综合能力训练卷(一)第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
1．The story of Li Tianyi, the son of ________ famous military singer, driving a BMW without a licence and attacking a couple on the road has drawn the attention of ________ public. A．the; the B．/; the C．a; an D．a; the 2．Don't ________ personal information such as your name, telephone number and address until you feel comfortable. A．give in B．give off C．give out D．give up 3．The Education Department says that school safety has set off alarm bells with frequent reports of serious accidents ________ students got injured or killed. A．after which B．in which C．by which D．for which 4．With a lot of assignment ________， little Tom still feels very easy. A．do B．done C．doing D．to do 5．—Do you have any idea what your former boss would say about you? —I don't know，________. A．so do I care B．so I don't care C．nor I don't care D．nor do I care 6．It was announced that only when the fire was under control ________to return to their homes. A．the residents would be permitted B．had the residents been permitted C．would the residents be permitted D．the residents had been permitted 7．As there was no one she could________， she felt very helpless. A．turn to B．turn on C．turn off D．turn over 8．National Day ________ people singing and dancing happily in the street. A．saw B．watched C．observed D．felt 9．Tom took the police to the spot ________ the accident happened. A．which B．that C．where D．when 10．After graduation, she wanted to ________ her own business. A．set up B．turn up C．fix up D．make up 11．________ by his look, he doesn't think much of our plan. A．Judging B．Judged C．To judge D．Being Judged 12．________ children whose parents had died in the earthquake ________ sent to other families. A．A great number of; was B．A large number of; were C．The great number of; was D．The great number of; were 13．—How do you find the new book by Mary? —________. I guess she is out of her talent. A．Very good B．By accident C．In the library D．Very boring
14．You can ________ him not to smoke but you may not ________ him. A．advise; advise B．advise; persuade C．persuade; advise D．persuade; persuade 15．She couldn't wait ________ home after such a long and tiring journey. A．going B．to go C．go D．went 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。
It was her giggling that drew my attention.Note taking really wasn't all that funny. Walking over to the offender, I asked for the__16__.Frozen, she refused to give it to me.I waited, all attention in the classroom on the quiet__17__between teacher and student.When she finally__18__it over she whispered, “Okay, but I didn't draw it.” It was a handdrawn__19__of me, teeth blackened and the words “I'm stupid” coming out of my mouth. I managed to fold it up calmly.My mind ，__20__ ， was working angrily as I struggled not to__21__.I figured I knew the two most likely candidates for drawing the picture.It would do them some__22__to teach them a lesson, and maybe it was high time that I did it! Thankfully, I was able to keep myself__23__. When there were about six minutes remaining, I showed the class the picture.They were all silent as I told them how__24__this was for me.I told them there must be a reason__25__and now was their chance to write down anything they needed to tell me.Then I let them write silently while I sniffed in the back of the classroom. As I__26__the notes later, many of them said something like, “I've got nothing against you， ” or “I'm sorry you were hurt.” Some kids said, “We're__27__of you.” But two notes, from the girls who I__28__were behind the picture, had a list of issues.I was too__29__， too strict„ Reading those notes, I realized that over the course of this year, instead of__30__my students, I had begun commanding them to__31__.Where I thought I was driving them to success I was__32__driving them away. I had some apologizing to do.But the next day in the classroom, one boy and one girl each handed me a card.The one__33__by all the boys expressed sincere regret for the ugly joke.The one from the girls asked for__34__. This was a lesson for both the kids and me.Forgiveness does not change the past, but it does enlarge the__35__. 16．A.note B．advice C．reason D．help 17．A.battle B．competition C．argument D．conversation 18．A.took B．thought C．turned D．handed 19．A.statue B．graph C．picture D．poster 20．A.otherwise B．however C．therefore D．besides 21．A.leave B．cry C．explain D．argue 22．A.good B．harm C．favor D．punishment 23．A.amused B．controlled C．uninterested D．relaxed 24．A.meaningful B．forgetful C．regretful D．hurtful 25．A.aside B．above C．beneath D．behind
26．A.wrote B．finished C．read D．collected 27．A.proud B．fond C．afraid D．ashamed 28．A.figured B．promised C．concluded D．confirmed 29．A.talkative B．mean C．clumsy D．considerate 30．A.forcing B．encouraging C．comforting D．teaching 31．A.appreciate B．apologize C．compromise D．achieve 32．A.actually B．normally C．immediately D．generally 33．A.decorated B．offered C．signed D．bought 34．A.thankfulness B．forgiveness C．compensation D．communication 35．A.friendship B．education C．knowledge D．future 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。
A BEIJING—Pharmacologist Tu Youyou has become the first scientist on the mainland to win America's respected Lasker Award for her discovery of a new approach to malaria (疟疾) treatment. The 81yearold was presented with the medical prize by the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation on September 23, 2018 in New York. Tu, a scientist at the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in Beijing, was praised by the jury (评判委员会) for her “drug therapy (治疗) for malaria that has saved millions of lives across the globe, especially in the developing world，” according to a statement on the foundation's website. In early 1969, Tu was appointed head of a government project that aimed to eradicate(消灭) malaria, and it was then that she began applying modern techniques with Chinese traditional medicine to find drug therapy for malaria. After detecting (检测) 380 extracts (提取物) made from 2,000 candidate recipes, Tu and her colleagues obtained a pure substance called “Qinghaosu”， which became known as artemisinin in 1972. An artemisininbased drug combination is now the standard regimen (养生法) for malaria, and the World Health Organization lists artemisinin and related agents in its catalog of “Essential Medicines”， said a statement from the foundation. The Lasker Awards are given annually to people who have made major advances in the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, cure and prevention of human diseases since 1945. Lasker Awards are known as “America's Nobels” for their knack (熟练技术) of gaining future recognition by the Nobel committee. In the last two decades, 28 Lasker laureates (得奖者) have gone on to receive the Nobel Prize, and 80 since 1945. 36．Which of the following statements about Tu Youyou is FALSE? A．She is the first scientist on the mainland to win America's respected Lasker Award. B．She is a scientist at the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in Beijing. C．She is the first scientist in the world to win America's respected Lasker Award.
