小学五年级英语语法以及8份练习题

 时间:2018-12-15 03:21:04 贡献者:courage55

导读:语法及练习 1 be 动词 Be 动词的用法: (1) Am--was Is --was Are--were 口诀:我用 am, 你用 are, is 用在他她它,复数全用 are。 (2) 肯定和否定句 I am (not) from London. He is(not) a teacher. She is(not) in the dining r

小学五年级英语语法以及8份练习题
小学五年级英语语法以及8份练习题

语法及练习 1 be 动词 Be 动词的用法: (1) Am--was Is --was Are--were 口诀:我用 am, 你用 are, is 用在他她它,复数全用 are。

(2) 肯定和否定句 I am (not) from London. He is(not) a teacher. She is(not) in the dining room. My hair is(not) long. Her eyes are(not) small. (3) 一般疑问句 Are you a Chinese? Yes, I am. No, I amn’t. Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t. 用恰当的 be 动词填空。

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. 2. The girl______ Jack's sister. 3. The dog _______ tall and fat. 4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. 5. ______ your brother in the classroom? 6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home. 7. How _______ your father? 8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school. 9. Whose dress ______ this? 10. Whose socks ______ they? 11. That ______ my red skirt. 12. Who ______ I? 13.The jeans ______ on the desk. 14. Here ______ a scarf for you. 15. Here ______ some sweaters for you. 16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang. 17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling. 18. The two cups of milk _____ for me. 19. Some tea ______ in the glass. 20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there. 21. My sister's name ______Nancy. 22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil. 23. ______ David and Helen from England? 24. There ______ a girl in the room. 25. There ______ some apples on the tree. 26. _______ there any kites in the classroom? 27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle? 28. There _______ some bread on the plate. 29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park. 30. You, he and I ______ from China.

语法及练习 2 人称代词和物主代词 人称代词和物主代词 1.人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于 than 之 后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。

2.物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单 独使用,后面不带名词。

一.填写代词表主格。

I you his hers 二.用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I ) 2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 4. _________ is my brother. ________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he ) 5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you ) 6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she ) 7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you ) 8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they) 9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it ) 10. Are these ________ tickets? No, ________ are not _________. ________ aren’t here. ( they ) 11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we ) 12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she ) 13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he ) 14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they ) 15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger! 16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she ) 17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we ) 18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they ) 19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he ) 20. May I sit beside _________? ( you ) 21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it ) 22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she ) your it we them

语法及练习 3 名词复数和动词三单 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives 5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet,.tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 练习:写出下列各词的复数。

I _________ him _________ this _______ her ______ watch _______ book_______ child _______ photo ________ diary ______ day________ foot________ dress ________ tooth_______ sheep ______ box_______ strawberry _____ thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______ man______ woman_______ paper_______ people________ 二.动词三单的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks 2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 练习: 写出下列动词的第三人称单数。

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____ come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush________ teach_______

语法及练习 4 一般现在时 一般现在时一般现在时基本用法介绍 一般现在时的功能 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。

如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。

如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。

如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成 1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。

如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。

如:We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。

如:Mary likes Chinese.玛 丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化 1. be 动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。

如:I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。

如:He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。

如:- Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。

如:- Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:How does your father go to work? 一、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays? 7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. 19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 二、按照要求改写句子。

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) ___________________________ 4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________ 5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) _______________________________________________________ 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) ________________________________________________________ 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) ___________________________________________________ 9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 三、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上) 1. Is your brother speak English? __________________ 2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________ 3. He likes play games after class. __________________ 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________ 5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

语法及练习 5 现在进行时 现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶 段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing. 3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑问词不达意 + be + 动词 ing? 动词加 ing 的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking 2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting 3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing,如: run-running, stop-stopping 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play________ run__________ swim _________ make__________ go_________ like________ write________ ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love_________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________ 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空: 1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . 3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now. 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now? 5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson . 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now. 7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom . 8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music. 9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now 10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换: 1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问和否定 句)____________________________________________________________ 2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) _________________________________________________________________ 3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问) _________________________________________________________________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问) _________________________________________________________________语法及练习 6 将来时 将来时 一、概念: 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、 计划或准备做某事。

