新视野大学英语1第三版读写教程答案1-5.doc

 时间:2016-01-13 10:05:12 贡献者:圣火xyj

导读:新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U1 · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

新视野大学英语1第三版读写教程答案1-5.doc
新视野大学英语1第三版读写教程答案1-5.doc

新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U1 · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 1 新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U2 · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 7 新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U3 · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 14 新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U4 · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 20 新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U5 · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 27新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U1Part II key to exercises Section A Pre-reading activities 1 1B 2D 3C 4A 5E 3 1 In fact all the pieces of advice mentioned in the interview are very useful. But if I have t choose one as the most useful, I’d choose “keep a balance”. When we were in high school, we spent almost all our time studying. There lacked a balance between social life and academic life in high school. It’s important to keep a balance between life and work because it will give us a sound mind in a sound body. Now we have much more free time, so we can join student organizations or go to different activities. 2 Before I left for college my parents did have a talk with me. They told me how important college experience would be in my life. They told me about the opportunities that college education would open up to me. They told me to try to develop more interests and join some student clubs. The most impressive advice they gave me was that I should not only read books about my major; instead, they advised me to read as widely as possible. All these are very valuable pieces of advice. Scripts: Sarah: Hi I’m Sarah. I’m a student advisor at a university. I know the first year of college is always difficult. You have to adapt to a new environment, and learn to do everything on your own. To help make your transition just a little easier, I’m going to interview some senior students on campus let’s see what advice they can give you. Sarah: Hi Jennifer. What do you think is important to a freshman? Jennifer: I think it is very important to go to class regularly. It sounds easy, but oversleeping and missing that 8 o’clock morning class is very common. Try to go to class on time and regularly. You will learn the material in class, get to know the professors, and make friends with your classmates. You will also get important information from the professors about tests and exams. Sarah: Mark, do you agree with Jennifer?第 1 页共 33 页

Mark: Absolutely. My advice is: Find a good place to study. It may be your dorm room or a corner of the library or a quiet classroom, but find a place that works best for you to get your work done. If you have trouble concentrating in your dorm, you need to find another place. Sarah: Nancy, what is our advice for freshmen? Nancy: “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” My advice is to get involved on campus. A big problem for a lot of new students is that they miss home and they don't have a sense of belonging. The solution is to join a student organization, or a club, or a sports team. You will make new friends, learn new skills, and feel more connected to your school. Sarah: Excellent advice, Nancy. Simon, it seems you have something to say. Simon: Yes, I do. Well, I want to say you should keep a balance. College life is a mixture of social life and academic life. Don’t join too many student organizations or go to too many activities. Otherwise, you won’t have enough time to study. Of course, you should not become a book worm. The key is to keep a balance between fun and study. Sarah: They all give very useful tips. But let me add a few more. Take responsibility for yourself and your actions; take advantage of the learning resources on campus; stay healthy and eat right. I hope you will get the most out of your college experience.Reading comprehension Understanding the text 1 1. The parents reminded their children to work hard and achieve the best they could. 2. The president calls on the students to make the most of the great resources on campus: to explore new subjects, to meet fascinating people, and to pursue new passions. 3. By saying “sample them widely”, the president mean students should try may different courses and try something new to see what it is like. 4. If we don’t challenge ourselves, we will not become broadly educated people, and we may not find the passion that will help us shape our future. 5. We can learn from the example of Vera Wang that we should challenge ourselves and by challenging ourselves, we are more likely to find an interest we don’t know we have, and this interest may help us build a prosperous future. 6. W should not worry, and we should learn to face this new part of our life with enthusiasm. College experiences, pleasant or unpleasant, will provide us with valuable lessons which will enrich our life. 7. The expression Now it is your turn” means that now it is time for you to acquire knowledge and to pass it on. 8. The president ’s welcoming speech is really impressive. He mentions many important things about college life , the resources available on campus, as well as the opportunities we have and the responsibilities we should take. The speech is very inspiring.第 2 页共 33 页

Critical thinking 1. A university education will play a very important role in my life, and it will benefit me in a number of ways. In the university I can acquire specialized knowledge about my major, and develop critical thinking and research skills. I will have the opportunities to meet and share ideas with people of different minds. I can gain a broader view of the world by meeting people from diverse backgrounds and cultures. And I will start my life journey of self-discovery, self-improvement, and self-fulfillment. 2. Yes, absolutely. With a university education, a person will have more freedom and therefore more choices. This education experience provides unlimited potential. Moreover, a university education provides the means for one to succeed. Not only will a person obtain knowledge and skills essential for his career development, but he will also develop an independent mind and be able to make right decisions on his own. 3. I admire those who dropped out of university and yet have made fame for themselves by achieving big goals. Some people use those successful college dropouts as counterexamples to show their belief that a person can succeed even without a university education. Chances are that most people do not have the same mind, talent, determination, or opportunities as Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg did; therefore, they might not be able to achieve success without having a university education. In fact, a university education will equip them with the necessary knowledge and skills which will help them to succeed. 4. Nowadays education is getting more and more expensive, especially college education. And there are people who choose to give up education because of the high cost. But without education, one would not be able to acquire knowledge that an education will offer. In other words, they would be “ignorant”. The result would be that ignorant people will suffer even more or pay even more for being so. It is true that education is expensive, but if you try “ignorance”, the cost would be even higher 5. To sample widely and challenge my self, I am going to venture out of my comfort zone and do what I have not had the courage to do. For instance, I will make friends with people from diverse backgrounds and cultures. I will take a swimming class and learn how to swim. Iwil attend unconventional lectures, join student clubs, and try all kinds of food. Most of all, I will do whatever it takes to make the most of the four years and try to become a well-rounded graduate. Language focus Words in use 3 1 confidence 7 resources Word building 4 Words learned -un cover2 explore 8 yield3 emerged 9 inherited4 assume 10 transmit5 pose6 comprehensivenew words formed uncover第 3 页共 33 页

easy load -ant applyapplicant resist account -ify simple note quality classuneasy unloadresistant accountant amplify notify qualify classify5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.classified assist resistant uncovered uneasy qualify unloading applicants simplified accountant notifiedbanked cloze 6 1 D 2 H 3A 4B 5M 6 F 7O 8 I 9 G 10 J Expressions in use 7 1. got by 2. make the most of 3. in advance 4. over time 5. reap the benefits of 6. all at once 7. remind… of 8. stand a chance of 9. open the door to 10. take pleasure in第 4 页共 33 页

