小学英语语法及练习题

 时间:2018-05-08 16:11:11 贡献者:wenlan2012322

导读:★第一课主格(做主语)一般放句首人称代词形容格 (跟名词放名词前的2. This isn`t my book. _______(我的) is in the bag. 名词格句尾单独用宾格(动、介后)句尾的3.Could_________(你)ask_________(他) to call____

小学-英语语法与练习题84887.doc
小学-英语语法与练习题84887.doc

★第一课主格(做主语)一般放句首人称代词形容格 (跟名词放名词前的2. This isn`t my book. _______(我的) is in the bag. 名词格句尾单独用宾格(动、介后)句尾的3.Could_________(你)ask_________(他) to call_________(我)back? 4.Don’t forget_________(我们)? 5._________(我们)would like to buy_________ (它们). 6. ---Who is it in this picture? ---It’s ____________(我). 7. There’s one dollar on the floor. Pick___________(它)up. 8._________(他们)are friendly to___________(你们). 9.Does_________(他)give_______(它)to__________(她)? 10._________(他)does__________(他的)homework on Sunday. 1. Hello, may ___________ (我) speak to Jack? 2. My bag is small. Can I use ____________ (你的)? 3. That is___________(他们的) new house. 4. My ruler is long. ____________ ( 她的 ) is short. 5. __________(他的) teacher is good. ___________(她的)is good, too. 6. Mr. Green often tells ___________(我们) some stories. 7.________(他)often helps ________(我们)with our lessons. 8.Shall ________(我们)go and join ________(她们)? 9. ________(我)want to go with ________(他们). 10. Could _______ (你) tell_______ (我) how to get to the nearest hotel? 1. Let ________(我)help ________(你们). 2. It's time for ________(她)to go home. 3. It's very nice of ________(你). 4. This bike is my sister`s. It belongs to ______ (她的)。

5._________(他)does__________(他的)homework on Sunday.I you(你, 你们) he she it we theyme you him her it us themmy your his her its our theirmine your his hers its Ours theirs1. Are these ________(you)pencils? 2. -Whose is this pencil? 3. I love ________(they)very much. 4. She is________(I)classmate.Yes, they are ________(our).-It's ________(I).5. Miss Li often looks after________(she)brother. 6 -Are these ________(they)bags ? -No, they aren't ________(their). They are ________(we). 7. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big.( I ) 8. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 9. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 1. This bike is my sister`s. It belongs to ______ (她的)。

★第二课主语 he, she, it 单数 I you名词单复数及 a,an 的用法谓语(be 动词) Is am are are a/an +名词单数 表语milk________rice__________ tea_________ shelf _______ baby _______ tomato______ goose______bag _______ knife _______ tooth _______ army________ mouse_________orange _______ family _______ wish ______ Japanese______ fox______ key _______ adio______Chinese________复数you we they名词复数二.用 a,an,the 或 / 填空. 1.There is 2.Horse is 4.There is apple tree in my garden. useful animal. 3.LiLy is 8-year-old girl. wall.例:我是男人。

I am a man. 我们是男人。

We are men. 你是女人。

You are a woman. 你们是女人。

You are women. 他是老师。

He is a teacher. 他们是老师。

They are students. 名词的单数:表示一个时,名词前加 a 或 an(用于名词第一个是元音 音素前的。

名词的复数:一般在单数形式后面加-s 或-es。

(1) 名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词, 不可数名词没有单复数, 一律看作单数。

(2)可数名词的单数前什么时候用 a,什么时候用 an? 答:以元音音标(或音素)开头的用 an。

以辅音音标(或音素)开 头的用 a。

注意:我们看的是音标(或音素) ,而不是元音字母。

一.写出下列名词的复数形式 I ________ child _______ foot________ sheep ______ yo-yo ______ this ___________ photo ________ book_______ box_______ peach______ that__________ watch _______ diary _________ dress __________ trawberry _______ sandwich _________ juice________ day________ tooth_______ thief______ man______map of China,___map is on5.Yesterday we had_______wonderful time at the park. 6.Would you please pass me_______ sugar on 7.Go to the open air and enjoy moon. table?8.________elephant has________ long nose . 9.My aunt works in_______hospital,she is______nurse. 10.Who is________man with glasses? 11. Do you know 12.Students often play 13.-what’s 14.Mike is date today? boy in a yellow hat? volleyball in afternoon. -It’s June 26th. honest boy.university student.He is rice for lunch.15.We always havewoman_______ paper_______water_______

