时间:2018-06-06 17:16:20 贡献者:Goodway

导读:Unit1.选词填空1explore(v.勘探,探测) transmit(v.传送,传递,传播) resource(n.资源) emerge(v.出现,为· · ·所公认) yield(v.产生,出产,屈从,让步) pose(v. 摆姿势,导致) assume(v.认为,假定,假设) co


Unit1.选词填空1explore(v.勘探,探测) transmit(v.传送,传递,传播) resource(n.资源) emerge(v.出现,为· · ·所公认) yield(v.产生,出产,屈从,让步) pose(v. 摆姿势,导致) assume(v.认为,假定,假设) confidence(n.信任信赖,自 信心) inherit(v.沿袭,秉承,继承) comprehensive(a.综合的,多方面的) 1. Given the chance to show his ability, he regained confidence and began to succeed in school. 2. It is so difficult to explore the bottom of the ocean because some parts are very deep. 3. It was about 30 seconds before Alex emerged from the water; we were quite scared. 4. We often assume that when other people do the same things as we do, they do them for the same reasons; but this assumption is not always reasonable. 5. There is widespread concern that the rising unemployment may pose a threat to social stability. 6. After a(n) comprehensive physical exam, my doctor said I was in good condition except that my blood pressure was a little high. 7. It is well known that China is a country with rich natural resources and a very big population. 8. Some people believe that the earth can yield enough food to support at least twice its present population. 9. Sam inherited the gift of imagination from his family, but he lacked the driving power to take action. 10. A bee that has found honey is able to transmit to other bees the information they need in order to collect the honey.2.15 选 10attain 赢得,获得,得到 fascinating 迷人的,吸引人 fulfill 履行,执行 pursue 追求,致力于 available 可获得的可利用的 qualify 使合适,合格 raise 提升,增加 passion 强烈的爱好,热爱 virtually 实际上 classify 分类归类 acquire 获得,取得,学到 fashionable 流行的 especially 特别的 sample 样品,标本 prosperous 繁荣的 University students come from different parts of the country with various purposes. However, a closer look at their reasons for studying at the university will enable us to (1) classify them roughly into three groups: those who have a(n) (2) passion for learning, those who wish to (3) attain a bright future, and those who learn with no definite purpose. Firstly, there are many students who learn simply because they (4) pursue their goal of learning. Some read a wealth of British and American novels because they are keenly interested in literature. Others sit in front of the1

computer screen, working on a new program, (5) virtually day and night, because they find some computer programs (6) fascinating, and they dream of becoming a "Bill Gates" one day. Secondly, there are students who work hard mainly for a better and more (7) prosperous future. It seems that the majority of students fall into this group. After admission to the university, they read books after books to (8) acquire knowledge from all of the resources which are (9) available to them, and finally, to succeed in the future job market. Thirdly, there are still some students who learn without a clear goal. They take courses, finish homework, enjoy life on campus, but don't want to (10) sample anything new or challenging. They have no idea what they will be doing after college. And they may end up with nothing in their lives.3.选词组open the door to 给· · ·以机会 in advance 预先,提前 all at once 同时,一下子 reap the benefits (of) 得享(某事物)的好处 make the most of 最大限度的利用某物 over time 逐渐地,慢慢地 get by 过活,活的去 stand a chance (of)有(做成某事)的希望 remind ... of 使某人想起 take pleasure in 乐于做某事 1. My family got by on my father's unemployment benefit after he lost his job. 2. Many subway riders read books or listen to music in order to make the most of their time on the way to work. 3. In order to make sure he would be able to attend the meeting, I called him up two weeks in advance. 4. Experts say our company is amazing in that sales have been increasing steadily over time . 5. In order to reap the benefits of the physical exercise, you have to exercise regularly, and for at least half an hour each time. 6. They all tried to talk all at once , but I couldn't hear anything they said. 7. Yellow flowers in the field always remind me of my childhood in the countryside. 8. We have been practicing for so long and so hard that our team should stand a chance of winning the game. 9. Research on genes will open the door to exciting new medical treatments. 10. Every one of you has made a contribution and I take pleasure in acknowledging what each of you has done to make this academic convention such a success.4.汉译英孔子是中国历史上著名的思想家、教育家,是儒家学派(Confucianism)的 创始人,被尊称为古代的 "圣人"(sage) 。