section B reading skills 1 1. A 2. A 3. C 4. B, C, E Reading comprehension Understanding the text 3. 1 The father is happy that his child is going to college and will have new exciting experiences. Meantime, the father feels sad to see the child leave. 2. Because it is in college that the child will find out what learning is about. 3. The statement “Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school” was made by Einstein. It means that the details you have learned or the facts you have remembered are not important. What is really important is the fact that you have learned how to learn and that you have developed a way of thinking and a sense of responsibility. 4. the father thinks his child should take courses that will stimulate his interest and improve his intellectual capacity. 5. what Steve Jobs meant was that in college, your passion will guide you to learn a lot of new and seemingly unconnected things; but later, those unconnected things will become connected and help you build your life and career. 6. the father warns his child not to be upset by low grades. They are only letters and are not important. 7. Genuine and sincere people can become our friends. 8. The father is eager to see what his child will develop into, and what achievements his child will make in the future. Critical thinking 4 1. I felt somewhat sad when the time came for me to leave my parents for college because I had to leave them for the first time in my life. I missed all the comforts they provide for me at home. But in the meanwhile, I felt excited about my new experience of living on campus. For me, living on my own was an indication of independence and responsibilities. I was looking forward to this new and exciting leg of my life journey. 2. My parents expect me to try my best in all aspects. They said to me when I left home for college, “Doing your best does not just mean you have to get straight A’s. it means you should work as hard as you can, develop and flourish socially, and enjoy life fully.”They have very high expectations of me because they believe in me. They know that I have the motivation and ability to achieve the goals I have set. 3. .I like to be friends with people who have similar hobbies to mine. If we have similar hobbies, we will have a lot to talk about with each other. I also like to make friends with outgoing第 5 页共 33 页

people because I am very shy. . I only make friends with people who are honest, polite and sincere. I don’t care whether we share similar hobbies or interests or not. As long as he/she is a nice person, I’ll be happy to be friends with him/her. 4. Actually, I think almost all courses can stimulate our intellectual capacity. To some people, courses that require them to solve problems, such as math, physics, and enginerring, can enhance their intellectual capacity. But to other people their intellectual capacity can be developed more by courses like music, philosophy, or literature, because they have to use their brainpower to think and seek answers since there are no right or wrong answers to many questions in these fields. Personally, I think learning something new will definitely stimulate my intellectual capacity, so I’m going to take some courses both in arts and science. 5. When I was a kid, my parents had to word away from home, so I had to stay with my relatives for four years without my parents being around. As a result, I have learned to be very adaptable. Now, Ian study and live in different environments. Being able to adapt is thus one of my dots.Language focus 5 1. stimulate 2. potential 3. cultivate 4. instinct 5. confident 6. assured 7. curiosity 8. participate 9. approach 10. capacity expressions in use 6 1. into 2. like 3. to 4. up 5. to 6. up 7. off 8. in sentence structure 7第 6 页共 33 页

1. Some people have pets and regard them as friends while otherpeople dislike pets and think they may cause diseases.\ 2. Jerry is very bold and likes taking risks while his brother is extremely careful and thinks things through before doing anything. 3. Beijing is a busy city with a large population while my hometown is very quiet with a small population. 8 1. It is Sam that/who thinks that the greatest achievement of last century was the landing of mankind on the moon. 2. It was during my undergraduate studies that I found out what my passion was. 3. It is the curiosity and creativity of children that causes many educators to believe that teaching should stimulate children’s interest in learning. Collocation 9 1. make 2. make 3. do 4. make 5. make 6. do 7. do 8. do新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U2Part II key to exercises Section A Pre-reading activities 2. 1. I am very close to my parents. In fact, we are like friends. I never keep a secret from them. When I have problems, I ask them for their advice. They give me directions about life. I like this relationship with my parents, and I think this is what parent-child relationship should be like. 2. ifI were not very close to my parents, I would do the following to improve our relationship: . find out where the problem is and talk to my parents about it; . do something that makes them happy; . call them often when I am away from home; . keep them informed of what I am doing;第 7 页共 33 页

. be open and willing to communicate.Reading comprehension Understanding the text 1 1. The daughter bought a large and expensive vehicle probably because her mother advised her to buy a practical and gas-efficient car. The daughter did this on purpose because at this age, she was being rebellious. 2. The mother wants to show that although her daughter tries to show she is an adult, actually she is not. 3. The mother is hap that their daughter is dependent now, but on the other hand, she feels doubtful whether her daughter could take good care of herself. 4. The mother wants to show that her daughter is not ready t e an adult yet. 5. The mother puts her daughter ’s books onto a single shelf to deal with later. 6. The mother finds an envelope with items such as old family photographs, letters, greeting cards, and love notes they gave their daughter and sees the words “DO NOT THROW AWAY” marked on the envelope. Her attitude then changes. 7. At first the mother decides to throw some of the items away and donate the rest to charity. After she sees the brown envelope, she changes her mind and puts the back in place. 8. Because the mother knows that the sweet childhood memories will bring her daughter back.Critical thinking 2 1. If I were the daughter, I would be very much touched when I read the article. I would call my mom to say sorry for acting rebelliously and would tell her how much I love her. Probably I would return home as soon as I can. 2. I don’t think it is wise to refuse parents’ advice or even do the opposite without a good reason. Your parents care about you more than anybody else and always want to share their experience with you. If you follow their advice, you can at least learn from their experience and avoid making some silly mistakes if you don’t take their advice, you may still get experience-but in a hard way. Besides, your parents may directly point out our weaknesses that your peers wouldn’t. so, listening to your parents’ advice can make you smarter and help you grow mature. 3. Good communication will, in my view, help build a good relationship the following are my ways to strengthen communication with my parents: . visit them whenever possible; . invite them to see what I am doing at college; . teach them to use new communication tools, such as WeChat and Skype, so that they can communicate with me wherever I am; . try to look at things from their perspectives; and . share with them my feelings, problems or ambitions. 4. Although there is no standard pattern for a good parent-child relationship , some common第 8 页共 33 页