★第三课主语 我 他,她,它,人名 你,你们,我们, 他们 不是三单人称 三单人称 谓语 am is are 无 无一般现在时宾语 其它 时间特征2.Henry takes the No.1 bus to school. ? 3.I go there by bus. ? 4. He does his homework. ? 5.The panda looks lovely. ? 6.She can do it by herself. ? 7.Does he walk to school? (改陈述句) 8. Do you often play football after school? (肯定回答) 9. I have many books. (改为否定句) 10. Gao Shan’s sister likes playing table tennis (改为否定句) 11. She lives in a small town near New York. (改为一般疑问句) 12. I watch TV every day.(改为一般疑问句) 13. David has got a goal.(改为一般疑问句) 14. We have four lessons.(否定句) 15. Nancy doesn’t run fast (肯定句) 16. My dog runs fast. (改为一般疑问句) .动原 动尾加 s 或 esevery often always usually sometimes now and then没有 Be 动词:①当谓语由实义动词充当,主语不是第三人称单数时, 句子结构为:主语+动词原形+其它 否定式为:主语+don't+动词原形+其它 疑问句为:Do+主语+动词原形+其它? ②当主语是第三人称单数时: 句子结构为:主语+动词(词尾加 s 或 es)+其它. 否定式为:主语+doesn't+动词原形+其它. 疑问句式:Does+主语+动词原形+其它? 第一人称 单 数 复 数 我I 第二人称 你 you 第三人称(三单) 他 he,她 she,它 it 一只猫 a cat, 水 water, LiLy 李丽(人名)等 他(她,它)们 they 两只猫 two cats我们 we你们 you第三人称单数 +动词(词尾 s 或 es)一般在词尾-s 以字母 s,x,ch,sh 或 o 结尾-es先改成否定句,再改成一般疑问句,再作肯定和否定回答。

1.He is a teacher. ?

★第四课主语 我 他,她,它,人名 你,你们,我们, 他们 谓语 am is are现在进行时宾语 动词 ing 时间特征now, at this time, these days, etc6. We _______________ (have) an English class now. 7. Listen! Someone is__________________(come). 8. They ___________________(catch) butterflies now. 9. He ______________________ (do) an experiment now. 10. They _____________________(collect) stamps now. 11. The doctors _____________________ (get ) off the bus. 12. Come on. They _________________ ( leave ) now. 按要求改写句子 1. The boy is playing basketball.否定句:_________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________ 肯定回答:______________ 2. 造句: 1).she,the window,open,now.(用现在进行时连词成句.) ________________________________________________ 2).is,who,the window,cleaning?(连词成句)______________________ 3).She is closing the door now.(改成否定句)______________________ 4.)You are doing your homework.(用"I"作主语改写句子) _______________________________________________ 5).they,the tree,sing,now,under.(用现在进行时连词成句.) ______________________________________________ 6).The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句) ____________________________________________________ 否定回答:____________________ 对 The boy 提问:__________________________句型:肯定句:am/is/are+动词 ing 否定句:am/is/are+not+动词 ing. 一般疑问句:把 be 动词放于句首。

1. Listen! Who 2. She _ 3. Don't 4. 6. It's 6:30. I 7. Look, the pupils 8. My mother 9. He you (speak) English in the library? (like) music. Now she (run) in the street. (go) to school every day? (play) games. (have) an English class. (wash) the bowls in the kitchen now. (like) art very much. He (draw) a horse now. (make) noise here. (get) up. (sing).5. Class is over. The pupils10. Let the children go away. They1.Mr Zheng _______________ (read) a book now. 2. The rabbits _________________ (jump) now. 3.. Look ! Tom and John ________________ (swim). 4. My brother _________________ (make) a kite in his room now. 5. Look! The bus _______________ (stop).