(The Analects)一书中。

《论语》是中国古代文化的经典著作,对后来历代的 思想家、文学家、政治家产生了很大影响。

不研究《论语》 ,就不能真正把握中 国几千年的传统文化。

孔子的很多思想,尤其是其教育思想,对中国社会产生了 深远的影响。

在 21 世纪的今天,孔子的学说不仅受到中国人的重视,而且也越 来越受到整个国际社会的重视。

Confucius was a great thinker and educator in Chinese history. He was the founder of Confucianism and was respectfully referred to as an ancient "sage". His words and life story were recorded in The Analects. An enduring classic of ancient Chinese culture, The Analects has had a great influence on the thinkers, writers, and statesmen that came after Confucius. Without studying this book, one could hardly truly understand the thousands-of-years' traditional Chinese culture. Much of Confucius' thought, especially his thought on education, has had a profound influence on Chinese society. In the 21st century, Confucian thought not only retains the attention of the Chinese, but it also wins an increasing attention from the international community.Unit1. 选词填空2embarrass(使尴尬,使窘迫)polish(擦光,擦亮,修改,上润光剂)emotional (情绪上的,情感上的)efficiency(效率,效能)curb(控制。

抑制)await (等待)donation(捐助)dump(丢弃,扔掉)stuff(装满,填满)historical 有关历史的 1. He has a special feeling for the brilliant birds, and each spring he eagerly awaits their return. 2. Thanks to the efficiency of air transport, everyone is free to go anywhere at any time. 3. John believes that the donation of food to the hungry is more helpful than giving money. 4. Mary was a careful speaker; every word seemed to have been polished before it was allowed to escape through her lips. 5. When she heard it was snowing in the city they were going to, she stuffed two more sweaters into her bag. 6. During our stay in Europe we visited many places of historical interest, including several castles. 7. The wedding ceremony of my sister was a very emotional experience for our family. 8. He was embarrassd when he discovered that he didn't have enough money to pay for the red wine he had ordered. 9. The local government is pressed to find new places to waste. 10. The new system designed to dump harmful emissions (排放物) from factories will be put into use soon. 10. The new system designed to curb harmful emissions ( 排放物 ) from3

factories will be put into use soon.2.15 选 10emotional 令人动情的,感情脆弱的 romantic 浪漫的多情的空想的 ridiculous 可笑的,荒谬的 overwhelmed 淹没压倒 embarrassment 窘迫,难堪 appreciate 感激欣赏增值 curious 好奇的 awkwardness 笨拙粗略难为情 cultivate 耕作种植 reverse 反转颠倒 parental 父母的亲本的 therefore 因此,所以 reduce 减少缩小 beloved 被热爱的, 亲爱的 otherwise 否则另外 Parents and teenagers have different or even opposite things to worry about. For example, while a mother might have a hard time understanding why her teenagers' room is always a(n) (1) embarrassment of dirty stuff, the teenagers are more worried about their next exams and may think it is (2) ridiculous for their mother to insist on keeping a clean room. It is therefore important for you to (3) appreciate the differences and learn to communicate with your teenagers properly. (4) otherwise, your teenagers may say nothing and shut you out of their personal lives. Their refusal to talk with you may even create (5) emotional stress in your life.Learning effective ways to communicate can (6) reverse the situation of a difficult relationship, (7) reduce the stress of your life, and lead to a friendly relationship with your teenagers. First, you should learn to discuss serious problems in daily conversations. So, important topics, such as driving a vehicle and building a(n) (8) romantic relationship, could be dealt with through daily conversations.Second, learn to be an active listener. Many parents are so (9) overwhelmed with their work that they could hardly take some time for their (10) beloved children. Spend your time listening carefully to what your children like to talk about, and make sure your children feel they are being taken seriously. This will increase the chances of good communication.3.选词组make it 获得成功,准时到达 with open arms 热烈地,欣然 strip off 揭开 去掉 脱掉 keep back 抑制,控制,隐瞒 free of/from 无· · ·拜托了· · ·的 after all 毕竟终究 straighten up 直起身,把· · ·弄整洁 throw away 扔掉丢弃 1. After 10 years of full-time training, she has finally make it as a professional dancer. 2. After all , what is the point in taking part in the competitive event if the result is only to prove how incompetent you are? 3. Redecorating the house is a challenging task. It's necessary to strip off the wallpaper first. 4. I never really had any problems with change. On the contrary, I welcome4