factors can contribute to a more successful relationship: . respect each other; . support and encourage each other; . understand each other; . have fun together; and . be friends. 5. Yes, many parents are expecting to much of their children. First, most families have only one child and parents want to make a perfect child out of them. Second, competition is intense in school and at work today. So parents want their children to learn as much as possible so as to gain advantages over others in competition. It’s not uncommon that some parents force their children to achieve what is even hard for adults. But they ignore the fact that winning is not the only important thing and that children should have their own enjoyment and preferences. 6. No, I don’t think parents today are expecting too much of their children. Competition is becoming increasingly intense in school and at the workplace. So it is natural for parents to help their children to make full use of their talent and become as competitive as possible. They know better about how far their children can go. Besides, more and more parents, including my parents, think it is more important for their children to be healthy and happy. Of course, while they expect that their children study hard and achieve success, they should at the same time see to it that their children are not overworking themselves.Language focus Words in use 3 1. awaits 2. efficiency 3. donation 4. polished 5. stuffed 6. historical 7. emotional 8. embarrassed 9. dump 10. curb word building 4 Words learned -er employ computer interpreternew words formed employer compute interpret第 9 页共 33 页

-ic atom artist economy history electronic -ous envy continue famous various 5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.atomic artistic economic historic electron envious continuous fame varyinterpreted employer artistic historic compute continuous economic fame electron atomic envious varybaked cloze 6 1G 2K 3L 4O Expressions in use 7 1. made it 2. after all 3. strip off 4. with open arms 5. throw away 6. straighten up 7. keep back 8. free of/from5A 6D 7E 8F9B10Jstructured writing第 10 页共 33 页

9 Parents may get disappointed when you fail to meet their expectations. They may strongly object to your lifestyle and complain that you are wasting time on unimportant things. To solve this problem, you may try to make them understand that you are a responsible person. First tell them that you have inherited many of their merits. Then remind them that you have your own thoughts and life goals as an individual. You can also explain how your lifestyle will help you in a positive way. You may not be able to change your parents’ opinion overnight, but if you keep trying, it well eventually work. Translation 10 圣诞节是一个被广泛庆祝的文化节日,全世界有许许多多的人在 12 月 25 日庆祝这一节日。

它是为了纪念耶稣基督的诞辰。

该节日最早可追溯到公元 336 年。

渐渐地,这一节日演变为 一个既是宗教又是非宗教的节日,越来越多的非基督徒也方励之庆祝圣诞节。

如今,圣诞节 在便于被作为一个重大的节日和公共假日来庆祝。

不同国家的圣诞节风俗也各不相同。

现代 浒的圣诞节风俗包括圣诞礼物、 唱圣诞歌曲、 参加教堂活动、 摆放各种圣诞装饰品和圣诞树、 举行家庭聚会以及准备一顿特别的大餐。

对小孩子们来说,空上节日充满了幻想和惊喜。

据 传说,圣诞老人会在圣诞夜从烟囱进入每户人家,给乖巧听话的孩子带来礼物。

由于圣诞节 送礼物以及许多其他方面推动了基督徒和非基督徒的经济活动, 圣诞节也因此成为商家的一 个重大活动和主要销售季。

11 According to the Chinese lunar calendar, August 15 of every year is a traditional Chinese festival-the Mid-Autumn Festival. This day is the middle of autumn, so it is called Mid-Autumn. One of the important Mid-Autumn Festival activities is to enjoy the moon. On that night, people get together to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival, looking up at the bright moon and eating moon cakes. The festival is also a time for family reunion. People living far away from home will express their feelings of missing their hometowns and families at this festival. There are many customs to celebrate the festival, all expression people’s love and hope for a happy life. Since 2008, the Mid-Autumn Festival has become an official national holiday in China. Section B Reading skills 1 “All right,”/he says, /and carries the smelly package./As we walk back, /he tells me/about migrations of eels/to the Sargasso Sea:/how/eels come down Dalmatian rivers/and swim across the Mediterranean / and then the whole Atlantic, /until / they reach the warm Sargasso Sea. / Here / they lay their eggs, / and then the baby eels swim back / to the native river / of their parents. Reading comprehension Understanding the text 2第 11 页共 33 页

1D 2B 3C 4C 5C 6D 7D 8A Critical thinking 3 1. To me a good parent is quite challenging and demanding. A good parent should: . attend to children’s physical and spiritual needs; . be supportive in times of difficulties; . share life experiences without preaching; . share hobbies and doing sports with their children; and . respect their children’s privacy. 2. My parents took god care of my sister and me. They regarded it their duty to make sure that we had good food, decent clothes, and a nice place to live in. but they also required us to do whatever they told us to do. And we were supposed to keep no secrets from them. If Isupposed to keep no secrets from them. If I were a parent, I would try my best to supply the best for my child(ren)’s daily needs, just as what my parents did to me. But I would also do something different: I would respect my child(ren)’s privacy; I would not give orders. Instead, I would try to become their friends and encourage them to do what they like. 3. Yes, after reading the two stories in this unit, I have come to a better understanding of my parents’ love for me. Though my father and other show their love in different ways, everything they do for me is meant to do me good, even when they are being tough with me. Most times I tend to take their love for granted. I rarely spend time thinking about their love for me, let alone expressing thanks for their love. A better understanding of my parents’ love will prompt me to think about that I can do to them, and how I can repay them for their selfless love. 4. Conflicts between parents and children may be sometimes inevitable. However, there are something we can do to reconcile and solve the disagreement: . calm down – anger only makes things worse; . analyze the reason for the conflicts; . try to be in our parents’ shoes and see thinks from their angle; . explain what is on our mind and try to have their support; and . make compromises whenever we can. 5. Nowadays many young people are too busy to spend time with their parents. This has been a social problem of public concern. It is true that young people today are facing great pressure from work. They have so many things to do that they often have to work extra hours. But this is no excuse for neglecting their parents. Busy as they are they should try to set aside time to be with their parents, especially on the weekend. The aging parents may feel deserted and lonely, being left at the “empty nest”. In fact, this social problem has prompted the government to take action and make it part of the law that children should regularly visit their parents and attend to their parents’ needs. So as young people, we should realize the problem and try to send as much time as possible with our parents. Language focus Word in use 4第 12 页共 33 页

