小学英语语法总结及练习题

 时间:2018-04-03 03:23:00 贡献者:snowflying2001

导读:小学英语语法总结及练习一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅

小学英语语法和练习题.doc
小学英语语法和练习题.doc

小学英语语法总结及练习一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母 y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives,leaf——leaves 5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth fish-fish, deer-deer, sheep-sheep, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese写出下列各词的复数I _________ day________ peach______ man______ him _________ foot________ sandwich ______ woman_______ this ___________ her ______ photo ________ book_______ box_______ dish_______ diary ______ dress ________ strawberry _____ bus_______ watch _______ child _______ tooth_______ sheep ______二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍: 【No. 1】一般现在时的功能 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。

如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。

如:I get up at six every day.我天天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。

如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成: 1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。

如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词( 其它)。

如:We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。

如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

【No. 2】一般现在时的变化 1. be 动词的变化。

否定句:主语+be not+其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be+主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 非凡疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+don't( doesn't )+ 动词原形( 其它)。

如:I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。

如:He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does )+主语+动词原形+其它。

如: - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。

如: - Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 动词 s 的变化规则: 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks 2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以“辅音字母 y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies一般现在时用法专练:一、写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink ________ look _________ come________ study_______ wash_______ 二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays? 7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. 19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? go _______ have_______ watch______ stay ________ make ________ pass_______ carry ________ teach_______ plant_______ fly _________brush________ do_________

- It’s Saturday 三、现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现 阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为:be+动词 ing. 3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:特殊疑问词+be+主语+动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为:特殊疑问词+be+动词 ing? 动词加 ing 的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking 2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting 3.假如末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing, 如:run-running, stop-stopping现在进行时专项练习:一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play________ run__________ swim _________make__________ go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________ 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空: 1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . 3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now. 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now? 5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson . 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now. 7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom . 8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music. 9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now 10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 四、将来时理论及练习 1、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或预备做某事。

句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon,

the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

2、基本结构:①be going to do; ②will do. 3、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon. → I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. 4、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.练习填空:1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2.我们将要学习英语 We _____ _______ _________ learn English. We ________ learn English. 五、一般过去时 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间 状语连般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。

(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。

(were not=weren’t) 3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t 动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 动词过去式变化规则: 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:work-worked , cook-cooked 2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:live-lived 3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加 如:stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母 y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied 5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, swim-swam, sit-sat过去时练习 写出下列动词的过去式is\am_________ plant________ are ________ do ________

drink_________ does_________ taste_________play_______ dance________go________ worry________make ________ ask _____ pass_______ kick_________eat__________ put ______Be 动词的过去时练习(1)1. I _______ at school just now. 2. He ________ at the camp last week. 3. We ________ students two years ago. 4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago. 5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year. 6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday. 7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday. 8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening. 9. I ______ an English teacher now. 10. She _______ happy yesterday. 11. They _______ glad to see each other last month.行为动词的过去时练习(2)1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night. 3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) 4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______. 6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday. 7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______. 8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly. 六、人称代词和物主代词 人称代词 主格 (句首做主语) I you he she it we they 宾格 (句尾做宾语) me you him her it us them 形容词性 (名首做主语) my your his her its our their 物主代词 名词性 (句尾做宾语) mine yours his hers its ours theirs

习题一.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but ________ is very big. ( I ) 2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 4. ________ is my brother. ______ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he ) 二、用 am, is, are 填空 1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. 2. The girl______ Jack's sister. 3. The dog _______ tall and fat. 4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. 5. ______ your brother in the classroom? 6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home. 7. How _______ your father? 8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school. 9. Whose dress ______ this? 10. Whose socks ______ they?小学英语六年级语法训练语法及练习 1 be 动词 Be 动词的用法: (1) Am--was Is --was Are--were 口诀:我用 am, 你用 are, is 用在他她它,复数全用 are。

(2) 肯定和否定句: I am (not) from London. He is(not) a teacher. small. (3) 一般疑问句 :Am I a Chinese? Are they American? 用恰当的 be 动词填空。

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. 2. The girl______ Jack's sister. 3. The dog _______ tall and fat. 4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. 5. ______ your brother in the classroom? 6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home. 7. How _______ your father? Is the cat fat? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t. No, they aren’t. No, it isn’t. Yes, it is. Yes, they are. My hair is(not) long. Her eyes are(not) She is(not) in the dining room.

