有关体育的英语

 时间:2011-11-16 16:35:16 贡献者:yu618love

导读:英语体育新闻的词汇特点1.大量带有娱乐色彩、口语化的词语运用 .大量带有娱乐色彩、 喜爱追捧体育的大多是年轻人,也是体育新闻报刊杂志的购买主力军,为迎 合他们的需要,现在的

有关体育的英语
有关体育的英语

英语体育新闻的词汇特点1.大量带有娱乐色彩、口语化的词语运用 .大量带有娱乐色彩、 喜爱追捧体育的大多是年轻人,也是体育新闻报刊杂志的购买主力军,为迎 合他们的需要,现在的体育新闻报道用词越来越娱乐化、口语化。

晦涩难懂的评 论被关注的程度越来越少。

我们以美国 ESPN 体育报道网站的一则篮球新闻为 例: Houston Rockets will take their lumps soon because they have little experience of postseason(休斯顿火箭队将很快被踢出局,因为他们缺乏季后赛的经验)。

此句中,take lumps 是美国口语中失败、遇到困难的意思。

再看一则足球新闻: Manchester United beat Arsenal pants off in the first leg of European Cup 曼联在第 ( 一回合欧洲杯的比赛中羞辱阿森那) Beat the pants off 是很口语化的一句表达, 。

意思是取得大胜,羞辱对手。

2 大量体育项目专业性词汇的使用 英语体育新闻的报道中会出现很多体育词汇,因此它有一定的受众群体,就 是体育迷们,他们对于各种项目的体育专业词汇了如指掌。

对于不太了解这个体 育项目的人阅读起来就有一定的困难。

以一篇篮球新闻为例:While Nowitzki's ninth season wasn't his highest scoring, it was his most accurate He set career highs in shooting percentage on field goals (50 2) 3 pointers (41 6) and free throws (90 , 4); no other player in the league topped 50, 40 and 90 percent.season 原意是季节, 而在篮球、排球、足球等项目中表示赛季,即球队在通常一年时间内打比赛的时 间总和,career highs 这里是职业生涯最高的意思,是一种统计数据,而 shooting percentage (命中率)、field goals (二分球)、3—pointer(三分球)、free throw (罚球) 等词汇都带有鲜明的运动色彩。

整句话的意思是:诺威斯基的第九个 赛季是他命中率最高而不是得分最高的赛季,其中两分球命中率达到了 50 2%, 三分球 41 6%, 罚球 90 4%都是职业生涯最高, 也是联赛中所有运动员中最高的。

篮球的专业术语还有很多如: air—ball (三不沾) air—pass (空中传球) block 、 、 (盖帽)、cover (掩护)、defense (防守)、steal (抢断)、dunking(扣篮)、 charging(撞人犯规 )、violation(违例)、transition(快攻) travel(走步)等 等, 这些词汇在运动领域有独特的意思。

英语体育新闻的语气特色 1.介绍性、陈述性的语气 .介绍性、陈述性的语气 体育新闻不仅仅是写给体育迷们看的,更是面向广大非专业人士,所以介绍 性、陈述性的语气在新闻句中随处可见。

例如:Weight lifting is an Olympic sport, consisting of two lifts: the snatch and the clean and jerk . Each competitor is allowed three attempts in each lift. The sum of the lifter's best snatch and best clean and jerk is the lifter's total (举重是奥运项目,包括抓举和挺举两个单项。

在每个单项中, 每位选手可以试举 3 次, 选手们在抓举和挺举比赛中的最好成绩加起来就是选手 的总成绩)。

Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net (排球是奥运会比赛项目,两只队伍被高网分开使用手臂或身体的 其他部位将球轮流击打过网)。