change with open arms . 5. A lot of what we throw away is made from raw materials which are not renewable. 6. Megan and John realized that their house was too messy for a new baby, so they decided to straighten up their house before the baby was born. 7. Jennifer couldn't keep back her tears when she saw the sick children at a new blood cancer center in Virginia. 8. We want to give all children a world free of/from violence.4.汉译英每 年 农 历 (Chinese lunar calendar)八 月 十 五 是我 国 的 传 统 节 日 —— 中 秋 节(the Mid-Autumn Festival) 。

这时是一年秋季的中期,所以被 称为中秋。


夜晚,人们赏明月、吃月饼,共庆中 秋佳节。

中秋节也是家庭团圆的时刻,远在他乡的游子,会借此寄托自己对故乡 和亲人的思念之情。

中秋节的习俗很多, 都寄托着人们对美好生活的热爱和向往。

自 2008 年起,中秋节成为中国的法定节假日。

According to the Chinese lunar calendar, August 15 of every year is a traditional Chinese festival — the Mid-Autumn Festival. This day is the middle of autumn, so it is called Mid-Autumn. One of the important Mid-Autumn Festival activities is to enjoy the moon. On that night, people gather together to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival, looking up at the bright moon and eating moon cakes. The festival is also a time for family reunion. People living far away from home will express their feelings of missing their hometowns and families at this festival. There are many customs to celebrate the festival, all expressing people's love and hope for a happy life. Since 2008, the Mid-Autumn Festival has become an official national holiday in China.Unite 31. 选词填空response 反应,响应 transform 使改观,使变形 focus 焦点重点,集中于· · · analyze 分析,剖析 estimate 估计, 估算 competitive 竞争性强的,有竞争力的 compensate 补偿, 弥补 adopt 采用采纳收养 typical 典型的有代表的 regulate 调整校准调节 1. To make our companies competitive in the market, we have to be more creative and productive. 2. People are beginning to realize that to transform nature at will is the biggest mistake that man has ever made. 3. It is difficult to conclude what a(n) typical student does in his spare time because every student has different interests. 4. A month ago I wrote to the store complaining about its bad service, but I haven't gotten a(n) response yet.5