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.awkward stretch overtaking delicate anticipate immense reluctance suspicious complain meltedexpressions in use 5 1. out 2. for 3. with 4. in / of 5. in 6. down 7. to 8. aboard sentence structure 6 1. All of Justin’s pain disappeared. So did the ache in his legs. 2. His father doesn't’ have great hope for him now. Nor does his mother. 3. CNN then reported the story and so did other television news programs and major newspapers. 7 1. Not that I don’t like your apple pie, but (that) my doctor tells me not to have any. 2. Not that she is unwilling to help you, but (that) she is tied up with extra work these days. 3. Not that some coffee beans or tea bags are more flavorful than others, but (that) people love changes. Collocation 8 1. effort 2. decision 3. preparations 4. arrangements 5. meal 6. mess第 13 页共 33 页

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.complaints attempts sense excuses suggestions contribution新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U3Part II key to exercises Section A Pre-reading activities 1. Traditional classroom: . Advantages: more direct communication between the teacher and students; a better learning atmosphere. . Disadvantages: little interaction either among students or between students and the teacher; the teacher tending to dominate the class; writing on blackboard reducing efficiency. Multimedia learning: . Advantages: more vivid teaching materials; . disadvantages: too many distractions with too many pictures and videos in multimedia classrooms. Studying online: . advantages: being able to choose when and what you want to learn; easy access to the wide range of online information. . disadvantages: making it easier for students to copy answers from the Internet; lack of face-to-face communication between the teacher and students; the possibility for students to develop Internet addiction. 2. . I prefer the multimedia way of learning. A multimedia classroom is vivid with teaching materials presented in different ways: slides, pictures, and even movies. Compared with a traditional classroom, a multimedia classroom is more interesting. . To be frank, I prefer to study online. In this way I can manage my own time. I can have my own priorities and do things at my own pace. It is simply what I want. 3. . Yes. The Internet is indispensable in teaching and learning nowadays. It is hard to imagine what it would be like without the Internet. We would have no easy or quick way to learn about the latest development of teaching and learning. We would miss the many interesting online courses; we couldn’t communicate effectively with teachers after class. We just can’t afford to第 14 页共 33 页

lose the Internet. . No. teaching and learning had been carried out long before the Internet came into being. And people did just as well without the Internet or the computer. It is true that the Internet makes teaching and learning more convenient and more efficient, but it is by no means indispensable. I’m sure we can still teach or learn without the Internet. Reading comprehension Understanding the text 1. 1. A fleet of laptops, smartphones and Internet connectivity 24 hours a day. 2. wireless Internet access anywhere and anytime on campus. 3. because smartphones could draw students’ attention and encourage sophisticated thinking. 4. because too much time online can mean too little time I real-life studying or exercising or visiting with friends. If we spend too much time online, we will be cut off from the real world. 5. they used the money to wire dorms with high-speed connections and equip their campuses with Wi-Fi networks. 6. Becausethe university was afraid that it ’s technology was not as advanced as that of other universities, it gave away free Apple iPads to compensate for its inferiority in this aspect. 7. If a university can’t keep up with the rest f the world, or if it can’t provide high-bandwidth information as expected, it will be at a competitive disadvantage. 8. it is mainly because they want to provide students with the most advanced free system.Critical thinking 2 1 .Yes, I think so. Internet access is a must on campus. We students need the Internet to do research for our study, to obtain information to broaden our knowledge of the world, to communicate with family and friends, and to enrich our lives in our spare time. . No, I don’t think so. There are many potential disadvantages if Internet access is so easily accessible on campus. Some students may waste too much time I playing online games or chatting online, be tempted to visit “unhealthy ” websites, or even become Internet-addicted and neglect their study. 2 .It sounds like an awful idea to me. Obtaining knowledge is only part of learning. Learning not only gives us a wealth of knowledge, it also provides us with great vision, strong principles, social abilities, good manners, interpersonal skills and many more valuable attributes. This obviously cannot be realized by learning at home only with the computer. .I think it is a good idea that students can study at home via the Internet in the future. Learning would become more flexible and accessible. This way, college education could become available to many more people, old or young, near or far, healthy or handicapped. 3 . The Internet and smartphones have become an indispensable part of our daily life because they don’t cost much and they make communication much more convenient. We can talk to people, or leave them messages almost anywhere and anytime. And very often we will get responses in no time.第 15 页共 33 页

. With the Internet and smartphones becoming more and more popular, we are forgetting how to write with a pen or how to talk with people face to face. The more we use the Internet and smartphones, the less we meet our friends in real life. Even when friends meet face to face, instead of talking with each other, they all look at their smartphones, checking email or posting something on WeChat. 4 .Life would be unimaginable without the Internet or smartphones. I depend on them to do everything, from study to communication, from shopping to entertaining. Without the Internet, the backing systems, the communications systems, in fact all key aspects closely related to peoples’ life will collapse. Life without the Internet would be terrible and simply unimaginable. .Actually, I wouldn’t mind having a life without the Internet or smartphones. Without them, I would meet my family and friends face to face and spend more quality time together. I might take up some interesting hobbies or try something new. So, without them life might become even more colorful. Language focus Words in use 3 1. competitive 2. transform 3. typical 4. response 5. adopted 6. focused 7. compensate 8. analyze 9. regulate 10. estimate word building 4 Words learned -ry scene -ive detective compare explodeexplosive represent -ize Modern Character Special Computer Summarynew words formed scenery machinery detect comparative representative modernize characterize specialize computerize summarize第 16 页共 33 页

5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.scenery machinery summarize specializes massive detect representative(s) characterize comparative modernize explosive computerizedbanked cloze 6 1J 2H 3L4N5F6I7E8A9C10OExpressions in use 7 1. fired off 2. keep up with 3. set up 4. account for 5. stand out 6. add to 7. take the lead 8. at a disadvantage 9. in large part 10. visit with structured writing 9 It is not uncommon to see teenagers smoking today. Some of them smoke because of peer pressure. When they see some of their friends smoking, they feel the pressure to try it out in order to “fit in” with the crowd. Some other teenagers smoke because they want to imitate adults or appear to be mature. Teenagers like to imitate their favorite stars and adults around them. So, parents who smoke may set a bad example for their children. In conclusion, the causes of teenager smoking can be attributed to peer pressure and their intention to look like adults. Translation 10 伦敦地铁是英国的一个快速交通运输系统, 服务于大伦敦的大部分地区。