★第五课口诀:基变序,有规律。

基数与序数(一、二、三、特殊记,词尾字母 t,d,d. (如:first, second, third)。

八减 t,九去 e,(如:eighth, ninth), f 来把 ve 替。

(如:twelfth). 单词 ty 作结尾,ty 变成 tie(如:twentieth). 若是碰到几十几,只变个位就可以。

(如:twenty-first) 一、 写出下列基数词和序数词. 1________ ________ 2________ _______ 3________ ________ 7_______ _______ 8________ ________ 9________ ___ __ 12________ _______ 13________ ________ 20________ ________ 10________ ________ 17________ ________15________ ________ 5________ ________ 4________ ________ 11________ ________ 二、写出下列词的序数词 one nine third twentieth two twelve fourth nineteenth six eight five twenty-one tenth thirty-first of June(六月). of September(九月). .三、写出下列单词的基数词四、根据句子意思填空。

1. Children’s Day(儿童节) is on the 2. There are 4. Three plus(加) six is 五、选择填空。

months(月)in a year(年). 3. Teacher’s Day(教师节) is on the)1. My cousin’s birthday in on the of October. A. three B. first C. the second ( )2. What’s the date today? It’s of April. A. twelfth B. the 12th C. 12th ( )3. There are days in a week. A. the seven B. seventh C. the seventh D. seven ( )4.Sunday is the day of a week. A. one B. first C. second ( )5. Twenty-eight minus(减)six is . A. the twenty- second B. twenty-two C. twenty- second ( )6. Four plus(加) is twelve. A. seven B. eight C. nine ( )7. May is the month of the year. A. five B fifth C six D sixth ( )8. There are so many new words in the (二十九) lesson . A twenty-nine B twenty-nineth C twenty-ninth ( )9. January is the month of the year . A one B oneth C first ( )10. The Yellow River is the longest river in China. A two B second C twoth ( )11. Today is her birthday. A nine B nineth C ninth ( )12. Now children ,turn to page and look at the picture in Lesson Two. A twentieth; one B twenty one C twentieth first D twenty first ( )13. There are months in a year. Month is December . A twelfth Twelfth B twelve Twelve C twelfth The twelfth D twelve The twelfth

★第六课一、 1 big 5 heavy 9 good 13 cool 17 last 21 far 25behind 29 up 33 much 37 in 41ill 二、 1 man 5 this 9 my 13 my反义词与同音词三、 1some写出下列单词的近(同)义词。

2 many 5 picture 8 cap 11 fall 13 learn 16 listen 19 good 写出下列单词的同音词。

2I 5 flu 8 too 11 here 14 aunt 17meet 20 our 23 farther 3 for 6 no 9 right 12 by 15 see 18 be 21 one 24 red 14 walk 17 lesson 20 few 3 too 6 on 9 look写出下列单词的反义词。

2 long 6 old 10 happy 14 rainy 18 south 22 day 26 before 30 sit 34 go 38 wrong 42 many 写出下列单词的对应词。

2 boy 6 these 10 Mrs 14 he 3 father 7 morning 11 Miss 15 talk 4 grandpa 8 teacher 12 uncle 3 tall 7 right 11 black 15 cheap 19 east 23 here 27 yes 31 open 35 dark 39 cry 43 quiet 4 strong 8 kind 12 hot 16 late 20 easy 24 on 28 ask 32stop 36 same 40 fast 44 teach4 desk 7 near 10 look for 12 high 15 beautiful 18 hello 四、 1 there 4 wear 7 pear 10 whose 13 hair 16 dear 19 sun 22 hi

第七课一般将来时7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school? 10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空。

