小学英语语法及练习题--名词

 时间:2019-02-12 03:21:36 贡献者:meiaoyingyu1

导读:美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词【要点精华】 1. 定义 名词可以分为专有名词和普通名词,专有名词是某个(些)人,地方,机构 等专有的名称,如 Beijing,China 等。普通名词是一类

一年级数学每天练习题; 练习题; 小学一年级数学试卷;
一年级数学每天练习题; 练习题; 小学一年级数学试卷;

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词【要点精华】 1. 定义 名词可以分为专有名词和普通名词,专有名词是某个(些)人,地方,机构 等专有的名称,如 Beijing,China 等。

普通名词是一类人或东西或是一个抽象概念 的名词,如:book,sadness 等。

普通名词又可分为下面四类: 1)个体名词:表示某类人或东西中的个体,如:gun。

2)集体名词:表示若干个个体组成的集合体,如:family。

3)物质名词:表示无法分为个体的实物,如:air。

4)抽象名词:表示动作、状态、品质、感情等抽象概念,如:work。

个体名词和集体名词可以用数目来计算,称为可数名词,物质名词和抽象名词一般 无法用数目计算,称为不可数名词。

2. 名词复数的规则变化(情况,构成方法,读音,例词) a. 一般情况在名词后加-s 清辅音后读/s/ map-maps 浊辅音和元音后读 /z/ bag-bags /car-cars b. 以 s, sh, ch, x 等结尾的名词加-es 读 /iz/ bus-buses/ watch-watches/brush-brushes/box-boxes c. 以 ce, se, ze,等结尾加 -s 读 /iz/ license-licenses d. 以辅音字母+y 结尾的名词把变 y 为 i 再加 es 读 /z/ baby---babies1

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词e. 以 o 结尾的名词,变复数时: 1). 加 s,如: photo---photos radio---radios 2). 加 es,如:potato--potatoes piano---pianos zoo---zoos; tomato--tomatoes3). 上述 a 和 b 两种方法均可,如 zero---zeros / zeroes。

f. 以 f 或 fe 结尾的名词变复数时: 1). 加 s,如: belief---beliefs safe---safes 2). 去 f, fe 加 ves,如:half---halves knife---knives wife---wives leaf---leaves life---lives wolf---wolves thief---thieves roof---roofs gulf---gulfs3). 上述 a 和 b 两种方法均可,如 handkerchief: handkerchiefs / handkerchieves。

3. 名词复数的不规则变化 1) child---children mouse---mice foot---feet man---men tooth---teeth woman---women注意:由一个词加 man 或 woman 构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和 -women,如 an Englishman,two Englishmen。

但 German 不是合成词,故复数形 式为 Germans;Bowman 是姓,其复数是 the Bowmans。

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美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词2) 单复同形,如 deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese ,yuan 等。

4. 名词所有格 1)在英语中有些名词可以加“’s”来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该 名词的所有格,例如:Where’s Lin Tao’s bike?林涛的自行车在哪? 2)如果原词已经有复数词尾-s,则仅仅加一个“ ’ ” ,例如:teachers’ office 老师的 办公室 3)如果是复数,但不带词尾-s,则仍然加“’s” ,例如:those men’s hats 那些男士的 帽子 4) 如果表示各自的所有关系时, 名词末尾均需加 “’s” 例如: , Jim’s and Kate’s glasses 吉姆和凯特各自的眼镜 5)如果表示共同的所有关系时,仅在最后一词的末尾加“’s” ,例如:Jim and Kate’s kite 吉姆和凯特的风筝(两个人共同拥有的) 6)如果表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格后面常常不出现它所修 饰的名词,例如:Shall we go to Meimei’s for supper?我们一起到梅梅家去吃饭, 好吗? 7)没有生命的名词所有格用 of,例如:This is a photo of my family. 这是我家的一 张全家福。

【实战演练场】 一. 圈出下列单词中的不可数名词 peach ink water zoo sister coffee knife snow ice tea orange jeep rain wind car teacher music ear cola watermelon cherry二. 写出下列名词的复数形式fridge1.watch__________ 4.dog__________ 7.nurse__________2.class__________ 5.dish__________ 8.desk__________3.shelf__________ 6.child__________ 9.boy__________3

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词10.baby__________ 11.tooth_________ 12.eye__________ 15.library_________ 18.telephone_________ 13.sheep_________ 14.tomato_______ 16.goose_________ 17.photo________ 三. 填入所给名词的适当形式 1. We have three________(pen).2. This is an __________(apple). 3. Where is the__________(pencil)? 4. There is a little __________ in the bottle(juice). 5. 6. 7. 8. Are you a __________(driver)? Yes, I am. There are a few __________(watch)on the desk. Many__________(shelf)are in our school library. He has some__________(ink). Three. pen library hat9. The__________(girl)in red is Mary. 10. How many__________(people)are there in your family? 四. 将下列名词按所给例词的词义属性归类 school pineapple panda jacket peach cattrousers ruler classroom lemon dress tiger playground ink eraser shirt elephant ballpoint–pen computer room deer pencil-case snake shorts socks 1. pencil 2. 3. 4. 5. ( ( ( banana coat wolf school building )1.There is __________on the table. A. Plate B.a plate )2.I can see many __________in the garden. A.flowers B.a flower )3.The_____on the hills are all white. A.sheep B.sheeps五. 选择题C.plates C.flowers C.doG4