地铁系统因其他地第 17 页共 33 页

铁隧道的典型形状也被称为地下管道。

伦敦地铁始建于 19 世纪中期,是世界上最早的地下 铁路系统。

它的第一段地铁于 1863 年开始运营。

自此,伦敦地铁不断延伸,发展成为一个 包括 12 条线路、 275 个车站、 铁轨总长超过 250 英里的地铁杰作, 其中有 45%在地下运行。

就路线长度而言,它是世界上第四大地铁系统,也是车站数量最多的地铁系统之一。

作为一 个走遍伦敦的经济便捷的途径, 伦敦地铁一向是每天数百万通勤者以及在节假日游历伦敦的 游客的首选。

伦敦地铁已成为伦敦的一个国际标志。

2013 年伦敦举办了各种各样的活动, 庆祝地铁运营 150 周年,纪念这一里程碑。

11 China’s space industry was launched in 1956. Over the past decades, China’s space industry has created one miracle after another. In 1970 China launched its first man-made earth satellite, ranking China the fifth country in the world to independently develop and launch man-made earth satellites. In 1992 China began to carry out the manned spaceflight program. In 2003 China launched Shenzhou-5, a manned spaceship. The successful launch made China the third country to launch manned spaceships. In 2007 Chang’e-1,, the first lunar-orbiting man-made satellite, was sent to space. In 2013 Shenzhou-10, the fifth manned spaceship was launched successfully, laying the foundation for building the Chinese Space Station. Section B Reading skills 1 1O 2O 3O4F5F6F7O8OReading comprehension 2 1A 2C 3B 4C 5A6D7D8CCritical thinking 3. 1 Teenagers and college students are more likely to become Internet addicts. Many teenagers lack self-discipline. Though their parents may watch them closely at home and only allow them very limited time to get online, once being away from home, these kids are likely to indulge themselves in the Internet. The same is true for college students. College students often use the Internet to help with their study, and they lack supervision from their parents if they live on campus. If they do not watch their time online and what they do with the internet, they may also become addicted to the Internet. 2 .Yes,I think so. A weak personality usually can’t resist temptation. Jack, my former classmate, definitely falls into this category. He knew for sure that online games would take up too much of his study time. However, he just couldn’t stop thinking about the games and completely indulged himself in thisvirtual world. . No, I don’t think so. A person with a strong personality may also become an addict. One of my friends had a very strong personality. He was independent and decisive, and he was always the第 18 页共 33 页

leader among his friends. But somehow he became an Internet addict. So I think addiction to the Internet has nothing to do with ones personality. 3 If I have friends who unfortunately become Internet-addicted, I will help them: 1)set time limits. I will suggest that they should allow themselves a limited amount of time to spend online each day; 2)keep themselves busy. I will help them find activities to keep their mind of the Internet, e.g. meeting friends, taking up new hobbies, doing sports. 4 . “No Computer Day ” is a good idea. If you shut down your computer for a day, you’ll possibly find a book to read, go out with friends, talk with your family, visit a museum, play basketball, or go to a concert. A day without the computer is a reminder that there are more rewarding things to do. . I don’t think it is a good idea. For people who depend on their computers for their work or study, they could do little or almost nothing without computers. Moreover, the business world may become out of order without computers, even for only one day. Language focus Words in use 4 1. concerned 2. release 3. positive 4. ceased 5. enable 6. decline 7. scheduled 8. essential 9. neglect 10. arouse expressions in use 5 1. of 2. to 3. with 4. of 5. from 6. but 7. to 8. for sentence structure 6 1. To make a good impression on the interviewer, he planned to get a new haircut and buy a new suit. 2. To greatly improve people’s living standards, we should attach great importance to the第 19 页共 33 页

development of the economy. 3. The customs officers examine people who want to cross the bridge to prevent anyone from carrying guns or drugs. 7 1. People do not feel sorry for John because he is shy and awkward in front of others. 2. The traffic accident did not happen because the driver was not skillful at driving. Collocation 8 1. homework 2. lecture 3. course(s) 4. exam 5. presentations 6. research project 7. degree 8. shopping 9. washing 10. exercise 11. things 12. more good than harm新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U4Part II key to exercises Section A Pre-reading activities 1 Where Who What HowNew York City subway statin Wesley Austrey, 50 years old, a construction worker Wesley Austrey saved Cameron Hollopeter. Hollopeterfell to the tracks between the two rails when a train came. Wesleyjumped onto the tracks, lay on top of Hollopeter and pressed him down.3 1 .Yes, I think Wesley Austrey is a real hero because he showed unusual courage in times of danger. Few people would jump onto the tracks to save a stranger from a racing train. . No, I don’t think Wesley Austrey is a hero. He was behaving irresponsibly. He should have realized that he had two little children to take care of. What would his kids do if he died?! 2 .I am most impressed by Wesley Austrey talking about his own fear and what he said to the第 20 页共 33 页

stranger. From the report we can tell that Wesley Austrey loved his children and that he was fully aware of the danger he was facing. This further shows how caring and how courageous he was. . I am most impressed when Wesley Austrey said, “I don't feel like I did something extraordinary; I just saw someone who needed help”. This shows that Wesley Austrey is a warm-hearted and courageous person. When it is time for him to offer help, he just extends his hand. This is why when a stranger slipped off the platform, Wesley Austrey immediately jumped onto the tracks to save him, regardless of the extreme danger involved. 3 I doubt if I would be courageous enough to jump onto the tracks to save the man. I would probably shout at the man, telling his to stay between the rails, lower his body, and keep his head down. And then I would ask the subway staff for help.Scripts: On a New York City subway, it ’s hard enough to find some who’ll give up his seat to some stranger, let alone be willing to give his life for another person. Fifty-year-old Wesley Austrey was a construction worker. One day he was standing on a subway platform with his two little daughters. Right in front of them stood a man. Suddenly the man slipped off the platform edge and fell to the tracks between the two rails. The deadlights of a trian appeared. Wesley Austrey had to make a quick decision. He jumped onto the tracks. He lay on top of the man, pressing him down in a space roughtly a fot deep. There was only one half inch of space between the two men and the train. The train rolled overhead before it stopped and people got the out. Wesley Austrey ’s children were extremely scared at the scene, and Wesley Austrey himself was scared too. “I got to talk to him,” later he told news reporters. “Sir, you can’t move. I’ve got two kids up there looking for their father to come back. I don’t know you and you dn’t know me, but listen don’t panic. I’m here to save you.” The man Wesley Austrey saved is 20-year-old Cameron Hollopter. Except for a fesmall wounds, Hollopeter was doing fine. Wesley Austrey refused medical help because, he said, nothing was wrong. He visited Hollopeter in the hospital before he went to work. “I don’t feel like I did something extraordinary; I just saw someone who needed help,” he said. “I did what I felt was right.” Reading comprehension Understanding the text 1 1. Today both victims and survivors of all kinds of difficulties and tragedies are described as heroes. 2. Because during a mass shooting in Tucson, Daniel Hernandez courageously ran through the danger to save one of the victims. 3. The priest meant that Dory was a hero not just because he gave his life for his wife, but also第 21 页共 33 页

