方志敏英雄事迹英文简介

 时间:2019-01-25 13:46:32 贡献者:py幸福天使

导读:方志敏英雄事迹英文简介方志敏,无产阶级革命家、军事家,土地革命战争时期闽浙(皖) 赣革命根据地和红十军团的缔造者。下面是 为你整理的方志敏英雄 事迹英文简介,希望对你有用! 方

方志敏-红色英雄榜
方志敏-红色英雄榜

方志敏英雄事迹英文简介方志敏,无产阶级革命家、军事家,土地革命战争时期闽浙(皖) 赣革命根据地和红十军团的缔造者。

下面是 为你整理的方志敏英雄 事迹英文简介,希望对你有用! 方志敏简介 Fang Zhimin (August 21, 1899 - August 6, 1935), formerly known as far from the town, milk name is Hu, No. Hui Sheng. Jiangxi Shangrao City Yiyang Lacquer Town Lutang Village, the Communist Party of China revolutionaries, politicians, military strategists, outstanding peasantmovement leaders, the land revolution war Fujian and Zhejiang (Anhui) Gan revolutionary base and the Red Army Corps founder. In August 1922 joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League. March 1923 transferred to the Communist Party of China. In January 1928, to participate in the leadership of Yi Heng riots, the creation of northeastern Jiangxi Province. He has served as the chairman of the Soviet government in the northeastern provinces of Fujian, Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces, the Red Army 10, the political commissar of the Red 11 Army, and the secretary of the CPC Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces.1

He combined Marxism with the reality of northeast Jiangxi, created a set of party building, army and the establishment of the red regime of experience, Mao Zedong called "Fang Zhimin" base. Arrested in 1935. In September 2009, Fang Zhimin was selected by the Central Propaganda Department, the Central Organization Department and other 11 departments as "100 for the new China to make outstanding contributions to the hero model." 方志敏人物生平 Childhood August 21, 1899 (Qing Guangxu July 16), Fang Zhimin was born in Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province, Yiyang County, Lizhu Town, Lake Town, a family farming family. He was 8 years old into the private school, 12-year-old will drop out of auxiliary family farming, childhood spent in his hometown. 17 years old with the help of folks into the county high school, in the school to accept the impact of the new cultural movement. Youth The autumn of 1916, Fang Zhimin admitted to the Yiyang County high school learning. In-school organization progress group "nine district youth society". The summer of 1919, and Shao-type organizations to start the organization of Yiyang County primary school students to2

carry out anti-imperialist patriotic struggle. Autumn, was admitted to Jiangxi Province, a provincial industrial school preparatory classes. In 1920, he went to Jiangxi Province to establish a kind of industrial school. For the school student council will be responsible. To the "Republic of China Daily" supplement "consciousness" editor Shao Lizi write a letter to the publication of an article entitled "catch thieves" novel, talked about their own views, by Shao Lizi's appreciation. And in the "Republic of China Daily" supplement "consciousness"published the first prose poem "crying". The spring of 1921, due to lead the school students against corruption education, requiring education reform was dismissed by the school. Soon, joined as the Jiangxi"transformationsociety","NewJiangxi" quarterly main contributor. Autumn, admitted to the church school Jiujiang South Wei Lie University (Tongwen College). Revolutionary movement In the spring of 1922, Fang Zhimin participated in the "non-Christian alliance". July from Jiujiang to3

Shanghai, living in Shao Lizi home, as the "Republic of China Daily" proofreading, and at the Shanghai University. During his stay in Shanghai, Fang Zhimin joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League and wrote the vernacular novel "to seek", published in the"consciousness" supplement. Fang Zhimin stay in Shanghai for a short time, but this is an important turning point in his life. In Shanghai Fang Zhimin found the party organization and the CPC leadership, and met Chen Duxiu, Qu Qiubai, Yun Daiying, to the police to the famous Chinese leaders. In August the same year, according to the organization decided, Fang Zhimin left Shanghai, returned to Nanchang founded "cultural book club", the creation of Jiangxi local organizations to set weekly up activities. for Published Marxist"Youth" propaganda.newspaper,At the beginning of 1923, Fang Zhimin and Zhao Xingyi and others to create the Chinese Socialist Youth League Nanchang local organizations, Jiangxi "civil rights movement alliance" and "Marx doctrinestudy". The vernacular novel "seeking" and4

Lu Xun, Yu Dafu, Ye Shengtao and other famous works of works selected by the Shanghai Novel Research Institute published novel "Yearbook". In March 1924, Fang Zhimin joined the ChineseCommunist Party. Participate in the creation of Jiangxi's party and mission. During the May 30th Movement in 1925, Fang Zhimin participated in the work of "the case of Jiangxi case meeting", and carried out propaganda and agitation work in remote areas. In July, was elected as the Kuomintang Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee Executive Committee and Minister of Agriculture. Back to Yiyang to create the Chinese town of paint workers, the organization "Yiyang Youth Society", published "inch iron" Xunxian. In May 1926, Fang Zhimin attended the second peasant congress in Guangdong Province. In December, he served as secretary general of Jiangxi Provincial Farmers'Association. In February 1927, Fang Zhimin was elected executive director and secretary general of Jiangxi Provincial Farmers Association, led the province's peasant movement into the heyday stage, led the peasant movement, established the5

peasant self-defense army, agricultural association members to more than 80 million. After the March issue of"Ganzhou tragedy", he went to Wuhan to petition the Central Committee of the Kuomintang and the National Government and attended the enlarged meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He was elected as executive committee of the Interim Committee of the All-China Peasant Association, The identity of the special staff to go back to Jiangxi province party and ministerial authority, and in Nanchang founded the Jiangxi peasant movement training classes, organized the farmers self-defense armed. June 5, by the KMT Jiangxi Provincial Government Chairman Zhu Peide "gift" exit, spin the name of Li Xiangsong, went to Jiangxi to inspect the work of the party and the peasant movement. August, "NanchangUprising", the return of Yiyang launched autumn harvest riots, has served as secretary of the Communist Party of China Yiyang, the CPC Hengfeng party secretary. From November to February 1928, with the ecliptic and other organizations led the Yi Heng riots, when the Communist Party of China Yiyang, Hengfeng, Guixi, lead mountain, Shangrao five county work committee secretary and riot commander, Into the Mopan6