2. 对抗性、好奇性的语气 . 对抗性、 在体育新闻报道中, 体育记者通常会使用对抗性气息浓厚的语句来烘托大赛 前的紧张气氛。

例如:在一篇马刺队战胜爵士队的篮球英文报道中,我们看到了 如下的语气:With three NBA championship flags high above the court, and many of the key players from those title teams in the lineup, the San Antonio Spurs opened the Western Conference finals like a team ready to add to their collection(三面 NBA 总 冠军的旗帜高高飘扬在马刺队的主场,西部联盟冠军之站拉开帷幕,爵士队先失 一局,似乎准备再给马刺的冠军收藏柜中添一个奖杯)。

这句报道中,两只队伍 激烈对抗的气氛被渲染地恰倒好处。

英语体育新闻的句型特色 英语体育新闻中的句型丰富多彩,生动活泼,字里行间凸显了运动的魅力。

现就不同体裁的体育新闻中常用的句型分析如下: (1)省略句,通常出现在报道性文章的标题中,如 One for the Liverpool 简 简四个单词却把意思表达的清楚明白: 利物浦队先胜一局, 系动词通常被省略掉。

Williams charged with assault, 威联姆斯被指控袭击他人,也是省略了 Be 动词。

需要补充的是:在英语体育新闻的标题中,时态通常都是一般现在时,以显示运 动的时刻进行的特点。

(2) 祈使句, 通常出现体育评论性文章的标题中,吸引读者的注意,引 发读者对某一体育事件的思考。

例如:Take your base, coach Bill( Bill 教练,该 你上垒了) ,实际暗指 Bill 教练该带领队伍出成绩了。

Go awards or go home (获 奖或是回家)! 一看这篇文章就是督促球队出好成绩的。

(3)比较长的陈述句,通常出现在详细体育新闻报道的段落中间,使读者 更清楚地了解比赛过程。

如介绍比赛情况的:Tim Duncan, Manu Ginobili and Tony Parker were terrific for three quarters, then good enough at the end to carry San Antonio to a 108—100 victory over the upstart Utah Jazz on Sunday( 邓肯,吉诺比利和帕克各自在前三 节比赛中发挥出色,然后合力在第四节发挥出色,确保马刺队以 108—100 取得 比赛胜利)。

奥运历史The Olympic Games are believed to have begun more than 3,000 years ago, although written records only exist from 776 BC.

The records show that these Games consisted of activities that were the skills of soldiers, like boxing, javelin throwing and marathon running. At just over 26 miles (or 42 kilometres) long, the marathon is the longest race run in the Games. It is named after the site of a battle in ancient Greece. According to legend a Greek messenger ran from Marathon to Athens legend, to bring news of the Greek victory and died of exhaustion just after giving his message. The ancient Olympic Games continued for nearly 1,200 years until the Roman Emperor, Theodosius I, abolished the Games because of their pagan influences. influences About 1,500 years later, in 1894, the Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, helped to re-establish the Games. He also created the structure of the modern Olympic Movement Movement. Nowadays the aim of the Olympic Movement is to promote peace, friendship and understanding between different nations through sport sport. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Greece in 1896. Just over 200 men, representing 14 countries, competed in a total of 43 events. Winners received a silver medal, a certificate and a crown of olive leaves. RunnersRunners-up were given bronze medals and a crown of laurel, while those who finished third went home empty-handed empty-handed. The Olympic Games are held every four years with one country being responsible for the organisation of the event. There is often fierce competition to be the host city. In 2008, Beijing hosts the Games and in 2012 they will be held in London.the site of a battle the place where a battle happened legend a very old story that may be based on facts exhaustion the state of being so tired that you have no energy left abolished stopped

pagan influences being affected by beliefs that are not connected with any of the main religions of the world Movement a group of people who share the same ideas or opinions aim an aim is something that a person or group of people want to achieve through sport if you do something through another thing, you use that thing to achieve another. Here, the Olympic Movement is using sport to promote peace between nations runnersrunners-up here, the people who come second in a race or game. Usually a runner-up is a person or team who do not finish first but do win a prize a crown a circular ornament for the head, usually made of gold and jewels which kings and queens wear at official ceremonies emptywent home empty-handed did not receive anything. This phrase is used here to show the difference between the early Games and the new Games where people who finish in third place receive a bronze medal迈克· 迈克·乔丹精选语录I can accept failure. but I can't accept not trying. 我可以接受失败,但我无法接受从不去尝试。

