时间:2018-10-05 01:03:37 贡献者:likeleeyang

导读:英语复习资料 一. 选择题1. I am not very familiar with botanical names, which are beyond the scope of my study. 2. I had to decline Jack’s invitation to the party because it conflicted with an important business meeting. 3. After working


英语复习资料 一. 选择题1. I am not very familiar with botanical names, which are beyond the scope of my study. 2. I had to decline Jack’s invitation to the party because it conflicted with an important business meeting. 3. After working for twenty hours without any rest, the doctors were exhausted. 4. Since I was not interested in the topic, it was such a boring speech for me that I fell asleep. 5. He always objects to everything and never agrees with anybody. 6. Only when your identity has been checked, will you be allowed in. 7. After the ex-manager resigned, Fred was appointed to the vacant post. 8. Had he gone to the doctor right away, he might have been alive today. 9. Contrary to all our expectations, he’s found a well-paid job and a nice girlfriend. 10. Criticism and self-criticism is necessary in that it helps us to find and correct our mistakes. 11. I regret to inform you that your son has been turned in to the police for breaking the street lights 12. Celina’s parents are Spanish by birth, but they have British citizenship. 13. One of the requirements for a fire is that the material be heated to its burning temperature. 14.Selling fried chicken at the night market doesn’t seem to be a decent business, but it is actually quite profitable. 15. Learning languages is a long,gradual process with ups and downs and it is too easy just to give up. 16. People who live in small towns often seem more friendly than those living in densely populated areas. 17.It has been reported that some officials abuse their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves 18. How to solve the problem will be discussed at the meeting tomorrow. 19. The speech was so boring for me that I fell asleep. 20. He resolved to study harder so that he could have more opportunities to find a good job. 21. Why you asked him for help instead of Jim still puzzles me. 22. Make sure that the name on the envelope corresponds with the name on the letter inside. 23. It’s stupid of you to lose your temper when you ought to reinforce your argument. 24. As I did so, it occurred to me how rare the Sunday visit has become. 25. Careful planning and hard work will ensure our final success. 26. When a spacecraft travels, one of the major problems is the reentry into the Earth’satmosphere. 27. Though she was pretty, what I especially remember was her eloquence. 28.Whoever has broken the window, I’ll take him to his parents 29. It is taken into granted that everyone is equal before the law. 30. First published in 1927, the chart remains an indispensable source for researchers. 二 阅读理解 Passage 1 When a consumer finds that an item she or he bought is faulty or in some other way does not live up to the manufacturer ’s claims, the first step is to present the warranty, or any other records which might help, at the store of purchase. In most cases, this action will produce results. However, if it does not, there are various means the consumer may use to gain satisfaction. A simple and common method used by many consumers is to complain directly to the store manager. In general, the “higher up” his or her complaint, the faster he or she can expect it to be settled. In such a case, it is usually settled in the consumer’s favor, assuming he or she has a just claim. Consumers should complain in person whenever possible, but if they cannot get to the place of purchase, it is acceptable to phone or write the complaint in a letter. Complaining is usually most effective when it is done politely but firmly, and especially when the consumer can demonstrate what is wrong with the item in question. If this cannot be done, the consumer will succeed best by presenting specific information as to what is wrong, rather than by making general statements. For example, “The left speaker does not work at all and the sound coming out of the right one is unclear,” is better than “This stereo does not work”. The sore manager may advice the consumer to write to the manufacturer. If so, the consumer should do this, stating the complaint as politely and firmly as possible. If a polite complaint does not achieve the desired result, the consumer can go a step further. He or she can threaten to take the seller to court or report the seller to a private or public organization responsible for protecting the consumer’s rights. 1 When a consumer finds the item he or she bought faulty, the first thing he or she should do is to _____. A. complain personally to the manager B. threaten to take the matter to court C. write a firm letter of complaint to the store of purchase D. show some written proof of the purchase to the store 2 How can a consumer make his or her complaint more effective, according to the

