小学英语语法教程+试题

 时间:2018-09-12 12:43:07 贡献者:Goodway

导读:金芒果少儿英语 肖老师小学英语语法学习要点(1) 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-

小学英语语法教程+试题
小学英语语法教程+试题

金芒果少儿英语 肖老师小学英语语法学习要点(1) 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawb erry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives 5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewom en, mouse-mice ;child-children; foot-feet,; tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese名词单数变复数规则 「速记口诀」 单数变复数,规则要记住, 一般加 s,特殊有几处: /s/结尾,es 不离后, 末尾字母 o,大多加 s, 两人有两菜,es 不离口, 词尾 f、fe,s 前有 v 和 e; 没有规则词,必须单独记。

「妙语诠释」①大部分单数可数名词变为复数要加 s,但如果单词以 ch,sh,s,x 等结尾, 则一般加 es;②以 o 结尾的单词除了两人(negro,hero)两菜(tomato,potato)加 es 外,其余一般加 s;③以 f 或 fe 结尾的单词一般是把 f,fe 变为 ve 再加 s;④英语中还有 些单词没有规则,需要特殊记忆,如 child—children,mouse—mice,deer—deer, sheep—sheep,Chinese—Chinese,ox—oxen,man—men,woman—women,foot—feet, tooth—teeth.1

金芒果少儿英语 肖老师写出下列各词的复数 I ____we____him ___them______this ____these_______her ___them___ watch ___wacthes____child _______photo ________diary diaries______ day_____days___ foot__feet______ book____books___ dress __dresses__ ___ tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____ thief thieves_______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______ man__men____ woman_____women__ paper_______juice___________ water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍 【No. 1】一般现在时的功能 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。

如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。

如:I get up at six every day.我每天六 点起床。

3.表示客观现实。

如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成 1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。

如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。

如: We study English.我们学习英语。

2

金芒果少儿英语 肖老师当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。

如:M ary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化 1. be 动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。

如: I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。

如: He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。

如: - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。

如: - Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:How does your father go to w3

金芒果少儿英语 肖老师ork? 动词+s 的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks 2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watchwatches, go-goes 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____ come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______ 二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays? 7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.4

金芒果少儿英语 肖老师10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. 19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 三、按照要求改写句子 1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) ___________________________ 4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________ 5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)5

金芒果少儿英语 肖老师_______________________________________________________ 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) ________________________________________________________ 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) ___________________________________________________ 9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上) 1. Is your brother speak English? 2. Does he likes going fishing? 3. He likes play games after class. 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________ 小学英语语法复习要点(2) 三、现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内 的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing.6

 
 

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