1.Today is a sunny day. We ___________ (have) a picnic this afternoon. 2. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week. 3. Tom often _____________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike. 4. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects? 5. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects. 6. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ____________ (do) next Sunday? I ____________ (milk) cows. 7. Mary ___________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow. 8. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…), soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc. 3.基本结构:am/is/are/going to + do;will/shall + do. 4.否定句:was/were + not; 在行为动词前加 won’t,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:be 放于句首;will/shall 提到句首。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I __________________ have a picnic with my friends. 2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What _______ _______ ________ ________ ________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball. 3.你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____your mother _______ ______ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she ________. She ______ ________ _________ buy some fruit. 4.你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you ________ _________ meet? 5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定) Nancy ________ going to go camping. 6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) I _______ go ______ join them.

第八课主语 我 他,她,它,人名 你,你们,我们, 他们 主语 谓语 was一般过去式宾语 其他 时间特征yesterday,two days ago, long ago weekyear in 1989 just now1. Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month. 2. Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o'clock last night. So he ______ (get) up late. 3. Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning. 4. Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year. 5. My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday. 6. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be) 7. -When _______ you _________ (come) to china? 8. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday? 9. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term? 10. There ________ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I _________ (have) no time to watch it. 改错题(请改正每个句子中的一个错误) 1.How is Jane yesterday? ___________________________ 2. He go to school by bus last week. _____________________________ 3.He goes home at 6:00 last month. _____________________________ 4.I can fly kites seven years ago. _______________________________ 5. Did you saw him just now. ___________________________________ (get) here? 6. Tom wasn't watch TV last night. ______________________________ 7. I did not my homework yesterday. _____________________________ 8. He wait for you three hours ago. ______________________________ 9.Who find it just now? ______________________________________ -Last year.were动+ed / 有 Be 动词的: 肯定句:主语+be 动词(was,were)+其他 否定句:主语+be not(was not,were not)+其他 疑问句:Be 动词(Was/Were)+主语+其他 有实义动词的:肯定句:主语+动词的过去式(+ed)+其他 否定句:主语+did not+动词原型+其他 疑问句:Did+主语+动词原型+其他 1. My father He (not stay) at home yesterday. (go) to Guangzhou.2. _____ they ______ (visit) the zoo last Sunday? 3. ---Who _____ (teach) you maths last year? --- Mr Liu (do). 4. --- When ____ you ____(take) these photos? --- I ____ (take) them last week. 6. --- When --- He 7. ----- No, he --- I Mike . He your brother (get) here two days ago. (play) computer games. (go) to see a gilm.8. --- When ____ you ____ (begin) to learn English? (begin) to learn English three years ago.

第九课形容词、副词比较级一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级 old__________ short________ fat_________ nice_________ low__________ young________ strong________ thin__________ good_________ high_________ tall_______ big________ heavy______ slow_______ long________ small_______ light________ fast________beautiful__________________late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______ 二、根据句意填入单词的正确形式: 1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me. 2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim. 3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is. 4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is. 5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is. 6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s. 7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class. 8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____. 9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls. 10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she).. 11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig? 12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom? 13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______. 14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow). 15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students. 三、翻译句子: 1、谁比 Jim 年纪大?是你。

________ is _________than Jim? ________ are 2、谁比 David 更强壮?是 Gao Shan. ________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________. 3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。

________pencil is ________,______or________?________is,I think. 4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。

_______apples _______ ________,your _______ or your _______? My ____________ ___________. 5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。

_________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am. 6、他和他的朋友 Jim 一样年轻。

He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim. 7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。

________ ________ as _________ as________ twin _______? No, _________ _________ than him. 8.Yang Ling 每天睡得比 SuYang 晚。

Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su Yang every day. 9.我跳得和 Mike 一样远。

I _________ as _______ as Mike. 10.Tom 比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。

____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_______ as_______. 11.多做运动,你会更强壮。

________ more exercise,you’ll ________ _________ soon. 12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。

I ______ ________ at Science.But I don’t _________ well in Chinese. 13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。

____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing? No, I______it _______than_____.

 
 

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