Mountains adhere to the struggle. In April 1928, Fang Zhimin was appointed secretary of the Party Committee of the Communist Party of China, and established the second division of the Second Army of the Second Army of the Workers 'and Peasants' Revolutionary Army, and established the Yiyang, the Soviet government of Yungfeng County, the Soviet government Chairman. In June, presided over the convening of Yi, Heng two county county joint meeting, criticized the bombing of the erroneous ideas, to determine the anti-"encirclement and suppression" struggle of the basic strategy. After the meeting, go to Guixi, Bo Yang, years, Dexing, Hukou and other counties, the development of party organizations, the establishment of revolutionary armed forces, organized farmers riots. Fang Zhimin led the rebels to carry out guerrilla warfare, the use of "sound East hit the West to avoid the virtual hit virtual", "eat eat and eat no less than running" and other tactics, a year to repel the Kuomintang army four times "into thesuppression." In 1929, Fang Zhimin was appointed secretary of the CPC Central Committee and secretary of the CPC Guixi county7

party committee, the letter of the Soviet government of the Soviet Union, led the establishment of the Jiangxi Red Army independence first group. In January 1930, he wrote the revolutionary new drama "years of struggle", and in Guixi personally stage performances. In 1930, he was appointed Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Committee of the Government of Jiangsu Province, and the independent group opened its base in the northeastern part of Jiangxi and northern Fujian. Has led the Guixi, thousands of years and other counties of the peasant uprisings, repeatedly smashed the Kuomintang army's local "encirclement and suppression". In July, led the establishment of the Chinese workers and peasants Red Army tenth army. In August, he was elected chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of the Northeast Jiangxi Special Zone. In September, was elected as Jiangxi Northeast Executive Committee Executive Committee, with the Red Army moved to the northeast of Jiangxi. In March 1931, Fang Zhimin was elected chairman of the Soviet government and the chairman of the Cultural Committee of the Northeast. In late March, Renhong 10 army8

political commissar was elected as the Northeast Jiangxi special committee, led his troops to Guixi, Yujiang and northern Fujian, even in the northern Fujian 11 fight, Lien Chan are Jie. In September, was elected the CPC Jiangxi Northeast Provincial Standing Committee. In November, at the first National Congress of Workers, Peasants and Soldiers, he was elected as executive committee member and chairman of the Provisional Central Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic. In the same year was elected as the Chairman and Minister of Finance of the Soviet Government of Northeast Jiangxi Province. In 1932 September, and then any of the Red Army political commissar, led his troops into the north, has captured red rock, Star Village and Pucheng and other places. In December, he served as chairman of the Soviet government of Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces. In 1933 January, the Red Army adapted for the Red Army, part-time political commissar, and the formation of the new red army. In March, the Red Flag Medal of Honor was awarded by the First National Congress of the Provisional Central Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic. In December, he served as secretary of the CPC Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi9

provincial governors, Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi military commander. And resolutely resisted the "left" adventurism guidelines, has led the northeastern Jiangxi and Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces and autonomous regions to carry out anti-"encirclement and with the and central andsuppression" revolutionarystruggle,baseanti-"encirclementsuppression" operations. In January 1934, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was re-elected as a member of the Central Executive Committee and a member of the Central Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. October 1934, as the north of the anti-Japanese advance team to find Huai Chuan red seven regiment arrived in northeastern Jiangxi base area, and Fang Zhimin's red ten army confluence. In early November, the Central MilitaryCommission issued an order, the Red Army and the Red Army co-edited by the Red Army, the local military and political committee chairman, Liu Cunxi Renjun head. In November, the Red Army and the Red Army together with the Red Army for the Red Army, left the northeastern Jiangxi to enter the southern Anhui, when the Chinese workers and peasants Red10

Army northward anti-Japanese advance military and military committee chairman, unified leadership Fujian, Zhejiang and Anhui side party organization and revolutionary armed The In December, the Red Army regiment of the 19th division in the division to find Huaizhou, political commissar Nie Hongjun, who led, from the white sand into the Jingde County. Captured the county government, opened the prison to release the "political prisoners" and innocent people 68. Into the temple, held a mass meeting, propaganda anti-Japanese national salvation, the culprit Dan (John Stam) and some people committed. Captured sacrifice In 1934, by Fang Zhimin, Su Yu led the Red Army northward anti-Japanese advance team, in the Tan town of Wu mud off, Bai Ting, Shimen Kong area by the Kuomintang Wang Yaowu troops to suppress, the army suffered heavy losses. Red Army Corps was led by Wang Yewo led the Kuomintang army surrounded, Fang Zhimin and other legions of the main leaders captured, sacrifice, more than 10,000 people only Su Yu led more than 400 people tight encirclement. January 29, 1935, in Yushan County, Jiangxi Province Huaiyu mountain area captured, prisoners in the Nanchang11

Kuomintang in Jiangxi appeasement office military law detention center, sternly rejected the Kuomintang persuasion, practice their own "hard to die, struggle to death" The oath. August 6, 1935, Comrade Fang Zhimin was secretly killed in Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province under the sand nest, when 36 years old. 方志敏英雄事迹英文简介12

 
 

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