D．She began applying modern techniques with Chinese traditional medicine to find drug therapy for malaria in 1969. 37．Lasker Award is awarded by ________. A．New York Foundation B．the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation C．Chinese Medical Sciences D．Albert and Mary 38．What's the influence about Tu Youyou's “drug therapy for malaria”？ A．It has surprised the people in the world. B．It has reduced malaria. C．It applied modern techniques with Chinese traditional medicine. D．It has saved millions of lives across the globe, especially in the developing world. 39．What's the main idea of the passage? A．Tu Youyou won Lasker Award for malarial drug discovery. B．An American won Lasker Award for malarial drug discovery. C．Americans founded the Lasker Foundation. D．Tu Youyou discovered artemisinin. B Ask savvy investors(投资者) how they learned their first lessons about money, and they'll probably tell you lessons their parents taught them. The money values we learn as children stay with us the rest of our lives. If you are a parent, teaching your children the value of saving and investing will benefit them the rest of their lives. Here's what you can do： Help your child begin to save. Open savings accounts for your children, and teach them how the bank adds interest to their savings that makes their money grow. Encourage your children to save a little from every bit of money they receive, such as allowances, birthday gifts, etc. You may even want to set up a matching program, contributing fifty cents for each dollar your child saves. Teach your child about stocks(股票). A child in elementary school can start learning about how businesses work. Once your child understands the basics, ask him or her to think about some of the businesses that might be good stock investments. Then use Morningstar Mutual Fund Guide(available at your library)to find a quality mutual fund that holds some of these companies, or a mutual fund that caters to children such as the Stein Roe Young Investor Fund. Many funds accept regular monthly investments as low as $50 a month, so these funds can be a good way to teach children about the stock market while saving for their college education. Encourage early IRA(个人退休金账户)saving. The new Roth IRA is a great way for children who are working in summers or after school to begin saving for their future. Imagine how much money you'd have today if you had saved $3,000 a year since you were a teenager! Let your kids handle their own money. We all learn by doing, so letting your kids manage a segment of their budget(预算)will let them earn valuable financial lessons.They may make mistakes, but they will be small mistakes that may help them avoid larger mistakes as adults. 40．Which would be the best title for this passage? A．Why to Teach Your Children to Save B．How to Teach Your Children to Save C．Tips for Saving for Children D．Start Good Saving Habits Early
41．A matching program means ________. A．that you should set a good example to your children B．that you should provide enough money for children so that they can save some C．that you encourage your children to compete with each other in saving D．that you encourage your children by giving some extra money for them to save 42．According to the author, you should teach your children about investment when he/she is ________. A．in the kindergarten B．in primary school C．in middle school D．in college 43．Which of the following is NOT an advantage of the Stein Roe Young Investor Fund? A．It is usually with high benefits. B．It accepts regular monthly investments. C．It accepts small investments as low as $50 a month. D．It caters to children who can afford small investments. C Today, people all over the world are moving out of small villages in the country to go and live in big, noisy cities. They are moving from the peaceful hills, mountains, fields, rivers and streams of the countryside to the busy world of streets, buildings, traffic and crowds. This movement from rural(乡下的) areas to urban areas has been going on for over two hundred years. In many countries, the main reason people come to live in towns and cities is work. After one or two large factories have been built in or near a town, people come to find work, and soon an industrial area begins to grow. There is usually a_residential_area nearby, too. The families of these workers need schools, hospitals and shops, so many people come to live in the area to provide these services and a city grows. In every major city in the world, there is a business district where the big companies have their main offices. In the United States, this area is usually in the city center downtown. It is here that you can see many huge skyscrapers(摩天 大楼)and office blocks. The people who work here often travel a long way to work each day. Many of them live in the suburbs of the city, far away from the industrial area and the city center. Some suburbs are very pleasant, with nice houses and big gardens. There are usually parks for children to play in and large department stores where you can buy all you need. But what is the future of the big cities? Will they continue to get bigger and bigger? Perhaps not. Some major cities have actually become smaller in the last ten years, and it is quite possible that one day we will see people moving out of the major cities and back into smaller towns and villages. 44．The underlined phrase “a residential area” means an area________. A．where people can buy things B．which is suitable for living in C．where people can do business D．which is near a city center 45．Why do people move to live in cities or towns? A．Because they can live more comfortably there. B．Because they like noisy life better than peaceful life. C．Because they mainly want to find work there. D．Because they are sure of having a better life there. 46．Which of the following statement is NOT true about the business district? A．Big companies usually have their main offices in the business district.