I'm back. 我回来了。

I play to win, whether during practice or a real game. And I will not let anything get in the way of me and my competitive enthusiasm to win. 不论是在练习或是真正比赛,我打球就是要获胜。

我不会让任何事情阻碍我,我 有着狂热的竞赛求赢心理。

I've always believed that if you put in the work, the results will come. I don't do things half-heartedly (半心半意). Because I know if I do, then I can expect (預期) half-hearted results. I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed. 我一生中有多次的挫败,但这却是我成功的原因。

I've missed (错过) more than 9000 shots (投篮) in my career (职业生涯中). I've lost (输掉) almost 300 games. 26 times, I've been trusted (信赖) to take the game winning shot and missed. I've reached the pinnacle of my career. I just feel that I don't have anything else to prove. 我已到达生涯的顶点。

我只是觉得没有什么其他的可证明了。

If someone gets the best of me, I try not to let that happen again. 如果有人超越我,我试着不让它再发生。

If you accept the expectations of others, especially negative ones, then you never will change the outcome. 如果你接受別人的期待,尤其是负面的预期,那你绝不会想去改变结果。

If you're trying to achieve (有所成就), there will be roadblocks (路障). I've had them; everybody has had them. But obstacles (障礙物) don't have to stop you. If you run into a wall, don't turn around (掉头) and give up. Figure out (弄清楚) how to climb it, go through it, or work around it. Just play. Have fun. Enjoy the game. Life is often compared to a marathon, but I think it is more like being a sprinter; long stretches of hard work punctuated by brief moments in which we are given the opportunity to perform at our best. 人生常被比喻为马拉松,但是我认为人生比较像短跑员,长期努力工作一段时间 后,在短暫的瞬间內有机会表现出自己的极致。

My attitude is that if you push me towards something that you think is a weakness, then I will turn that perceived weakness into a strength. 我的人生态度是:你若一直攻击我的弱点,那我会將此被觉察到的短处转变成优 点。

My body could stand the crutches but my mind couldn’t stand the sideline. 我的身体可以忍受靠著拐杖行走,但我的內心无法忍受不能上场比賽。

Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence wins championships. 天赋才能贏得比賽,但团队合作与智慧贏得冠軍。

The game is my wife. It demands loyalty and responsibility, and it gives me back fulfillment and peace. 球賽像是我的老婆。

需要对她忠诚与负责任,而她则会回报我自我实现的满足感 与平静。

The game will never be the same. 沒有一场球赛是相同的。

There is only one person who can define success in your life -- and that's you. 只有一个人能界定你一生的成就 – 那就是你自己。