5. Some of your suggestions have been adopted , but others have been turned down as they are not workable. 6. All of a sudden, he lost his interest in engineering, and focused his attention on learning a foreign language. 7. If a company decreases health benefits for its employees, they should increase salaries to compensate the workers. 8. I failed to pass the exam although I had worked very hard. I should analyze the causes of my failure. 9. When you do yoga, try to regulate your breathing. Don't breathe too fast and make sure you breathe only through your nose. 10. It was difficult to estimate how many people had been wounded in the earthquake.2.15 选 10complex 复杂的 access 享用权,享用机会 preferred 提出,提升 require 要求 undergraduate 大学生 大学的 accountable 可解释的可说明的 acquire 获得得到 tranmits 传输传送 indispensable 不可或缺的 creativity 创造性,创造力 referred 提及,针对 seeks 寻找,追求 post 邮件,张贴,快速行进 connectivity 连通性 transform 改变改观 There have been increased demands for higher education to provide students with better courses and more opportunities. To deal with this (1) complex issue, colleges and universities are turning to the Internet for quick (2) access to its rich educational resources. Now the Internet has been accepted as the (3) preferred technology to many other methods in colleges and universities. Many teachers now routinely (4) post their teaching materials online. A growing number of schools offer at least some (5)courses over the Internet. There are two different models of making use of the Internet for higher education. The first model (6) undergraduate to improve existing courses by using the Internet. This model provides high-speed Internet (7) connectivity to all students, faculty, and staff. While this model uses the Internet, it doesn't (8) require many changes, and it keeps most existing institutional structures unchanged. A different, more revolutionary model regards the Internet as (9) indispensable to an important change in higher education, for it is believed that the Internet can (10) transform teacher-centered instruction into student-centered learning. This, as a result, will bring about basic change to our university education.3.选词组keep up with 保持,同步,和朋友保持联系 fire off 开枪,匆忙发出6set up 建立设立创立 take the lead 树立榜样,带头

add to 增加,增添 stand out 显眼,突出,出色 in large part 多半,在很大程度上 visit with 叙谈闲谈 account for 占据,是· · ·的原因,解释 at a disadvantage 处于不利地位的 1. I fired off a letter of complaint to the manager of the store as soon as I found they had sold me a pair of mismatched shoes. 2. People browse the Internet, read newspapers and watch TV to keep up with what is happening in the world. 3. The university has set up another large laboratory for students to design more complicated robots. 4. I find it very difficult to account for the fact that two of our best students failed the exam. 5. In the current economy, with unemployment high and competition for jobs fierce, your resume needs to stand out for all the right reasons. 6. She is getting popular since she appeared in a TV interview last month. Her new movie will no doubt add to her growing fame. 7. The developed countries should take the lead in reducing greenhouse gas emissions (排放) and provide support for the developing nations to follow. 8. If your spoken English is not very good, then you may be at a disadvantage when you are looking for a job. 9. Their success was due in large part to their well-conceived (周密 策划的) plan. 10. He has been so occupied with his work these days that he barely has time to visit with his friends.4.汉译英中国航天业开创于 1956 年。


1970 年,中国成功发射了第一颗人造地球卫星,成为世界上第五个独立自主研 制和发射人造地球卫星的国家。

1992 年,中国开始实施载人航天飞行工程 (manned spaceflight program) 。

2003 年,中国成功发射了"神舟五号"载人飞 船,使中国成为第三个发射载人飞船的国家。

2007 年发射了"嫦娥一号",即第 一颗绕月球飞行(lunar-orbiting)的人造卫星。

2013 年,第五艘载人飞船"神 舟十号"发射成功,为中国空间站的建设打下了基础。

China's space industry was launched in 1956. Over the past decades, China's space industry has created one miracle after another. In 1970 China launched its first man-made earth satellite, ranking China the fifth country in the world to independently develop and launch man-made earth satellites. In 1992 China began to carry out the manned spaceflight program. In 2003 China launched Shenzhou-5, a manned spaceship. The successful launch made China the third country to launch manned spaceships. In 2007 Chang'e-1, the first lunar-orbiting man-made satellite, was sent to space. In 2013 Shenzhou-10, the fifth manned spaceship, was launched successfully, laying the foundation for building the Chinese Space Station.7

