八年级上册英语重点单词和短语

 时间:2018-06-28 20:04:25 贡献者:马丙学

导读:课程解读一、学习目标: 学习目标:知识目标:掌握本讲涉及的单词、短语和句型。 情感目标:帮助同学们在假期中复习基础知识,查漏补缺,使同学们的知识水平达到一 个新的高度。二

八年级英语(上册)重点单词和短语
八年级英语(上册)重点单词和短语

课程解读一、学习目标: 学习目标:知识目标:掌握本讲涉及的单词、短语和句型。

情感目标:帮助同学们在假期中复习基础知识,查漏补缺,使同学们的知识水平达到一 个新的高度。

二、重点、难点: 重点、难点:重点:八年级上册的重点单词、短语。

难点:八年级上册的重点句型。

三、知能提升: 知能提升:(一)重点单词 [单词复习] 1. exercise (v & n) 锻炼;运动;练习 2. try (v) 试图;设法;努力 3. help (v & n) 帮助 4. although/though (conj) 虽然;即使;纵然 5. keep (v) 保持;使……保持(某种状态) 6. foot (n) 脚 7. tooth (n) 牙齿 8. advice (n) 劝告;忠告;建议 9. until (conj) 直到……之时;在……之前 10. famous (adj) 著名的;出名的 11. leave (v) 离开;出发 12. forget (v) 忘记 13. finish (v) 结束;完成 14. take (v) 花费;带走 15. both (pron) 两个(都) ;两者(都) 16. however (adv) 然而 17. interest (n) 兴趣;爱好 18. beat (v) 打败;战胜 19. information (n) 消息;信息 20. win (v) 赢;获胜 21. luckily (adv) 幸运地 22. hold (v) 举行 23. over (prep) (在数目、数值、程度等方面)超过;在……以上 24. hate (v) 憎恨;憎恶 25. borrow (v) 借;借入;借用 26. invite (v) 邀请 27. success (n) 成功 28. without (prep) 无;没有 29. enough (adj & adv) 充足的(地) ;足够的(地)

30. should(modal v)应该 [即学即练] 1. I e every day. It is good for my health. 2. It’s good for everyone to take a lot of (exercise). 3. A he is young, he knows a lot of things. 4. He usually goes to school on f . 5. I don’t like the bad weather. I h rain. yours? 6. I didn’t take my pen. Can I b 7. My mother gets angry when I f to clean my room. 8. I don’t have e money to buy such an expensive CD player. 9. Fish can’t live w water. 10. We (尽力) to eat a lot of vegetables to keep healthy. (牙齿) twice a day . 11. It’s a good habit to brush your 12. The Great Wall is (著名的) in the world . 13. This is an old shop. (但是) , there are still many people in it . 14. People can get lots of (信息) from the Internet . (爱好). We both like sports and music. 15. We have the same 16. My father always (打败) me in chess . 17. Our school is going to __________ (举行) a sports meeting this autumn . 18. Could you please (借) me some money ? 19. We finished the plan and got a great____________(成功) . 20. I (邀请) all my friends to my birthday party last Sunday . 21. We (win)the basketball match yesterday. That’s really an exciting match. 22. He is (leave) for Beijing next week. 23. When you finish (take) photos, please show them to me. 24. How long does it take you (walk ) to school ? (drink) lots of water when you have a fever. 25. You should 26. (luck), we found our lost dog. 27. We must keep in the reading room. A. quiet B. quietly C. quite D. quitely 28. Let’s go to the teacher for . A. a advice B. an advice C. some advice D. some advices 29. Li Lei’s parents playing baseball. A. all like B. like all C. both like D. like both 30. Don’t forget the lights when you leave the classroom. A. turn off B. turning off C. to turn off D. to turn on 31. I didn’t go to bed my parents came back. A. until B. after C. at D. while 32. There are over forty students in our class. (选出与划线单词同义的短语) A. less than B. more than C. nearly D. about 33. My healthy lifestyle helps me _______ good grades. A. get B. getting C. got D. geting 34. He didn’t run ______ , so he fell behind . A. fast enough B. enough fast C. slow enough D. enough slow