To be successful you have to be selfish (自私), or else (否则) you never achieve (成 就). And once (一旦) you get to your highest level (水平;等级), then you have to be unselfish (大公无私). Stay (保持) reachable (平易近人). Stay in touch. Don't isolate (孤立). When I step onto the court,I'm ready to play. If you're going up against (对抗) me, you'd better be ready. If you're not going to compete,l will dominate (主宰) you.有关运动的单词1.体操 gymnastics 2 . 游泳 swimming (crawl 爬泳 、 breaststroke 蛙式 、 backstroke 仰式 、 自由式、 蝶泳、 混合泳) freestyle 自由式、butterfly (stroke) 蝶泳、medley relay 混合泳) 4.举重 3.跳水 diving 4.举重 weightlifting basketball 5.棒球 baseball 6.篮球 basketball 7.排球 volleyball 8. 乒乓球 table tennis/ 台球 snooker 10. 9.足球 soccer 10.golf 高尔夫球 11. 12. 11.板球 cricket 12.垒球 softball 13. 14. 13.网球 tennis 14.羽毛球 badminton 15. 16.曲棍球 15.手球 handball 16.曲棍球 hockey/ ice hockey 冰球 17.rugby 橄榄球 18. 赛艇 canoe 20. 19. sailing 帆船运动 20.冲浪 surfing 21. 22. 21.自行车 cycling 22.击剑 fencing 23. 24. 23.摔交 wrestling 24.拳击 boxing 25. 26. 25.射箭 archery 26.射击 shooting 27. 28. 27.柔道 judo 28.田径 track and field 29. 30.跑步 29.慢跑 jogging 30.跑步 running (美作 美作:broad 31. skiing 滑雪 /skating 32. 跳远 long jump (美作:broad jump) 33. 三级跳 triple jump, hop step and jump 34. 撑竿跳 pole vault 35. 投掷运动 throwing 35. 竞走 walk 36.horizontal bar 单杠 37.parallel bars 双杠 教练, manager 经纪人 instructor 教练,技术指导 guide 领队 trainer 助理教练 (网球 棒球) 网球. referee, umpire (网球.棒球)裁判 (橄榄球 橄榄球) linesman, touch judge (橄榄球)裁判 contestant, competitor, player 运动员 业余运动员, professional 职业运动员 amateur 业余运动员,爱好者 enthusiast, fan 迷,爱好者 美作:favorite) favorite 可望取胜者 (美作:favorite) outsider 无取胜希望者 冠军赛, championship 冠军赛,锦标赛

champion 冠军 record 纪录 record holder 纪录创造者 Olympics Olympic Games, Olympics 奥林匹克运动会 Winter Olympics 冬季奥林匹克运动会 stadium 运动场 ring 圈 team, side 队track 跑道 ground, field 场地足球 football场地名称篇 field / pitch 足球场 midfield 中场 backfield 后场 kickoff circle / center circle 中圈 halfway line 中线 touchline / sideline 边线 goal line 球门线 end line 底线 penalty mark (点球)罚球点 penalty area 禁区(罚球区) goal area 小禁区(球门区) 球队称谓篇 coach 教练 head coach 主教练 football player 足球运动员 referee 裁判 lineman 巡边员 captain / leader 队长 forward / striker 前锋 midfielder 前卫 left midfielder 左前卫 right midfielder 右前卫 attacking midfielder 攻击型前卫(前腰) defending midfielder 防守型前卫(后腰) center forward 中锋 full back 后卫 center back 中后卫

left back 左后卫 right back 右后卫 sweeper 清道夫,拖后中卫 goalkeeper / goalie 守门员 cheer team 拉拉队 足球技术篇 kick-off 开球 bicycle kick / overhead kick 倒钩球 chest-high ball 半高球 corner ball / corner 角球 goal kick 球门球 handball 手球 header 头球 penalty kick 点球 place kick 定位球 own goal 乌龙球 hat-trick 帽子戏法 free kick 任意球 direct free kick 直接任意球 indirect free kick 间接任意球 stopping 停球 chesting 胸部停球 pass 传球 short pass 短传 long pass 长传 cross pass 横传 spot pass 球传到位 consecutive passes 连续传球 take a pass 接球 triangular pass 三角传球 flank pass 边线传球 lobbing pass 高吊传球 volley pass 凌空传球 slide tackle 铲球 rolling pass / ground pass 地滚球 flying header 跳起顶球 clearance kick 解围 shoot 射门 close-range shot 近射 long shot 远射 offside 越位 throw-in 掷界外球 block tackle 正面抢截