Unite 41. 选词填空Subsequent 后来的,随后的 distinct 明显的,清楚的 Intense 热烈的,强烈的 respond 回答,响应 Advocate 提倡,拥护 involve 包含,使参与 Confine 限制,局限于,禁制 fulfill 履行,执行 Circumstance 环境,境遇 reconcile 使和好 1. Fortunately, the accident didn't involve many people, for there was little traffic at that hour. 2. She fulfilled her ambition of becoming a fashion designer after years of hard work. 3. They kept on trying their best to develop their business, but in such intense market competition, they had no idea if success would come along one day. 4. As music plays an important role in our life, many music teachers and educators advocate taking up a musical instrument at a young age. 5. This rule should be entirely clear in the minds of everyone and should not be misunderstood under any circumstances . 6. My daughter was shy; she was afraid to ask questions, respond to questions in class, or talk with other children. 7. I got from him only a letter, which was put on my office desk; subsequent to the receipt of this letter I have never heard from him. 8. The duties to provide services for children in need are not confine to the local social services department. 9. We pray that all nations be reconciled and that all people around the world live in peace. 10. He suggested a small but distinct improvement on our former plan; I really appreciate it.2.15 选 10involve 包含, 使参与 remarkable 异常的,引人注目的 focusing 调焦,集中 showered 似雨般降落 intense 热情的 applying 应用,致力于 pushed 推,推动 commitment 承诺,许诺 tragedy 悲剧, 惨剧 advocate 提倡,拥护 hailed 下冰雹 tender 纤弱的, 温柔的 fulfillment 完成,实现 In January 2011, Daniel Hernandez saved congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords' life in a mass shooting in Tucson. He kept her alive by (1) applying pressure to her wounds and speaking (2) tender words of sympathy until medical people arrived. He was (3) hailed as a hero by the public. Although his devotion to public service is (4) remarkable,8

in his book They Call Me a Hero: A Memoir of My Youth, Hernandez insists that he is not a hero. Hernandez said that he initially resisted the idea of writing a book about his experience on that day of enormous (5) tragedy. "I had been (6) pushed by a few publishers after the incident," he said. "I thought heroes should be people who make a lifetime (7) commitment to helping others." However, Hernandez, now a school board member, had come to realize that he would be interested in writing a book (8) focusing on his public service."As a young official, I've faced some big challenges, and I want young people to know that they need to face challenges and (9) involve themselves in their communities." When asked if he had any plan with a second book, Hernandez said his major purpose at present was to continue to serve his community and pursue his passion as a(n) (10) advocate for education. "But I'm not going to say no," he said.3.选词组in sb.'s words/in the words of sb.用某人的话来说 count on 依靠指望 make sense of 理解,弄懂某事 reserve for 预留,保留 shield from 使· · ·免受 call on 呼吁,号召 sum up 概括总结 relate to 理解,认同 in need 在困难时,在贫困之中 be/get caught up in 被卷入,陷入 1. She held her hand above her eyes to shield them from the sun so that she could see more clearly the man in front of her. 2. The boy studied the signs for over an hour, but still could not make sense of them, so he turned to his teacher for help. 3. They called on the developed countries to commit more money to protecting the environment. 4. We will continue to care for those in need and work to establish a society that is generous and prosperous. 5. Many people are/get caught up in careers and raising kids so that they forget that their marriages also need to be taken good care of. 6. My most favorite program is the one that deals with scientific subjects that ordinary people can relate to . 7. Finally, I would like to sum up by saying that it has been a tremendous pleasure to work with you all. 8. He is a person that you can always count on when you need help. 9. Betty loves reading.In her words , "Reading is the most wonderful thing in the world." 10. This restaurant is very popular because it has some separate, smaller rooms reserved for families with small children.4.汉译英郑和是中国历史上最著名的航海家(maritime explorer) 。

公元 1405 年,9

明朝的统治者为了稳固边防(border defense)和开展海上贸易,派郑和下 西洋(the Western Seas) 。

在此后的 28 年里,郑和带领船队七下西洋,前 后出海的人员有 10 多万人,访问了 30 多个国家和地区。

船队纵横南亚、西 亚,一直到非洲大陆。

郑和下西洋是世界航海(navigation)史上的壮举, 它 展 现 了 郑和 卓 越 的航 海 和 组 织才 能 , 同时 展 现 了 明朝 的 国 力和 国 威 (national strength and prestige) ,加强了明朝和海外各国之间的关系。

