最新-2018届高三英语一轮综合能力训练卷6(安徽专版)精品

 时间:2018-12-04 09:26:31 贡献者:刘玉凤

导读:综合能力训练卷(六)第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项

太原市2018-2019学年第一学期中【高三英语】试卷解析
太原市2018-2019学年第一学期中【高三英语】试卷解析

综合能力训练卷(六)第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. All the organizations involved have sent urgent ________ to government, asking for extra funding. A.appeals B.replies C.consultation D.contracts 2.My father gives me five hundred yuan a month which I think can________ all my expenses. A.meet B.contain C.include D.cover 3.When a new disease breaks out, experts must ________ what to do in the fastest way. A.figure out B.take out C.point out D.make out 4.What a pity! I missed meeting my friend at the airport because my car was ________ in the traffic jam. A.broken up B.held up C.kept back D.kept up 5.Unemployment is on the increase. A growing number of young people, ________, are finding themselves out of work. A.in case B.all in all C.in particular D.as a result 6.It is obvious that talking about something behind others is what everyone will not ________. A.come up with B.put up with C.keep up with D.catch up with 7.The government ________ to the country to pay more attention to A/H1N1 flu. A.appealed B.suggested C.called D.explained 8.Our English teacher is our favorite. She's kind and humorous, but ________, she is strict with us. A.in other words B.on the other hand C.after all D.in all 9.The bell rang and every student had to________their examination papers. A.give up B.give away C.give out D.give in 10.His sacrifices for the country were never officially________, which made all of us feel discouraged. A.acknowledged B.appealed C.recommended D.evaluated 11.—How many people are still leading ________ life under ________ poverty line in the world? —Perhaps one fourth. A.a; the B.a; a C./; / D.the; / 12.The computer system ________ suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.

A.broke down B.broke out C.broke up D.broke in 13.To catch up with the times, we must keep ourselves ________of the current news. A.warned B.informed C.convinced D.accused 14.—What a pleasant ________ these trees give us! —Why not stop and enjoy the cool air? A.shade B.shadow C.picture D.scene 15.—Perhaps we should give up. —Nobody can ________ the change of situation. A.predict B.present C.prepare D.prefer 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

I was tired and hungry after a long day of work. When I walked into the living­room, my 12­year­old son looked up at me and said, “I__16__you.” I did not__17__what to say, and I just stood there, looking__18__at him. My first__19__was that he__20__need help with his homework. Then I asked, “What was that all__21__?” “Nothing,” he said, “My teacher said we should tell our parents we love them and__22__what they say.” The next day I called his teacher to__23__more about what my son said and how the other parents had reacted( 反应). “Most of the fathers had the__24__response as you did,” the teacher said, “When I first__25__that we try this, I asked the children__26__they thought their parents__27__say. Some of them thought their parents would have heart trouble.” Then the teacher__28__, “ I want my students to know that feeling love is an important part of__29__. I'm trying to tell them it's too bad that we don't express our feelings. A boy__30__tell his father or mother he loves him or her.” The teacher understands that sometimes it is__31__for some of us to say something that is good for us to say. That evening when my son__32__to me, I took him in my arms and held on for an__33__moment, saying, “Hey, I love you,__34__.” I don't know if saying that made__35__of us healthier, but it did feel pretty good. 16.A.hate B.love C.like D.enjoy 17.A.realize B.recognize C.know D.find 18.A.away B.for C.down D.on 19.A.thought B.meaning C.news D.reason 20.A.must B.should C.could D.would 21.A.for B.with C.around D.about 22.A.test B.know C.understand D.see 23.A.talk to B.chat with C.find out D.do with 24.A.same B.different C.usual D.unusual 25.A.allowed B.agreed C.planned D.suggested 26.A.how B.whether C.when D.what 27.A.would B.will C.could D.can 28.A.explained B.prepared

C.informed D.developed 29.A.study B.work C.health D.body 30.A.might B.can C.should D.need 31.A.easy B.difficult C.crazy D.silly 32.A.turned B.shouted C.went D.came 33.A.extra B.ordinary C.interesting D.important 34.A.either B.too C.also D.again 35.A.all B.either C.none D.neither 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A Even plants can run a fever, especially when they're under attack by insects or disease. But unlike human, plants can have their temperature taken from 3,000 feet away—straight up. A decade ago, adopting the infrared( 红 外 线 )scanning technology developed for military purposes and other satellites, physicist Stephen Paley came up with a quick way to take the temperature of crops to determine which ones are under stress. The goal was to let farmers precisely target pesticide(杀 虫剂)spraying rather than rain poison on a whole field, which invariably includes plants that don't have pest problems. Even better, Paley's Remote Scanning Services Company could detect crop problems before they became visible to the eye. Mounted on a plane flown at 3,000 feet at night, an infrared scanner measured the heat emitted by crops. The data were transformed into a colour­coded map showing where plants were running “fevers”. Farmers could then spot­spray, using 50 to 70 percent less pesticide than they otherwise would. The bad news is that Paley's company closed down in 1984, after only three years. Farmers resisted the new technology and long­term backers were hard to find. But with the renewed concern about pesticides on produce, and refinements in infrared scanning, Paley hopes to get back into operation. Agriculture experts have no doubt the technology works. “This technique can be used on 75 percent of agricultural land in the United States, ” says George Oerther of Texas A & M. Ray Jackson, who recently retired from the Department of Agriculture, thinks remote infrared crop scanning could be adopted by the end of the decade. But only if Paley finds the financial backing which he failed to obtain 10 years ago. 36.Plants will send out an increased amount of heat when they are________. A.facing an infrared scanner B.sprayed with pesticides C.in poor physical condition D.exposed to excessive sun rays 37.In order to apply pesticide spraying precisely, we can use infrared scanning to________. A.estimate the damage to the crops B.draw a colour­coded map C.measure the size of the affected area D.locate the problem area 38.Farmers can save a considerable amount of pesticide by________. A.resorting to spot­spraying B.transforming poisoned rain