句中一般有以下时间状语: tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t。

例如: going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. I’m 四、一般疑问句: be 或 will 提到句首,some 改为 any, and 改为 or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? 五、对划线部分提问:一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。

Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon. 2. 问干什么。

What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. → What is your father going to do with you this afternoon. 3. 问什么时候。

When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed? 六、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 练习:填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball. 3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit. 4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet? 改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定) Nancy ________ going to go camping. 6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them. 7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school? 10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon. 12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week. 13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike. 14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually ________ (watch) TV and ________(catch) insects? 15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects. 16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows. 17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow. 18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday. 19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday. 20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now. 语法及练习 7 一般过去时 一般过去时 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连 用。

一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。

(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。

(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句首。

3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句: 在句首加 did, 句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

Did Jim go home yesterday? 如: 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday? 动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked 2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:taste-tasted 3. 末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节, 应双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加-ed, 如:stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied 5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat 过去时练习:写出下列动词的过去式 is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________ Be 动词的过去时练习 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ an English teacher now. 2. She _______ happy yesterday. 3. They _______ glad to see each other last month. 4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends. 5. The little dog _____ two years old this year. 6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here. 7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday. 8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited. 二、句型转换。

1. There was a car in front of the house just now. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 三、 中译英。

1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。

___________________________________________________________ 2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。

___________________________________________________________ 3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。

___________________________________________________________ 行为动词的过去时练习 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night. 3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) 4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______. 6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday. 7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______. 8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly. 二、句型转换。

1. They played football in the playground. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 三、中译英。

1. 格林先生去年住在中国。

________________________________________________________ 2. 昨天我们参观了农场。

________________________________________________________ 3. 他刚才在找他的手机。

________________________________________________________ 过去时综合练习(1) 一、 用动词的适当形式填空。

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday. 2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night. 3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day. 4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday. 5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read) 6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play) 7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now. 8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____. 9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday. 10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday. 二、 中译英。

1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。

_________________________________________________________ 2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。

_________________________________________________________ 3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

_________________________________________________________

4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。

_________________________________________________________ 过去时综合练习 一、用动词的适当形式填空。

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car. 2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago. 3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean) 4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do) 5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago. 6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick) 7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water) 8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances. 9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room. 10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk) 二、中译英。

1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。

_________________________________________________________ 2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛。

_________________________________________________________ 3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。

_________________________________________________________语法及练习 8 There be 句型与 have, has There be 句型与 have, has 的区别 1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人) 2、在 there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用 is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用 are ; 如有几 件物品,be 动词根据最*近 be 动词的那个名词决定。

3、there be 句型的否定句在 be 动词后加 not , 一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。

4、there be 句型与 have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表 示某人拥有某物。

5、 some 和 any 在 there be 句型中的运用: some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

6、and 和 or 在 there be 句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词 短语? How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语? 8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语? Fill in the blank with “have,has”or “there is , there are” 1. I________a good father and a good mother. 2. ____________a telescope on the desk.

3. He_________a tape-recorder. 4. _____________a basketball in the playground. 5. She__________some dresses. 6. They___________a nice garden. 7. What do you___________? 8. ______________a reading-room in the building? 9. What does Mike___________? 10. ______________any books in the bookcase? 11. My father_________a story-book. 12. _______________a story-book on the table. 13. _______________any flowers in the vase? 14. How many students____________in the classroom? 15. My parents___________some nice pictures. 16. _____________some maps on the wall. 17. ______________a map of the world on the wall. 18. David__________a telescope. 19. David’s friends___________some tents. 20. ______________many children on the hill. Fill in the blank with “ have, has ” 1. I_________ a nice puppet. 2. He_________a good friend. 3. They__________ some masks. 4. We___________some flowers. 5. She___________ a duck. 6. My father____________ a new bike. 7. Her mother___________a vase. 8. Our teacher_________ an English book. 9. Our teachers___________a basketball. 10. Their parents___________some blankets 11. Nancy_________many skirts. 12. David__________some jackets. 13. My friends__________a football. 14. What do you__________? 15. What does Mike__________? 16. What do your friends___________? 17. What does Helen___________? 18. His brother________a basketball. 19. Her sister_________a nice doll. 20. Miss Li__________an English book.

 
 

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