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )4.These new_____are for you. A.skirt B.shoe )5.The clock has three______ A.legs B.leg )6.They are not in the same_______. A.class B.classes )7.Is this your_____? A.a key B.keys )8.They are having_____. A.a class B.English class )9.There are so many _____in the hall. A.peoples B.people )10.The_____has some nice pictures. A.boys B.teachers )11.The_____are dancing at the party. A.woman B.women )12.The _____are in Room408. A.student B.a student )13.Who’s that_____? She’s my mother. A.man B.woman )14.The_____are catching the thief. A.policeman B.policemen )15.There are new _____in my schoolbag. A.knife B.knifes C.shirts C.faces C.familys C.key C.Chinese class C.a people C.child C.man C.students C.women C.policemans C.knives)16._____jacket is it? May be it’s_____. A.Who’s;Toms B.What;Tom’s C.Whose;Tom’s )17.The books are the_____. A.teachers’ B.teachers C.teacher )18.There are a lot of children in the park on_____Day. A.children B.Children’s C.Childrens’ )19.Is it the twins’ bedroom? Yes,it is. It’s_____bedroom. A.Ann and Anna’s B.Ann’s and Anna’s C.Ann and Anna5

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词( ( ( ( ( )20.That is _____dog. A.Tom’s B.Toms C.Tom C.Jim and Tim C.uncle’s C.the twins’ C.Women’s Day )21._____coats are very pretty. A.Jim and Tim’s B.Jim’s and Tim’s )22.They are going to their_____home for dinner. A.uncles B.uncle )23.The big room is_____. A.the twin’s )24.March 8th is_____. B.twins’A.Woman’s Day B.Womans’ Day 六. 根据英语解释以及首字母写单词 1. comes after afternoon e_________ 2. a small bag with money in it w________ 3. 4. 5. 6. the hottest season the first day of the working week the first month of a year a room for sleeping s_________ M_______ J__________ b__________ c_________ a_________ A__________ t__________7. your uncle’s son or daughter 8. the sister of your father or mother 9. the month after July 10. making you very afraid; very bad七. 英汉互译1.一位美国医生____________ 3.不同的季节____________ 5.凯特的家庭照__________2.许多绵羊___________ 4.一杯牛奶_____________ 6.my uncle’s friend___________7.her cat’s name____________ 8.the doors of the classroom_______ 9.the twins’ mother_________ 10.Lucy and Kate’s bedroom_______ 八. 根据中文完成句子 1. When you have a headache, you should stay in bed and some__________(药). 2. My hobby is collecting___________(邮票). 3. Many___________(孩子)like watching cartoon(卡通片). 4. Every morning we should brush__________(牙齿).take6

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词5. We must clean our__________(教师)after school. 6. 7. 8. 9. May I have another__________(一瓶橘汁). I like __________(这条连衣裙的颜色). ____________________(汤姆和安的手套)are the same. There are many__________(狼)in the forest.10. __________(西红柿)is my favourite vegetable. 九. 阅读理解 Look at the picture on the wall. It’s a picture of Mr. Green’s family. The old man is Jim Green. He is Mr. Green’s father. Mr. Green is a worker. His wife, Helen Green, is a doctor. They have two daughters. They are Lucy and Lily. They are twins. Lucy and Lily have a cousin, Jeff. Jeff’s parents love them all very much. ( )1.The old man is Lucy and Lily’s__________. A.father B.cousin C.uncle ( )2.The Greens have two__________. A.brothers B.sisters C.sons ( )3.Lucy has__________. D.grandfather D.daughters D.two sisters D.grandfather D.fatherA.a friend B.a sister C.a brother ( )4.Jeff’s father is Lucy and Lily’s__________. A. Uncle B.father C.brother ( )5.Lily’s mother is a __________. A.doctor B.worker C.teacher 十. 情景英语 选择正确的句子完成对话 Hello, Wang Mei! _1_ . Sure! How can I help you?I want to move the desk, but it’s too heavy._2_ I want to put it in the next room. OK, _3_ Oh, it’s so heavy,_4_No,it’s full of books. I see. Why don’t you take out the books? _5_ 1.__________2.__________3.__________4.__________5._________ A.That’s a good idea! B.Goodbye! C.Where do you want to put it? D.Is it empty?7

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词E.Shall we go? F.How are you? G.Could you help me, please? 十一. 将下列短语改写成用“s”来表示所有关系的短语 1.a walk of half an hour _____________________ 2.the bikes of Helen and Jane___________________ 3.the ships of the children______________________ 4.the sister of John____________________________ 5.at the shop of uncle John_____________________ 6.the room of Helen and John___________________ 十二. 把下列短语译成汉语 1.a piece of bread___________ 2.a box of apples____________ 3.a pair of trousers__________ 5.a cup of tea_________ 7.a piece of news_________ 十三. 名词所有格练习. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 4.a bottle of orange juice________ 6.a glass of water__________ 8.seven boxes of apples________ in a big hospital.__________________________(李明的父母)workThis is __________________________________(我妹妹的语文书). __________________________________(双胞胎的卧室) are very nice. ______________________________(王平和王明的父亲) is a hotel manager. Is this ___________________________________(你的好朋友的钢笔) ? They are ___________________________________(Peter 和 Sam 的老师). ___________________________(教师节) is on September 10th . ___________________________________(学生们的桌椅) are very new. We are very happy on ____________________________________(儿童节). He is in _________________________________(老师的办公室) now. Please open ______________________________________(教室的门). ____________________________(赵敏的鞋) are white. _________________________________(林红和张蔚的学校) is big and new.8

美奥教育小学语法技能训练 Unit1---名词14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. ________________________________(John 和 Sally 的母亲) are American. _____________________________(刘伟的妻子的朋友) is from Guangzhou. ______________________________(Tony 哥哥的电脑) is broken. It’s _____________________________(妇女节) on March 8th. Are these ________________________________________(男生们的书包) ? That is _______________________________________(Tom 和李雷的教室). _____________________________(我父亲的和她父亲的朋友) are from Beijing.9

 
 

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