英语常用修辞格分类

 时间:2015-07-08 03:43:36 贡献者:citizen百姓

导读:Figures of Speech Simile (明喻): Wrong ideas may harm man just like diseases. Her face is as white as a paper. Metaphor (暗喻): He is the soul of the team. My desk is flooded with paper. There are a few lordly poplars before the house. The charco

英语修辞格
英语修辞格

Figures of Speech Simile (明喻): Wrong ideas may harm man just like diseases. Her face is as white as a paper. Metaphor (暗喻): He is the soul of the team. My desk is flooded with paper. There are a few lordly poplars before the house. The charcoal fire glowed and dimmed rhythmically to the stroke of the bellows. Personification (拟人): The leaves are trembling in the cold wind. Metonymy (转喻,借代): His unfriendly tongue surprised her. The grey hair should be respect. Synecdoche (提喻,部分整体): The farms were short of hands during the harvest season. They share the same roof. England won the football. Euphemism (委婉): He unfortunately passed away last year. He is out visiting the necessary. Irony (反语): You are a fine goalkeeper, allowing the other side to score six goals. Overstatement/hyperbole (夸大的叙述): Thanks a million. She wept oceans of tears. His anger nearly burst his belly. His friends praised his daughter’s performance to the skies. She eats like a bird. Understatement (保守的陈述): “What do you think of the roast duck?” “Not bad.” He has got heart trouble, but it is nothing serious. Transferred epithet (转移修饰语): The old man put a reassuring hand on my shoulder. He crashed down on a protesting chair.1/3

Oxymoron (矛盾修饰法): She read the long-awaited letter with a tearful smile. Parting is such a sweet sorrow. Alliteration (头韵): Time and tide wait for no man. Pun (双关): They pray for you today and prey on you tomorrow. Women have a wonderful sense of right and wrong, but little sense of right and left. Customer: Waiter, will the pancakes be long? -Waiter: No, sir, round. In the window of a hearing-aid shop: “Trust us, over 5000 ears (years) of experience.” -Why can you never expect a fisherman to be so generous? -Because his business makes him sell fish (selfish). Analogy (类比): Knowledge is to the mind what nutrition is to the body. Antonomasia (换称, 专有名词代普通名词,人名、地名): He spent the whole winter in the Windy City. (Chicago) Shanghai is the New York of China. Allusion (暗示): Grammar may be his heel of Achilles. 语法是他的大弱点。

——(希腊神话中的勇士 Achilles 除了脚踵处身上其他地方刀枪不入) Onomatopoeia (拟声): It was a summer day in the countryside, hot and stuff with crickets creaking, frogs croaking and dogs growling; suddenly the terrifying tap-tap-tap noise came from the shadows. Innuendo (暗讽): The weatherman said it would be warm. He must take his readings in a bathroom. After three days in Japan, the spinal column becomes extraordinarily flexible. Antithesis (对照,对仗): Art is long, life is short. (单词) We found ourselves rich in goods, but ragged in minds. (短语) My fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country. (从句)2/3

An optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; a pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity. (句子) Apostrophe (顿呼): Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him. England! Awake! Awake! Awake! Epigram (警句): Character is destiny. Action is eloquence. ——Shakespeare (1564—1616) As long as I have a want, I have a reason for living. ——G.B.Shaw (1856—1950) Climax (层进): I am sorry, I am so very sorry, I am so extremely sorry. (程度) He gazed upon the pretty houses, the green hills and the broad Pacific. (范围) The prisoner was first questioned, then tortured, and finally shot. (时间) Anticlimax (突降): We had plenty of company in the way of wagon-loads and mule-loads of tourists—and dust. ——(Mark Twain, A Tramp Abroad) Friendship is really sweet and holy, if he or she doesn’t ask to borrow money from you. Paradox (似非而是的隽语): The more you give, the more you have. Sometimes, the most urgent and vital thing you should do is to take a complete rest. No news is good news. Syllepsis (一语双叙): He lost the game and his temper. Yesterday he has a blue heart and coat. She departed in tears and a taxi. Ten minutes later, the coffee and my client arrived simultaneously. Zeugma (轭式搭配): The sun shall not burn you by day, nor the moon by night.3/3

 
 

微信关注公众号,送福利!