passage? A. Explain exactly what is wrong with the item. B. Threaten to take the seller to court. C. Make polite and general statements about the problem. D. Avoid having direct contact with the store manager. 3. According to the passage, which of the following is suggested as the last alternative that consumers may turn to? A. Complain to the store manager in person. B. Complain to the manufacturer. C. Write a complaint letter to the manager. D. Turn to the Consumers’ Rights Protection Organization for help. 4. The phrase “live up to” in this context means _____. A. meet the standard of B. realize the purpose of C. Fulfill the demands of D. keep the promise of 5. The passage tells us _____. A. how to settle a consumer’s complaint about a faulty item B. how to make an effective complaint about a faulty item C. how to avoid buying a faulty item D. how to deal with complaints from customersPassage 2 You’ve no doubt heard people say how much they “need” a holiday, when what they really mean is that they want one. Certainly, people working under pressure feel a very strong desire to escape from work and become less tight during their holidays, and experience a changed environment. For this reason, holidays away from home are now seen by most people as necessary to their quality life. However, work for many people today is mental, rather than physical. These people may seek much more energy-taking activities while on holiday, rather than simply lying on a beach. Once people become used to going on holiday, taking holidays becomes a habit. Even in a recession, for many people the holiday is one of the last things to be given up, and indeed many workers have chosen to spend some of their last pay when being laid off on a holiday, perhaps to give themselves a “lift” before facing a gloomy future. Perhaps we don’t like to admit it, but most of us also enjoy showing off about the places we have been tom and the lovely tans --- dark skins we have got. The idea of tanning,however, is becoming less attractive than it was. So many tourists are now able to afford holidays in the sun that tans have become quite common; and although we join a tan together with health (and it is true that a certain amount of sunshine gives us a feeling of being healthy), it has been fully shown that sunshine, especially when received over a short, focused period of time, result in high danger of skin problems, as well as drying out one’s skin and leading to more lines on your face later in life. 1 More and more people choose to have holidays because they ___. A. hate working indoors all the time B. want to get away from work C. love enjoying the beauties of nature D. become rich and want a better life 2 What do office people often do when they have holidays? A. They lie in the beach and enjoy sunshine. B. They spend more than they can afford. C. They think about their work on the beach. D. They choose to do more physical exercise. 3 A holiday may ___ when one has to face some difficulties in life. A. cheer someone up B. help someone find a job. C. be the last thing to give up. D. bring good luck to someone. 4 What does the writer try to tell the reader at the end of the passage? A. The importance of getting sunshine. B. The bad effects of being on holiday. C. The result of getting suntanned. D. The healthy look of being tanned. 5 From the passage we learned that some people cannot live without ___. A. a tan B. a job C. a pay D. a holiday三.完形填空From Monday until Friday, most people are busy working or studying, but in the evenings and on weekends they are free to relax and enjoy themselves. Some watch television or go to the cinema, others take part in sports. It depends on individual interests. There are many different ways to spend our spare time. Almost everyone has some kind of hobby. It may be anything from collecting stamps

to making model airplanes. Some hobbies are very expensive, but others are valuable only to their owners. I know a man who has a coin collection worth several thousand dollars. A short time ago, he bought a rare fifty-cent piece worth $250! He was very happy about his purchase and thought the price was low. On the other hand, my younger brother collects match boxes. He has almost 600 of them, but I doubt if they are worth any money. However, to my brother they are extremely valuable. Nothing makes him happier than to find a new match box for his collection. That’s what a hobby means, I guess. It is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the fun of it. The value in dollars is not important, but the pleasure it gives us is.The dictionary tells us an absent-minded person is so busy with his thought that he does not notice other things that are happening, or the thing that he is doing. Professor Egghead is one of the absent-minded ones. Wearing his glasses on his nose, he often asks himself, “Where did I put my glasses?” One afternoon when he came back home, he said with pride to his wife, “Look! I haven’t forgotten to bring my umbrella home with me today.” But his wife, bursting into laughter, said, “ You didn’t take your own umbrella with you this morning.” Last Sunday, Professor Egghead was walking at the railway station with his two friends. They were deep in conversation. The train had just moved, but they didn’t notice it. Then the guard shouted, “Take your seats, please!” The three heard the guard and rushed to the train. Two of them got on the train while it moved. The third one was left behind. It was Professor Egghead. He looked sad. One of the professor ’s students happened to be at the station. He tried to comfort the professor. “It wasn’t really bad, sir,” said the student. “Two out of three caught the train. That’s quite good, you know.” “I know,” the professor said. “But it was my train. My friends came to see me off.”7 由吸引力的,引起注意的 attractive 8 救援,解救 rescue n. 9 积极的,肯定的 positive 10 把……排除在外 exclude 11 认出,识别 identify 12 捕获 capture 13 智慧,才智 wisdom 14 现在的,目前的 current 15 财富 wealth 16 保持,维持 maintain 17 虚拟的 virtual 18 特征, 特点 feature 19 自觉有罪的,内疚的 guilty 20 展示,陈列 display五.英汉/汉英互译。

1. 尽管我向他请求了好几次,他拒绝帮助我。

He refused to help me, despite the fact that I had asked him several times.2 至于政治,我一无所知。

When it comes politics, I know nothing.3 如果你告诉我你的问题了,我会帮你的。

If you had told me about your problem, I would have helped you. 4 不可能掩盖生意不景气的事实。

It is impossible to disguise the fact that the business is not prosperous. 5 如果她把地图研究的再仔细些,她就不会走错路了。

She could not have taken the wrong way, if she had studied the road map more carefully. 6 我们刚安顿下来就被邀请参加晚会。

No sooner had we settled down than we were invited to a party.四 根据首字母提示,翻译下列词汇。

1 2 3 4 5 6 宣传,推销 promote 关心,忧虑 concern 消费者 consumer 以前的 previous 好奇心 curiosity 机会 opportunity

7 A low carbon lifestyle is easy and fun, good for the planet, and improves your quality of life .低碳生活简单又有趣,有利于地球,而且能提高人们的生活质量。

8 We are complaining partly out of ignorance, and partly because we think changing might make us happy. 我们在抱怨,部分是出于无知,部分是由于我们以为改变会让我们不快乐。

9 Carbon dioxide goes into the atmosphere and forms a blanket over the earth, warming it up. 二氧化碳进入大气层,覆盖地球上空,使地球变暖。

10 Much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. 追寻我的好奇和直觉,我所驻足的大部分事物后来看来都成了无价之宝。