body check 阻挡 fair charge 合理冲撞 diving header 鱼跃顶球 dribbling 盘球,带球 clean catching (守门员)接高球 finger-tip save (守门员)托救球 offside 越位 deceptive movement 假动作 break through 突破 kick-out 踢出界 足球战术篇 set the pace 掌握进攻节奏 ward off an assault 击退一次攻势 break up an attack 破坏一次攻势 disorganize the defence 搅乱防守 total football 全攻全守足球战术 open football 拉开的足球战术 off-side trap 越位战术 wing play 边锋战术 time wasting tactics 拖延战术 4-3-3 formation 433 阵型 4-4-2 formation 442 阵型 beat the offside trap 反越位成功 foul 犯规 technical foul 技术犯规 break loose 摆脱 control the midfield 控制中场 set a wall 筑人墙 close-marking defence 盯人防守比赛方式篇 half-time interval 中场休息 round robin 循环赛 group round robin 小组循环赛 extra time 加时赛 elimination match 淘汰赛 injury time 伤停补时 golden goal / sudden death 金球制,突然死亡法 eighth-final 八分之一决赛 quarterfinal 四分之一决赛 semi-final 半决赛 final match 决赛

preliminary match 预赛 one-sided game 一边倒的比赛 competition regulations 比赛条例 disqualification 取消比赛资格 match ban 禁赛命令 doping test 药检 draw / sortition 抽签 send a player off 判罚出场 red card 红牌 yellow card 黄牌 goal 球门,进球数 draw 平局 goal drought 进球荒 ranking 排名(名次)羽毛球 badmintonracket a racket (also: racquet) a long handle with an oval frame, used in sports like tennis or badminton for hitting the ball or shuttlecockstrings strings a set of thin cords or strings which are stretched between the sides of the frame of a racket graphite a light carbon material used in the manufacture of rackets, but also in the middle of pencils

a shuttlecock the small light object with a rounded end to which real or artificial feathers are fixed and which is hit over the net in badmintonfeathers soft light fluff which covers a bird's body; each feather consists of a long thin central part with hair-like material along each side a court an area marked out on the ground which is used for playing sports such as badminton or tennisa net a rectangular piece of material made from string which is used to separate the two sides in sports such as badminton or tennis singles a game, especially in badminton or tennis, played between only one player on one side and one on the other

doubles a game of badminton or a similar sport, played between two players on one side and two on the other mixed doubles a game of badminton or a similar sport, in which each team consists of one female and one male player奥运历史The Olympic Games are believed to have begun more than 3,000 years ago, although written records only exist from 776 BC. The records show that these Games consisted of activities that were the skills of soldiers, like boxing, javelin throwing and marathon running. At just over 26 miles (or 42 kilometres) long, the marathon is the longest race run in the Games. It is named after the site of a battle in ancient Greece. According to legend a Greek messenger ran from Marathon to Athens legend, to bring news of the Greek victory and died of exhaustion just after giving his message. The ancient Olympic Games continued for nearly 1,200 years until the Roman Emperor, Theodosius I, abolished the Games because of their pagan pagan influences. influences About 1,500 years later, in 1894, the Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, helped to re-establish the Games. He also created the structure of the modern Olympic Movement Movement. Nowadays the aim of the Olympic Movement is to promote peace, friendship and understanding between different nations through sport sport. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Greece in 1896. Just over 200 men, representing 14 countries, competed in a total of 43 events. Winners received a silver medal, a certificate and a crown of olive leaves. RunnersRunners-up were given bronze medals and a crown of laurel, while those who finished third went home empty-handed empty-handed. The Olympic Games are held every four years with one country being responsible for the organisation of the event. There is often fierce competition to be the host city. In 2008, Beijing hosts the Games and in 2012 they will be held in London.

the site of a battle the place where a battle happened legend a very old story that may be based on facts exhaustion exhaustion the state of being so tired that you have no energy left abolished stopped pagan influences being affected by beliefs that are not connected with any of the main religions of the world Movement a group of people who share the same ideas or opinions aim an aim is something that a person or group of people want to achieve through sport if you do something through another thing, you use that thing to achieve another. Here, the Olympic Movement is using sport to promote peace between nations runnersrunners-up here, the people who come second in a race or game. Usually a runner-up is a person or team who do not finish first but do win a prize a crown a circular ornament for the head, usually made of gold and jewels which kings and queens wear at official ceremonies emptywent home empty-handed did not receive anything. This phrase is used here to show the difference between the early Games and the new Games where people who finish in third place receive a bronze medal

 
 

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