4.5. 6.7. 8.because he had been known for his remarkable spirit and love of humanity when he was alive. First responders are people, such as police officers and firefighters, whose job is to rush toward danger. They are supposed to be the first to arrive at the scene of accidents and deal with emergencies. In the past, heroes were those who acted courageously beyond the call of duty or great leaders, while today ’s heroes can be average men and women. Eleanor McMahon considered may police officers to be heroes because they rush toward danger to help those in need, against the human instinct to rush toward safety and away from danger. The inspiring stories of heroes help remind us that ordinary people can do extraordinary things, whether it is to fulfill their duties, or as part of everyday life. We honor heroes by recognizing their heroism and, more importantly, by working to change the circumstances that led to their death.Critical thinking 2 1. In my view, a hero is someone who: .is brave or even risks their lives in face of danger; . saves others in trouble; . shows great courage when others hesitate or fear; . sacrifices themselves for others 2. Yes, people who give their lives for others shouldcertainly be considered heroes, no matter whom they save-whether it is a family member or a stranger. By rescuing others, they demonstrate extraordinary courage and the rare qualities of a hero. 3. Yes, I agree that “Heroism is latent in every human soul.”I think everyong, kids or adults, men or women, wants to be a hero. Some want to be a hero because they want to be respected or loved by others; they would like to gain fame or attention. Some want to be a hero because they want to feel powerful for themselves. Still some others want to be a hero just because they want to help those in nee, even by sacrificing their own interest, health or lives. No matter what motivates the hero, it is a glorious feeling when others look up to you as a hero. 4. Yes, I think they should be regarded as heroes even though their efforts fail. They are heroes because they are brave and ready to sacrifice themselves for others. Their act and sacrifice will set a good example for other people, no matter whether their efforts have brought about desirable results or not. The most important thing is that they have tried while many other people would have neither the intention nor the courage to have a try. 5. It is heroes who protect us from danger, and give us strength, comfort and confidence. To honor heroes, we should: . spread their names and stories in legends, the media, songs, movies, etc.; . put up monuments for commemoration; . set up a special day to remember them; . take good care of them and their families;第 22 页共 33 页

. give them special honors; and .call on society to learn from them. Language focus Words in use 3 1. involve 2. fulfilled 3. intense 4. advocate 5. circumstances 6. respond 7. subsequent 8. confined 9. reconciled 10. distinct word building 4 Words learned -able agree apply desire sustain compare -ance accept attend assistassistanceNew words formed agreeable applicable desirable sustainable comparable acceptance attendance-ment entertainmententertain assignment assign engage engagement5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.assistance comparable attendance engagement applicable assigned第 23 页共 33 页

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.acceptance entertain agreeable sustainable desirablebanked cloze 6 1L 2N 3J4F5M6C7H8K9A10EExpressions in use 7 1. shield … from 2. make sense of 3. called on 4. in need 5. are/get caught up in 6. relate to 7. sum up 8. count on 9. In her words 10. reserved forstructured writing 9 Where does happiness come from? Ann was a fulltime worker with a low income, but she devoted a lot of her time to helping people in her community. One day, Ann was diagnosed with a sever heart disease, but she did not have enough money for treatment. When people in her community heard the news, they raised money for her and helped take care of her children. Although Ann was very sick, she felt very happy. She had enjoyed helping other people, who now in turn where happy thelp her. Happiness is indeed the result of helping each other. Translation 10 作为通过中国游历亚洲的首批欧洲人之一,马可.波罗可能是中国最熟知的外国商人和航海 家。

从 1271 年到 1295 年,他和他的家人游历广泛,遍及欧洲和亚洲。

期间,他在中国留 居了 17 年。

他的著作《马可.波罗游记》描述了他游历亚洲的旅程,让欧洲人首次全面领略 了包括中国、印度和日本在内的远东地区的情况。

从他的文字叙述中,西方人第一次了解到 瓷器、煤炭、火药、印刷术、纸币有及丝绸。

在 15 世纪末和 16 世纪欧洲发现与征服的大航 海时代, 马可.波罗所记录的大量新的地理信息得到了广泛使用。

在他去世后这几个世纪里, 马可.波罗获得了他在有生之年未曾获得的赞誉。

马可.波罗的故事鼓舞了其他无数的探险者 去踏上征程,发现世界。

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11. Zheng He was the most famous maritime explorer in Chinese history. In 1405 AD, the ruler of the Ming Dynasty sent Zheng He on a voyage to the Western Seas in order to strengthen border defense and develop trade by sea. In the following 28 years, Zheng He led his fleet, made seven voyages to the Western Seas with over 100,000 crew members in total, and visited more than 30 countries and regions. The fleet traveled far into South Asia and West Asia, and made all the way to the content of Africa. Zheng He’s voyages to the Western Seas were a great feat in the worlds navigation history. It showed Zheng He’s outstanding navigation and organization talents; meanwhile, it exhibited the national strength and prestige of the Ming Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and overseas countries. Section B Reading skills 1 1. November. 2. In the Dalton River 3. Jonda 4. Sandy Reading comprehension Understanding the text 2 1B 2D 3C 4D 5C6D7B8DCritical thinking 3 1. No, I don’t think so although it is the duty of police officers to save vitims in accidents, they should not be blamed for failing to save the victims on some occasions.it would be unfair to blame them as situations may become out of their control. Sometimes they themselves may get injured or even die in their efforts to save those in danger. So in this sense, they may fail to save victims, but they are still heroes and are respectable. 2. Helping others surely has its benefits. When we help others, we can derive a feeling of happiness and a sense of fulfillment. We will earn respect from other people. Besides, by helping others, we set an example for others who, in turn, will help even more people. If we extend a helping hand whenever necessary, we will help build a more friendly and harmonious world. 3. I think it depends on the situation. If you know your sacrifice will save another person’s life, it is undoubtedly worthwhile even if you have to risk your own life. Nonetheless, if you clearly know that your efforts won’t save them even at the cost of your own life, then it is not a good idea to give up your own lif. Maybe a better and more practical way is to ask more people for help. This way, you will not only save the victim, but also avoid unnecessary casualties. Language focus第 25 页共 33 页