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school. 9. Whose dress ______ this? 10. Whose socks ______ they? 11. That ______ my red skirt. 12. Who ______ I? 13.The jeans ______ on the desk. 14. Here ______ a scarf for you. 15. Here ______ some sweaters for you. 16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang. 17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling. 18. The two cups of milk _____ for me. 19. Some tea ______ in the glass. 20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there. 21. My sister's name ______Nancy. 22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil. 23. ______ David and Helen from England? 24. There ______ a girl in the room. 25. There ______ some apples on the tree. 26. _______ there any kites in the classroom? 27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle? 28. There _______ some bread on the plate. 29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park. 30. You, he and I ______ from China. 语法及练习 2 人称代词和物主代词 人称代词和物主代词 1. 人称代词主格和宾格的区别: 主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前 (有时候位于 than 之 后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。

2.物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则 单独使用,后面不带名词。

一.填写代词表主格。

I you his hers 二.用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but ________ is very big. ( I ) your it we them

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 4. ______ is my brother. ________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he ) 5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you ) 6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she ) 7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you ) 8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they) 9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it ) 10. Are these ________ tickets? No, ______ are not _______. ______ aren’t here. ( they ) 11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we ) 12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she ) 13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he ) 14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call ________ parents. ( they ) 15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger! 16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she ) 17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we ) 18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they ) 19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he ) 20. May I sit beside _________? ( you ) 21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it ) 22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she ) 语法及练习 3 名词复数和动词三单 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y 为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives 5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice, child-children ,foot-feet,tooth-teeth fish-fish, sheep-sheep,deer-deer,people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 练习:写出下列各词的复数。

I _________ _______him _________ this _______her ______watch foot________ dressbook_______ strawberry __________ thief woman_______child _______ photo ________ diary ______ day________ ________ tooth______ sheep ______ box_______ _______ yo-yo ______ peach______ paper_______ people________ 二.动词三单的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milkssandwich ______ man______2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies练习: 写出下列动词的第三人称单数drink ________ _________ have_______ ____ plant_______ ________ pass_______ come________ fly study_______ brush________ 语法及练习 4 一般现在时 一般现在时一般现在时基本用法介绍 一般现在时的功能 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。

如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。

如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。

如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成 1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。

如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。

如:We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。

如:Mary likes Chinese. 玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化 1. be 动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。

如:I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。

如:He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。

如:- Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. teach_______ carry watch______ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。

如:- Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:How does your father go to work? 一般现在时用法专练: 一、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays? 7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. 19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 二、按照要求改写句子。

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句) __________________________________________________________________ 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) __________________________________________________________________ 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) __________________________________________________________________ 4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) __________________________________________________________________ 5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) _________________________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) __________________________________________________________________ 7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) __________________________________________________________________ 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) __________________________________________________________________ 9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) __________________________________________________________________ 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) __________________________________________________________________ 三、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上) 1. Is your brother speak English? ________________________________ 2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________________________ 3. He likes play games after class. ______________________________ 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. _____________________________________ 5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. ________________________ 语法及练习 5 现在进行时 现在进行时 1. 现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作, 也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段 正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing. 3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:特殊疑问词+ be + 主语 + 动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 特殊疑问词+ be + 动词 ing? 动词加 ing 的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking 2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting 3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing, 如:run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play________ _________ ________ like________ run__________ write________ swim ski___________ read________ have_ make__________ go_________

sing ________ _________ love_________ ________ stop_________dance_________ live_______ sit ________put_________ take_________ begin________see________ come shop___________buyget_________二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空: 1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . 3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now. 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now? 5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson . 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now. 7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom . 8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music. 9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now 10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换: 1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问) _________________________________________________________________ 4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问) _________________________________________________________________ 语法及练习 6 将来时 将来时 一、概念: 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon. → I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be 或 will 提到句首,some 改为 any, and 改为 or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? 五、对划线部分提问:一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。

Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon. 2. 问干什么。

What … do. 例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon. 3. 问什么时候。

When. 例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed? 六、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 练习:填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball. 3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit. 4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet? 改句子: 5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定) Nancy ________ going to go camping. 6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) I _______ go ______ join them. 7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school? 10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow. ( 上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon. 12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week. 13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike. 14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually ________ (watch) TV and ________(catch) insects? 15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects. 16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows. 17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow. 18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday. 19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday. 20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now. 语法及练习 7 一般过去时 一般过去时 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语 连用。

一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。

(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。

(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句首。

3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句:在句首加 did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday? 动词过去式变化规则: 同

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked 2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:taste-tasted 3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再 加-ed, 如:stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied 5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat 过去时练习:写出下列动词的过去式 is\am_________ ________ play_______ ________ _____ put ______ ________ Be 动词的过去时练习 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ an English teacher now. 2. She _______ happy yesterday. 3. They _______ glad to see each other last month. 4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends. 5. The little dog _____ two years old this year. 6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here. 7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday. 8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited. 二、句型转换。

1. There was a car in front of the house just now. 否定句:__________________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:______________________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:____________________________________________________ 三、 中译英。

1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。

worry________ fly_______ go________ ask eat__________ draw________ pass_______ do throw________ kick_________ plant________ make are drink_________ does_________ taste_________ dance________

_____________________________________________________________________ 2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。

_____________________________________________________________________ 3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。

_____________________________________________________________________ 行为动词的过去时练习 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night. 3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) 4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______. 6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday. 7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______. 8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly. 二、句型转换。

1. They played football in the playground. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 三、中译英。

1. 格林先生去年住在中 国。

_________________________________________________________ 2. 昨天我们参观了农 场。

___________________________________________________________ 3. 他刚才在找他的手 机。

___________________________________________________________ 过去时综合练习(1) 一、 用动词的适当形式填空。

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday. 2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night. 3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day. 4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday. 5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read) 6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play) 7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____. 9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday. 10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday. 二、 中译英。

1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。

___________________________________________________________________________ _____ 2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。

___________________________________________________________________________ ______ 3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

___________________________________________________________________________ ______4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。

___________________________________________________________________________ ______ 过去时综合练习 一、用动词的适当形式填空。

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car. 2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago. 3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean) 4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do) 5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago. 6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick) 7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water) 8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances. 9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room. 10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk) 二、中译英。

1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。

_________________________________________________________ 2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比 赛。

_________________________________________________________ 3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没 有。

_________________________________________________________ 语法及练习 8 There be 句型与 have, has

There be句型与 have, has 的区别1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人) 2、在 there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用 is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用 are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近 be 动词的那个名词决定。

3、there be 句型的否定句在 be 动词后加 not , 一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。

4、there be 句型与 have(has) 的区别: there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。

5、some 和 any 在 there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句,any 用于否定句或疑问句。

6、and 和 or 在 there be 句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: How many + How much + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语? 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语?练习:Fill in the blank with “have,has”or “there is , there are”1. I________a good father and a good mother. 2. ____________a telescope on the desk. 3. He_________a tape-recorder. 4. _____________a basketball in the playground. 5. She__________some dresses. 6. They___________a nice garden. 7. What do you___________? 8. ______________a reading-room in the building? 9. What does Mike___________? 10. ______________any books in the bookcase? 11. My father_________a story-book. 12. _______________a story-book on the table. 13. _______________any flowers in the vase? 14. How many students____________in the classroom? 15. My parents___________some nice pictures. 16. _____________some maps on the wall. 17. ______________a map of the world on the wall. 18. David__________a telescope. 19. David’s friends___________some tents. 20. ______________many children on the hill.Fill in the blank with “ have, has ”1. I_________ a nice puppet.

2. He_________a good friend. 3. They__________ some masks. 4. We___________some flowers. 5. She___________ a duck. 6. My father____________ a new bike. 7. Her mother___________a vase. 8. Our teacher_________ an English book. 9. Our teachers___________a basketball. 10. Their parents___________some blankets 11. Nancy_________many skirts. 12. David__________some jackets. 13. My friends__________a football. 14. What do you__________? 15. What does Mike__________? 16. What do your friends___________? 17. What does Helen___________? 18. His brother________a basketball. 19. Her sister_________a nice doll. 20. Miss Li__________an English book.

 
 

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