(二)重点短语 [短语复习] 1. as for 至于;关于 2. be good for 对……有益 3. be good at 擅长;在……方面(学得,做得)好 4. look after 照看;照顾 5. be different from 和……不同 6. the same as 和……一样 7. too much 太多 8. something different 一些不同的(东西) 9. at the moment 此时;现在 10. depend on 视……而定;取决于 11. come over 顺便来访 12. turn on 打开 13. have fun doing sth. 做某事有乐趣 14. too…to…太……以至于不能…… 15. at the age of 在……岁时 16. take part in 参加 17. because of 因为;由于 18. grow up 成长;长大 19. all over 到处;遍及各处 20. work on 从事;忙于 [即学即练] 1. 至于这个问题,不要管它。

this matter, let it alone. 2. 我母亲现在很忙。

My mother is very busy 3. 牛奶对每个人都有益。

Milk is 4. 这次我想做一些不同的事情。

This time I want to do 5. 我妹妹四岁时开始学拉手风琴。

My little sister began to learn the accordion 6. 那个男孩的年齡和你一样大。

The boy is 7. 迈克打算去做环球旅游。

age you. ___. the everyone . . four.Mike is going to travel____ __ ____ __ ___ ___ ___ 8. 我们班里有十个人参加了上个月市里举行的英语竞赛。

Ten students in our class the City English Competition last month. 9. I think it (取决于) the weather . 10. Please (顺便来访)to my house. I have something to tell you. (因为) her illness, she couldn’t go to school. 11.

12. It’s dark outside. Please (打开)the light 13. There is a tall building (在……的尽头)the street. 14. She wants to be an engineer when she __________ (长大) . 15. My little brother is __________ (擅长画画). 16. My mother is ill, so I have to __________ (照看)her at home. 17. Unit One is different Unit Two. A. to B. for C. from D. in 18. Don’t sit too close to a computer becauselight can harm(伤害)your eyes.A. too many B. much too C. too much D. so many 19. I had fun in the park. A. play B. to play C. playing D. played 20. He’s working _______a new computer program. A. in B. on C. to D. of 21. I was too tired last night, so I didn’t do my homework.(合并成一句) I was ___ ___ tired ___ ___ do my homework last night.(三)重点句型 [句型复习] 1. It’s +adj.+ for sb.+ to do sth. 2. how often 对频率进行提问;how far 对距离进行提问;how long 对一段时间进行提问; how many 对可数名词的复数进行提问;how much 对不可数名词的数量进行提问; how 对交通方式进行提问。

3. What’s the matter (with sb./sth.) ? 某人(物)怎么了? 4. How about…/ What about…? ……怎么样?用来提建议 5. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事。

6. What do you think of…? 你认为……怎么样? 7. Thank you for….为……而感谢你。

8. Could you please…? 请你……好吗? [即学即练] 1. 对你来说学好英语是很重要的。

_______ important _______ you _______(study)English well. 2. 你多久给你的父母写一次信? do you write to your parents? 3. 你认为北京的交通状况怎么样? do you the transportation in Beijing? 4. What’s wrong with you? (改为同义句) What’s with you? 5. He had a headache last night. (对划线部分提问) with him last night? 6. It takes two hours to get to school. (对划线部分提问) it to get to school? 7. I spent the whole afternoon learning English. (改为同义句) It me the whole afternoon English. 8. It’s five minutes’ walk from here to my home. (对划线部分提问)

is it from here to your home? 9. Mary goes to school on a bus. (对划线部分提问) Mary go to school? 10. Thank you for (invite) me to your party. 11. What about (visit) Uncle Wang? 12. It takes about 15 minutes (walk) there. 13. It is not easy my homework this evening. A. finish B. to finish C. finishing D. finishes 14. —Excuse me, could you help me carry the heavy box? — A. Yes, I could B. It doesn’t matter C. With pleasure D. Don’t mention it预习导学寒假专题( 寒假专题(二)动词的分类和时态 一、预习新知动词的分类和时态二、预习点拨思考问题一:动词可分为几类? 思考问题二:我们都学习过哪几种时态?同步练习(答题时间:45 分钟)I. 单项选择。