Words in use 4 1. collapse 2. heal 3. lean 4. reflected 5. slippery 6. identify 7. abolished 8. ignore 9. aspiration 10. betrayed expressions in use 5 1. lean on 2. pull over 3. is grateful for 4. filled up with 5. broke through 6. brought… to a halt 7. letting go of 8. held on 9. turned off 10. beat them to it sentence structure 6 1. it used to be that there were many fish in the river and people swam in it. 2. It used to be that Tom was afraid of heights, but he has got over the fear now. 3. It used to be that John assisted his wife with housework, but now he is too busy to do so. 7 1. Standing alongside him in front of a farmhouse was a woman in an elegant dress. 2. Hung inside the hut are fruits and vegetables, including apples, grapes and corn. 3. The strange man came into the house. Covered with mud were his shoes. Collocation 8 1. carried out/conducted 2. gave/delivered/presented 3. enroll in/take 4. invented/coined 5. created第 26 页共 33 页

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.put in/devote delivered/gave/offered put forward /offer/provide take write/finish/complete新视野大学英语 1 第三版读写教程答案 U5Part II key to exercises Section A Pre-reading activities 1 1 1) playing basketball 2) swimming 3) running on a treadmill 4) playing tennis 5) playing cycling 2 . Yes. Generally speaking, these sports are popular among college students, though they are not as popular as basketball and soccer. . Not all of these sports are popular among college students. As far as I know, swimming and tennis are more popular among college students than the other three sports. 2 1. I like jogging and playing tennis. When I jog, I listen to music or English. So Idon't feel bored and I can learn something while exercising. I also like playing tennis because it is a very exciting sport and it is fun playing with friends. 2. . I don’t do sports every day, but I try to exercise regularly. On weekdays, I’m too busy with my classes and homework, so I can only do sports occasionally. But on weekends I always manage to spend as much time as I can playing table tennis, going hiking, or doing yoga. . I spend about half an hour doing exerciseevery morning. Usually, I run on the sports field on campus. But if it rains, I do push-ups and sit-ups in my dorm. If I have time, I play soccer or basketball in the afternoon with my classmates. 3. Yes, I think so. Playing sports offers may obvious benefits. Playing sports is good to our health and good health is important for success at college. It also helps cultivate cooperation and teamwork. Besides, playing sports is very good for the development of our social skills, for sports teach us how to communicate and cooperate with people. Reading comprehension Understanding the text第 27 页共 33 页

1 1. Because the Sydney-to-Melbourne race is 875 kilometers long and it is a harsh test of endurance for the world’s top athletes. 2. Cliff Young was a toothless 61-year-old farmer; he was wearing rubber boots, and was mch older than the other runners. 3. Other athletes neither believed it nor treated Cliff Young with respect. 4. Because Cliff Young didn’t run properly. He had the strangest running style and appeared to shuffle. 5. When people found that Cliff Young ran through the entire night without sleeping and when it seemed to them that he intended to keep running until he reached the finish line or fell ill or was injured. 6. When he was running, Cliff Young imagined he was gathering his sheep and trying to outrun a storm. 7. Cliff Young gave all the prize money to five other runners. He didn’t keep a single cent for himself. 8. Cliff Young is a brilliant example showing that ordinary people also have the inherent quality to achieve great results. Critical thinking 2 1. I think teamwork, fair play and honesty, and excellence in performance best characterize the spirit of sports. . teamwork: Individuals can be strong on their own, but they can be much stronger in a team game. . fairpaly and honesty: Respect the rules of the fame. Be honest. Never cheat even though you know you won’t get caught. . excellence in performance: Always try your best. Show your efforts and best performance. 2. By playing sports, people can cultivate honesty, determination, and mutual respect. . Honesty: you will learn that having the sense of fair play and observing moral principles are essential in playing sports. . Determination: Be ready to face difficulties or frustrations: Be ready to face difficulties or frustrations and never give up. Ultimately, this could be the deciding factor when it comes to winning or losing. . Mutual respect: It is compulsory to play by the rules. You will learn to respect your opponents, fellow players, referees, and fans. 3. No, winning isn’t the most important thing in sports. Winning is good, but there is much more about playing sports than winning playing sports brings about many benefits, the most important of which is to cultivate the spirit of sports. The spirit of sports is best reflected in the Olympic Creed, which reads: “ The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is no the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well. 4. I think it means that a true champion has great confidence and determination that we should not take lightly. A true champion knows one must push his limits of endurance or strength or skill to achieve victory. A true champion never gives up.第 28 页共 33 页

5. The story of Cliff Young is extraordinary and inspirational, from which I have learned a great deal. I have learned that we should pursue our dreams regardless of what other people have to say. An ordinary person can become a hero, and wonderful things do happen when we are determined and committed. Most important of all, we should believe in ourselves! Language focus Words in use 3 1. annual 2. contract 3. distinction 4. substantial 5. furnished 6. amateur 7. assemble 8. react 9. apparent 10. magnificent word building 4 Words learned new words formed -ing boring bore fascinating fascinate amuse amusing -ion Explode explosion Assume assumption Evolve evolution Compensatecompensation Contribution contribute -ary Element Revolution 5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.elementary revolutionaryassumption fascinated explosion elementary compensation evolution第 29 页共 33 页