Zheng He was the most famous maritime explorer in Chinese history. In 1405 AD, the ruler of the Ming Dynasty sent Zheng He on a voyage to the Western Seas in order to strengthen border defense and develop trade by sea. In the following 28 years, Zheng He led his fleet, made seven voyages to the Western Seas with over 100,000 crew members in total, and visited more than 30 countries and regions. The fleet traveled far into South Asia and West Asia, and made all the way to the continent of Africa. Zheng He's voyages to the Western Seas were a great feat in the world's navigation history. It showed Zheng He's outstanding navigation and organization talents; meanwhile, it exhibited the national strength and prestige of the Ming Dynasty, and strengthened the relationships between the Ming Dynasty and the overseas countries.Unite 51. 选词填空substantial 大量的多的,物质的 annual 一年一度的,每年的 amateur 业余爱好者,业余爱好的 assemble 集合收集,组装装配 react 作出反应 furnish 提供,供应 distinction 优秀,差别,卓越 contract 契约,合同 apparent 表面的,可看见的 magnificent 宏伟的,壮观的,华丽的 1. The annual conference which I attend every year is going to be held in London in January next year. 2. According to the terms of your contract , you must give three months' notice if you intend to leave this company. 3. We were honored that so many people of distinction and talent were present to discuss the issues. 4. The local government has been providing substantial support to them, without which they couldn't have been so successful. 5. The secret agent promised that the information he furnished was obtained from reliable sources. 6. Whether amateur or professional, American football is perhaps the most popular sport in the US. It attracts a total attendance of over 40 million and is watched by many more millions on television each year. 7. Shops try to meet the DIY (do-it-yourself) fashion by offering consumers parts and hardware which they can assemble at home.10

8. I wonder how she will react to the news if I tell her she is not going to get a raise this year. 9. It was apparent that the professor's lecture failed to impress the students as some of them had left before it was over. 10. We all admitted that the trip was worthwhile after we saw a(n) magnificent palace and a fantastic museum.2. 15 选 10Amateur 业余爱好者,业余的 endurance 耐久持久,忍耐力 Individual 个人的,个人 independent 自主的,不相关联的 Present 现在的,目前的 despite 不管,尽管 Developed 先进的,发达的 contests 争夺竞争 Remarkable 异常的,引人注目的 coined 创造 Insurance 保险 inherent 固有的,内在的,天生 Established 已建立的 contracts 契约 Separate 分开分离 For several centuries, cricket (板球) has been a very popular sport in England. It has been enjoyed by both professional and (1)(amateur) players. This super-popular game is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players. It can provide you with health benefits like building (2)(endurance), balance, and physical fitness. But for a team sport, cricket also places (3)(individual) players under unusual pressure because every team player is (4)(independent) of each other. Cricket might have started in early 16th-century England. Written records (5)(present) evidence of a game known as creag being played by Prince Edward at Newenden, Kent in 1301; and it is possible, (6)(despite) no hard evidence, that this was a form of cricket. By the end of the 18th century, cricket had (7)(developed) into a national sport of England. The growth of the British Empire led to cricket being played abroad and by the mid-19th century the first international (8)(contests) were held. Cricket has had a(n) (9)(remarkable) impact on popular culture in England. It has had an influence on the vocabulary of the English language, with such phrases as that's not cricket (10)(coined) to describe unfair behavior in general.3. 选词组regardless of 不管 give away 暴露 fall ill 生病 pass away 去世 up to 达到,至多 have no intention of doing sth.不打算做某事 leave behind 把· · ·抛在脑后 忘记拿走 might (just) as well 还不如 in attendance 出席 to this day 直到现在 1. I felt terribly sorry to learn that his sister (passed away) after having fought against cancer for three years.11


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