初中英语的几种基本句型讲解及练习

 时间:2018-07-01 20:00:42 贡献者:zoe89580741

导读:初中英语简单句的基本句型由一个主语和一个谓语动词所组成的句子是简单句。要想写好简单句,我们必须记住以下五种基 本句型,它们是语言的基本模式。 【句型一】 主语 /S + 谓语 /Vi(

初中英语基本句型翻译
初中英语基本句型翻译

初中英语简单句的基本句型由一个主语和一个谓语动词所组成的句子是简单句。

要想写好简单句,我们必须记住以下五种基 本句型,它们是语言的基本模式。

【句型一】 主语 /S + 谓语 /Vi(不及物动词 ) + (状语 [副词、名词、介词短语等 ]) His father cooks. The children are listening quietly. He runs fast in the street. The meeting begins at nine. 【句型二】 主语 /S + 谓语 /Vt(及物动词 ) + 宾语 /O+ (状语 ) He didn’t like the film. She often helps him. I have already finished reading the book. He thought about the problem for a few moments. 【句型三】主语 /S + 系动词 /Link V+ 表语 /P He is a teacher. She is from Beijing. The days get shorter and shorter.They are at home. In spring, the trees turn green.【句型四】 主语 /S + 及物动词 /Vt + 间接宾语 /InO + 直接宾语 /DO Please give me a few apples. I’ll show you my photos. Notice: 此句型中的及物动词后接两个宾语(双宾语), 即指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语。

通常 情况下,间接宾语在前,直接宾语在后。

有时间接宾语也可改为由介词 to 或 for 引起的短语,放在 直接宾语的后面。

She passed him the salt. = She passed the salt to him. 她把盐递给了他。

His uncle bought him a birthday present yesterday. = His uncle bought a birthday present for him yesterday. 昨天,他叔叔给他买了一件生日礼物。

由介词 to 连接间接宾语的动词常见的有: give, pass, tell, show, lend, take,teach 等;由介词 for 连 接间接宾语的动词常见的有:buy, cook, get, make, choose, sing 等。

【句型五】 主语 /S + 及物动词 /Vt + 宾语 /O + 宾语补足语 /OC We call him Tom for short. At first I found Chinese quite hard. Tell him not to be late tomorrow. He made all of us laugh. Notice:1. 接名词作宾语补足语的动词常见的有:call, make, think, name 等。

2. 接形容词作宾语补足语的动词常见的有:keep, make, find, think 等。

3. 动词不定式作宾语补足语时通常分为以下三种情况:(1) 接带 to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语 的动词常见的有:want, ask, wish, tell, teach 等。

(2) 接不带 to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词常 见的有:let, make, see, hear, watch 等。

(3) 接带 to 或不带 to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词常见 的是 help。

4. 接现在分词作宾语补足语的动词常见的有:hear, see, watch, keep, find 等。

5. 接介词短语作宾语补足语的动词常见的有:find, take, keep 等。

另外: There be + 主语 + 状语 (介词短语 ) There is some meat on the plate. 盘里有些肉。

Long, long ago, there lived a king. 很久以 前有一个国王。

There stands a school on the hill. 山上有一所学校。

Notice: 本句型又叫 There be 句型,常用来表示 “在某地(某时 ) 有某物(某人)”,但应注意与 have 的区别:have / has 作 “有 ”讲时,表示所属关系,即 “所有,占有 ”,而 there be 结构表示客观上的存 在,不说明所有关系。

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There is a new pen in Jim’s pencil-box. 在吉姆的铅笔盒里有一支新钢笔。

(钢笔在铅笔盒里) Jim has a new pen. 吉姆有支新钢笔。

(钢笔为吉姆所有) Exercises 一、单项选择 ( ) 1. An MP5 player of this type costs too much. You’d better ______. A. wait B. waiting C. waited D. to wait ( ) 2. It _____ outside. I have to stay at home. A. rain B. is raining C. rained D. has rained ( ) 3. —Did you watch the basketball match yesterday? — Yes, I did. My uncle ______ in the match. A. is playing B. was playing C. has played D. will play ( ) 4. —What did your father say just now? —Sorry, I don’t know. I ______ on the phone. A. am talking B. talk C. was talking D. have talked ( ) 5. You ______ first and I ______ behind. A. go; was following B. will go; follow C. will go; followed D. go; will follow ( ) 6. There ______ a football match on the playground this afternoon. A. will have B. is going to have C. is have D. is going to be ( ) 7. There _____ to be something wrong with him. A. is B. was C. seems D. are ( ) 8. There will be enough food for everybody, _______? A. won’t it B. won’t there C. isn’t it D. aren’t there 二、将下列句子改为同义句。

1. Tom gave me a nice pen. Tom ______ a nice pen _____ me. 2. My mother bought my little sister a pink skirt. My mother ______ a pink skirt ______ my little sister. 3. She cooked us a delicious meal. She ______ a delicious meal _____ us. 4. Tim showed me his nice T-shirt. Tim ______ his nice T-shirt _____ me. 5. She made me a cup of coffee. She ______ a cup of coffee ______ me. 三、 找出下列句子中的宾语补足语。

1. They call their daughter Mary. ___________ 2. Don’t leave me behind. _____________ 3. I wish you to be happy. _____________ 4. I saw her chatting with Nancy. ____________ 5. Good food keeps you healthy. ____________2

 
 

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