单项选择。

1. My book is the same yours. A. from B. as C. to D. of 2. Thank you inviting me to your party. A. to B. of C. for D. about 3. they are brothers, they don’t look like each other. A. Because B. Although C.When D. As 4. Do you all study in school? A. a same B. the same C. same D. different 5. There’s in today’s newspaper. A. nothing important B. important nothing C. anything important anything 6. My father tries vegetables four or five times a week . A. eat B. eating C. to eat D. ate 7. I eat junk food once a month. So you see, I my health . A. take after B. look at C. look after D. look for 8. I often help my mother the house. A. with cleaning B. cleaning C. cleans D. clean 9. He left the room saying anything. A. didn’t B. with C. without D. no me five hours to draw this picture yesterday 10. It A. makes B. took C. spends D. takesD. important

11. The earth is our home. We should keep it . A. is clean B. cleaning C. clean D. to clean go to bed I finished my homework at 12 last night. 12. I A. /, till B. didn’t, after C. didn’t, until D. did, until 13. the store, I think Parkson is the best. A. As B. For C. As for D. For as 14. I have a dream. When I , I want to be a scientist. A. make up B. come up C. grow up D. turn up snow here. It’s cold. 15. There is A. too much, much too B. much too, too much C. too, too D. much, much 16. It’s important you a balanced diet . A. of , eating B. of , to eat C. for , eating D. for, to eat is it to the nearest hotel? 17. — —About 15 minutes’ walk along this street. A. How much B. How soon C. How far D. How long 18. Those two girls are twins. , they look very different. A. Although B. But C. However D. Because II. 词汇。

词汇。

根据括号中的提示完成下列各题。

1. Grandma is very healthy because she (锻炼) every day . (不同)between the tiger and the cat. 2. There are some 3. I hope that my English teacher can give me some (建议) about listening . (直到) his mother came back . 4. He didn’t go to bed 5. —When did you (完成) your homework last night?—At 9:00. 6. He is (年龄足够大)to go to school. (讨厌) bananas . 7. Tom likes apples but 8. — (多远) is it from your home to school ? — About 20 minutes’ walk . 9. (我们两个) like soccer a lot. 10. I (invite) all my friends to my birthday party last Sunday . 11. Could I please (borrow) some books from you ? 12. People can’t live____________(with) air . 13. We all think Hero is a very____________(success) action movie . 14. When can you finish (clean) the floor? 15. How many (tooth) does a child have ? III. 完成句子。

完成句子。

1. I have a sore back .(对划线部分提问) the with you ? 2. They are staying there for three days .(对划线部分提问) are they staying there ? 3. We go shopping twice a week. (对划线部分提问) do you go shopping? 4.多吃蔬菜对我们的健康有益。

Eating more vegetables 5. 这本小说太难了,我看不懂。

difficult This novel is 6. 你长大后打算做什么? What are you going to do when you 7. 他没吃早饭就去上学了。

He went to school . 8. 虽然我们是姐妹,但是我们看上去不同。

we are sisters, we look . meour health. understand. ?

试题答案I. 1-5. BCBBA 6-10. CCDCB 11-15. CCCCA 16-18 DCC 解析: 4. same 在句中用作形容词,其前通常要加定冠词 the,表示“同一的;相同的” 。

6. try to do sth. 尽力做某事;try doing sth.试着做某事 8. help sb. (to) do sth. 或 help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 11. keep + 宾语+ 形容词作宾补 12. not…until…直到……才…… 句意为:昨天晚上直到 12 点完成了作业我才上床睡觉。

16. 形容 is+形容词+for sb.+ to do sth” “It 这类句型常用形容词 easy, difficult, hard, important, possible, wise 等词作表语;形容“It is+形容词+ of sb. +to do sth”.这类句型中的形容词常表 示心理品质,性格特征等的词,如:kind, nice, stupid, clever, foolish, polite, impolite 等。

II. 1. exercises 2. differences 3. advice 4. until 5. finish 6. old enough 7. hates 8. How far 9. We both 10. invited 11. borrow 12. without 13. successful 14. cleaning 15. teeth 解析: 2. some 用来修饰可数名词的复数或不可数名词,根据前面的 be 动词 are 可判断此处应 该填的是可数名词的复数形式,即 differences。

3. 建议 advice 是一个不可数名词,因此没有复数形式。

III. 1. What’s, matter 5. too, for, to 2. How long 6. grow up 3. How often 7. without breakfast 4. is good for 8. Though, different

 
 

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