7. 8. 9. 10.amusing bore contribute revolutionarybanked cloze 6 1K 2D 3C4B5H6O7F8M9A10GExpressions in use 7 1. passed away 2. left behind 3. give away 4. had no intention of 5. Up to 6. regardless of 7. might (just) as well 8. fall ill 9. in attendance 10. to this day structured writing 9 In 1564, William Shakespeare, the great poet and playwright, was born in England. As a boy he attended a local grammar school in his hometown. At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, and they had three children. Between 1585 and 1592, he developed a successful career in London. By 1592 several of his plays were on the London stage and he had become well-known by acting and writing plays. He appeared to have retired from the theater and returned to his hometown around 1613. In 1616, at the age of 52, he passedaway. Translation 10 有关古代奥林匹克运动会的最早文字记载可追溯至公元前 776 年。

古代待奥运会每 4 年举办 一次,在 8 月 6 日与 9 月 19 日之间的一个纪念宙斯的宗教节日期间举行。

第一届现代奥运 会于 1896 年在希腊雅典举办。

奥运会的标志由五个大小相同的套环组成,代表着五大洲的 联合和来自世界各地运动员的大聚会。

奥运会真正腾飞、成为一项国际体育盛会是在 1924 年之后,即第 8 届奥运会在巴黎举办之后。

这一年,来自 44 个国家约 3,000 名运动员同场 竞技,并且第一次在奥运会上增加了闭幕式这一仪式。

同年,冬季奥运会首次亮相,比赛项 目包括花样滑冰、冰球、雪橇和冬季两项运动。

80 年后,2004 年夏季奥运会在相隔一个多 世纪后再次在雅典举办,来自 201 个国家的近 11,000 名运动员展开竞技,创下参赛车数 量之最。

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11 Tai Chi is a kind of martial arts, and a fitness exercise as well. It has a long history in China. With slow and gentle movements, Tai Chi is suitable for people of any age, sex, or body type to practice. It can be used to provide self-defense as well as build the body. Therefore, it has become very popular among Chinese people. During its development, Tai Chi borrowed and absorbed desirable elements from traditional Chinese philosophy, medicine, and martial arts, and it has developed into a sport with unique features. As a unique sport in China, Tai Chi is also gaining increasing popularity among many foreign friends. Section B Reading skills 1 1. The text is mainly about the benefits sports can bring to young people. 2. Sports can keep young people healthy, give them a sense of self-worth and accomplishment, teach them to deal with both failure and success, and help them learn to cooperate with other. 3. Yes, participation in competitive team sports can do harm to young people sometimes. Reading comprehension Understanding the text 2 1. It means that the qualities of the future leaders are formed through the activities that they participate in now. 2. Team sports can bring about attributes such as inspiration and physical stimulation. 3. By mentioning lemons and honey, the author wants to illustrate that in order to get to know the real meaning of something, you have to experience it. 4. The quotation implies that it doesn’t matter whether you win or lose in a game. What matters is whether you try your best or play fair or work as a team. 5. By taking part in team sports, talented people have the chance to develop leadership skills and earn the respect of their team members. 6. Through sports, those who lack talent will learn the value f individual hard work, the vale of cooperation and teamwork, and the fundamental importance of planning and preparation for the positive outcome of their ambitions. 7. When too much emphasis is put on winning, children may suffer psychological harm, and may miss the learning opportunities sports can offer. 8. It means winning is not everything, but we must win as there is no other option for us. In saying this, the football coach means that although people often say winning is not everything, it turns out to be the most important thing on the playground. What he wants to convey is that players should do all their best to win.Critical thinking 3第 31 页共 33 页

1. There are many benefits we can get from playing sports. . It can improve our health, fitness, and overall well-being. . It is fun and makes us enjoy our college life more. . It helps us develop self-discipline. We can learn to set goals and work hard to achieve the goals. . It provides us with a positive physical appearance and higher self-esteem. . It helps us learn how to act with grace in the face of failure, and come to know that we can’t always win and winning is not everything. 2. Yes, I have played in competitive sports. I was on the class volleyball team in high school. Every year we competed at the school sports meeting. I usually felt stressed out a few days before the game. I would clam myself down by closing my eyes and taking deep breaths, or by practicing meditation or yoga. Besides, I would keep telling myself that my team had practiced a lot, we cooperated well, and we were ready. 3. . No, I don’t have any trouble in cooperating with others in team sports. I play team sports such as basketball and football. I can always get along well with my teammates and my opponents as well, for I’m understanding and considerate, and I can handle defeat with god grace. . I seldom play any team sports. I love sports, but I only play sports alone, such as jogging, swimming, Tai Chi, and yoga. But I don’t think I will have trouble playing in team sports, for I always believe that you win as a team, and you lose as a team. 4. Take up a sport, practice it, and you’ll love it. Playing sports benefits you both or the time being and in the long run. By playing sports, you will enjoy good health, better self-image, and therefore greater confidence; and you will meet more people, learn to deal with stress or depression. So, let sports become part of your life, for the benefits will not only add up to a better quality of life, but will also last a lifetime. 5. We should be humble in victory and gracious in defeat. If you win, be humble. Don’t boast about your talents or skills. Don’t play down your opponents. But if you lose, be gracious. Don’t complain that the judge wasn’t fair, or your teammates didn’t play well, or your opponents were just lucky. Say “Congratulations!” to your opponents, and shake hands with them. Also thank your teammates for their efforts. Language focus Words in use 4 1. critical 2. humble 3. underline 4. mutual 5. accomplish 6. adapt 7. emphasized 8. overcome 9. demanding 10. considerable第 32 页共 33 页

expressions in use 5 1. for 2. on 3. to 4. in 5. out 6. for 7. with 8. on 9. in 10. at sentence structure 6 1. It is thought that writing about troubling experiences helps people deal with them. 2. It is reported that a film by an unknown director has won the first prize in the film festival. 3. It was known that this world-famous company evolved from a small company with a few people and a single office. 7 1. The ticket is a good deal, but the trip is not without problems. 2. They knew this was not without risk, but they encouraged us to carry out the plan. 3. Based on the evidence of murder case, the policeman’s concerns are not without foundation.Collocation 8 1. playing 2. do 3. go 4. go 5. doing 6. play/do 7. played 8. keep 9. overcome 10. achieved 11. set 12. earned第 33 页共 33 页

 
 

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