初中英语句子成分和句子结构讲解及练习

 时间:2018-07-01 04:00:24 贡献者:陈莹2711369

导读:初中英语句子成分和句子结构讲解及练习主语( 主语(subject): 句子说明的人或事物。 ) 句子说明的人或事物。The sun rises in the east. (名词) He likes dancing. (代词) Twenty years is a short time

第一章   英语句子结构的简单认识
第一章 英语句子结构的简单认识

初中英语句子成分和句子结构讲解及练习主语( 主语(subject): 句子说明的人或事物。

) 句子说明的人或事物。

The sun rises in the east. (名词) He likes dancing. (代词) Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词) Seeing is believing. (动名词) To see is to believe. (不定式) What he needs is a book. (主语从句) It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. (It 形式主语,主语从句是真正 主语)谓语( 谓语(predicate): 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

) 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

We study English. He is asleep. 表语( 表语(predicative): 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

) 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

He is a teacher. (名词) Seventy-four! You don’t look it. (代词) Five and five is ten. (数词) He is asleep. (形容词) His father is in. (副词) The picture is on the wall. ( 介词短语) My watch is gone / missing / lost. (形容词化的分词) To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. (不定式) The question is whether they will come. (表语从句) (常见的系动词有: be, sound (听起来) look , (看起来) feel(摸起来, , smell 闻起来) taste ( , (尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是), feel(感觉) ... It sounds a good idea. The sound sounds strange. Her voice sounds sweet. Tom looks thin. The food smells delicious. The food tastes good. The door remains open. Now I feel tired.宾语: 宾语: 1)动作的承受者 动宾 动作的承受者-----动宾I like China. (名词) He hates you. (代词) How many do you need? We need two. (数词) We should help the old and the poor. I enjoy working with you. (动名词) I hope to see you again. (不定式) Did you write down what he said? (宾语从句) 2) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词 ) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾 介宾 Are you afraid of the snake? Under the snow, there are many rocks.3) 双宾语 ) 双宾语-----间宾(指人)和直宾(指物) 间宾( 间宾 指人)和直宾(指物)He gave me a book yesterday. Give the poor man some money. 宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。

We elected him monitor. (名词) We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名)1

一、主语(subject): 句子说明的人或事物。

主语( ) The sun rises in the east. He likes dancing. Twenty years is a short time in history. Seeing is believing. To see is to believe. What he needs is a book. (名词) (代词) (数词) (动名词) (不定式) (主语从句)It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. (It 形式主语,主语从句是真正主语) 二、谓语(predicate): 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

谓语( ) We study English. He is asleep. 三、表语(predicative): 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

表语( ) He is a teacher. Seventy-four! You don’t look it. Five and five is ten. He is asleep. His father is in. The picture is on the wall. My watch is gone / missing / lost. (名词) (代词) (数词) (形容词) (副词) (介词短语) (形容词化的分词) (不定式)To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. ” The question is whether they will come.(表语从句)常见的系动词有: be, sound(听起来), look(看起来), feel(摸起来),smell(闻起来), taste(尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是), feel(感觉) …. It sounds a good idea. The sound sounds strange. Her voice sounds sweet. Tom looks thin. The food smells delicious. The food tastes good. The door remains open. Now I feel tired. 三、宾语: 宾语: 1)动作的承受者——动宾 I like China. (名词)2

He hates you. (代词) How many do you need? We need two. (数词) We should help the old and the poor. I enjoy working with you. (动名词) I hope to see you again. (不定式) Did you write down what he said? (宾语从句) 2)介词后的名词、代词和动名词——介宾 Are you afraid of the snake? Under the snow, there are many rocks. 3) 双宾语——间宾(指人)和直宾(指物) He gave me a book yesterday. Give the poor man some money. 四、宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。

宾补: We elected him monitor. (名词)We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名) We will make them happy. (形容词) We found nobody in. (副词) Please make yourself at home. (介词短语) Don’t let him do that. (省 to 不定式) His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (带 to 不定式) Don’t keep the lights burning. (现在分词) I’ll have my bike repaired. (过去分词) 五、主补:对主语的补充。

主补: He was elected monitor. She was found singing in the next room. He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson. www.rr365.com 六、定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。

定语: Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词) He is our friend. (代词) We belong to the third world. (数词)He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词) The man over there is my old friend.(副词) The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词) The boys playing football are in Class 2. (现在分词) The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去分词) I have an idea to do it well. (不定式)3

You should do everything that I do.(定语从句)七、状语:用来修饰 v., adj., adv., or 句子。

表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条 状语: 件、方式和让步。

(以下例句按上述顺序排列) I will go there tomorrow.The meeting will be held in the meetingroom. The meat went bad because of the hot weather. He studies hard to learn English well. He didn’t study hard so that he failed in the exam. I like some of you very much. If you study hard, you will pass the exam. He goes to school by bike. Though he is young, he can do it well.记忆口诀: 记忆口诀:动词种类速记: 动词种类速记: 英语动词分四种,行为连系助动情。

动作状态为行动,充当谓语有作用; 连系动词有意义,不能独立作谓语, 须与表语在一起,常用 look,become,be 助动词无意义,不能独立作谓语, 时态、疑问和否定,do,be,will 最常用 情态动词 must,can,may,表示语气和情态, 人称与数无变化,动词原形跟着它。

感官、使役动词: 感官、使役动词: 一感二听三使四看 一感:feel 二听:hear,listen 三使:make, let ,have 四看:look at,see,watch,notice用法口诀 感使动词真奇怪,to 在句中像妖怪, 主动句中它走开,被动句中它回来, 动词 let 要除外,to 词可来可不来。

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