C.consulting infrared scanning experts D.detecting crop problems at an early stage 39.The application of infrared scanning technology to agriculture met with some difficulties—________. A.its high cost B.the lack of official support C.the lack of financial support D.its failure to help increase production B Nuclear­powered aircraft carriers are considered one of the most important marine weapons in the 20th century. So far, only two countries in the world, the USA and France, have ever produced them. But these fearful fighting machines are about to enter Asia. The US Navy said last month that one of its nine nuclear­powered aircraft carriers will be sent to Japan to replace the diesel(柴油)­powered carrier Kitty Hawk in 2018. In an agreement on October 30, the two countries also planned to level up their military (军事的) cooperation and the USA called for Japan to take a larger role in alliance military moves. It will be the first time that a nuclear­powered carrier is based in Japan. Bombed by US forces in World War Ⅱ at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan is the only world country to have been attacked by a nuclear weapon. Therefore, the citizens are highly sensitive to where nuclear­powered weapons are based. “A radiation leak at Yokosuka would kill 100,000 people as far away as Tokyo, and could cause billions of dollars in damage,” said Masahiko Goto, leader of a protest group in Yokosuka. His group has collected more than 300,000 signatures of people across Japan opposed to the nuclear carrier. The 44­year­old Kitty Hawk, the US Navy's oldest active ship, has been based in Yokosuka since 1998. It had returned to the US to be decommissioned in 2018. The new carrier, yet to be unveiled,_will travel faster, be capable of supporting longer operations and carry with it the Navy's most modern technology. Experts pointed that this change is not only to strengthen the US­Japan military alliance but also to keep the military power of China and North Korea within limits. However, even Japanese experts don't believe that the two countries are threats to the region. “There is no need for Japan to have a nuclear carrier as defense,” said Tetsuo Maeda, an international relations professor at Tokyo International University. He said that the change of ship indicates an increased military capability in the region, much more than what is needed. 40 . With such a formidable weapon to enter its country, Japanese citizens ________. A.are aware of its benefits to the country B.are anxious about its potential danger C.are curious about the advanced technology D.are against where the carrier will be based 41.The replacement of the aircraft carrier is intended to________. A.set up a kind of base in Japan B.strengthen the US­Japan military alliance C.show Japan's greater military capability D.get rid of the dated marine weapon 42.From the story, we learn that________.

A.no other countries except the USA and France possess aircraft carriers B.Japan has long planned to increase its military capability with new weapons C.Japan will be the first country in Asia to have a nuclear aircraft carrier D.Japan will be the third country to produce a nuclear­powered aircraft carrier 43 . The underlined word “unveiled” in the fifth paragraph probably means________. A.perfected B.discussed about C.produced D.brought to view C China_is_going_green. In order to reduce air pollution and oil­shortages, automobile manufacturers have announced their plans to develop hybrid vehicles (混 合燃料汽车) for the Chinese market. Toyota's hybrid car Prius will be ready to drive in China this week. Let's have a look at the new car. Any vehicle is a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Hybrid cars run off a rechargeable battery and gasoline. Hybrid cars have special engines, which are smaller than traditional gasoline engines. They run at 99 percent of their power when the car is cruising ( 匀速行驶 ). A specially designed battery motor provides extra power for running up hills or when extra acceleration is needed. Step into a Prius, and turn on the engine. The first thing you notice is how much quieter it is than a traditional car. At this point, the car's gasoline engine is dormant (休眠). The electric motor will provide power until the car reaches about 24 km/h. If you stay at a low speed, you are effectively driving an electric car, with no gasoline being used, and no waste gas gives off. The onboard(车载的) computer makes the decision about when to use a gas engine, when to go electric, and when to use a combination of the two. If you go over 24 km/h, when you step on the gas pedal (油门), you are actually telling the computer how fast you want to go. The electronic motor recharges automatically using a set of batteries. When driving at high speed, the gasoline engine not only powers the car, but also charges the batteries. Any time you use the brake, the electric motor in the wheels will work like a generator and produce electricity to recharge the batteries. As a consequence, the car's batteries will last for around 200,000 miles. 44.The author writes this passage mainly to________. A.teach people how to drive a hybrid car B.introduce a new kind of “green” car C.show how to save their gasoline when driving a car D.announce plans to develop hybrid vehicles for China 45.The first sentence probably refers to ________. A.there will be more and more green land in China B.China is still young and lacking experience C.China's new cars are combinations of different green models D.China has started producing environmentally friendly cars 46.Which of the followings is NOT true? A.The hybrid cars reduce air pollution and oil­shortages. B.The car's gasoline engine doesn't work until it reaches about 24 km/h. C.This kind of car is completely controlled by an onboard computer. D.A specially designed battery motor provides extra power when needed. 47.What is the most important feature of hybrid cars? A.They are powered by both a rechargeable battery and gasoline. B.They are much quieter than traditional cars. C.They only use 99 percent of their power to run up hills.

 
 

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