支持反方的论据:Cell Phones Disruptive of School EnvironmentSchool disruptions can come in a number of forms. Ringing cell phones can disrupt classes and distract students who should be paying attention to their lessons at hand. Text message has been used for cheating. And new cell phones with cameras could be used to take photos of exams, take pictures of students changing clothes in gym locker areas, and so onCell Phones in School Create Less Safe School Emergency ResponseIn terms of school safety, cell phones have been used by students in a number of cases nationwide for calling in bomb threats to schools. In far too many cases, these threats have been difficult or impossible to trace since they have been made by cell phones. The use of cell phones by students during a bomb threat, and specifically in the presence of an actual explosive device, also presents a greater risk for potentially detonating the device as public safety officials typically advise school officials not to use cell phones, two-way radios, or similar communications devices during such threats. Additionally, experience in crisis management has shown us that regular school telephone systems become overloaded with calls in times of a crisis. While we do recommend cell phones for school administrators and crisis team members as a crisis management resource tool, it is highly probable that hundreds (if not thousands) of students rushing to use their cell phones in a crisis would also overload the cell phone system and render it useless. Therefore the use of cell phones by students could conceivably decrease, not increase, school safety during a crisis.Cell Phones and Text Messaging in Schools Contribute to School Rumors and FearWe also track more and more school incidents across the nation where rumors have disrupted schools and have even resulted in decreased attendance due to fears of rumored violence. The issues of text messaging in particular, and cell phones in general, were credited with sometimes creating more anxiety and panic than any actual threats or incidents that may have triggered the rumors."We are now dealing with 'Generation Text' instead of 'Generation X'," said Ken Trump, President of National School Safety and Security Services. "The rumors typically become greater than the issue, problem, or incident itself. Attendance can go down overnight and rumors can fly in minutes," he notedTOP NOI am an elementary teacher, and the answer to whether or not cell phones should be used in school is a simple one for me. At this level, it is difficult to see a place for them. With the integration of technology into curriculum being a gradual initiative in my building, we are not anywhere near using cell phones to enhance our lessons. Many of my students do not even have cell phones let alone ones that would enable them to research topics or connect with others. The pros and cons are out there, but for me, the drawbacks outweigh the benefits. According to Family Education, a valid list of cons is presented: •Students often forget to turn off their phones in class, and ringing noises or text-message alerts disrupt learning. •Even if set to silent, cell phones can still cause distraction, since text messaging has become a high-tech method of passing notes in school. •Students have been known to use cell phones to call in bomb threats to schools, to avoid or condense class time.
•In the event of a widespread crisis, rampant cell phone use can overload communication systems and render them inoperable. •Student cell phone networks add to the spread of rumors and misinformation, which can be harmful during a widespread crisis. •Phones can be used as cheating devices during exams. •The long-term physical effects of cell phone use are still undetermined. My thoughts on the list of cons are as follows: •Just the other day, I had a student in my class whose cell phone went off. It not only took 5 minutes to find the cell phone, but another chunk of time was spent trying to redirect the students and to try to get back to the focus of the lesson. •The use of cell phones to pass notes is simply a hindrance to learning. Students are not engaged in the lesson, and are showing disrespect to the teacher. By allowing students to have/use cell phones in the school setting, we are in a sense making it easier to participate in these immature, serious actions. •You may say that students would just find another way to make threats if cell phones were banned, but why make it readily available to them? For this reason alone, our students’ safety is on the line. Why take the risk? •The issue of cyber bullying and sexting are becoming more and more prevalent even in our fifth and sixth grade building. Many behavior problems stem from text messages that have been sent back and forth and then forwarded to other students. It is already an awkward enough age without having to worry about who is saying what about you let alone texting about you. •Although it would be difficult for the age group of students that I teach to use their personal cell phones for cheating, this could be a problem at the middle and high school levels. •According to the National Cancer Institute, the radiofrequency energy which is a form of radiation may be causing brain tumors and forms of cancer. Research is still being conducted, but the risk is there. Even at the young age of my fifth graders, we have dealt with inappropriate text messaging and even drug deals/requests being made through texting. It saddens me that these events are occurring among 10 and 11 year olds. It seems as though cell phones make these tragedies even easier. Students think that no one will read their texts and that they can get away with being inappropriate. With the attention span of students today dwindling at such a rapid pace, adding cell phones into the everyday happenings of a school day just adds another opportunity to take away from those teachable moments. My students easily loose focus and their attention is quickly given to the slightest interruption or noise. Without the availability of cell phones, I feel that as a teacher I can have the undivided attention of my students. Of course the districts could allow cell phone usage along with guidelines, rules and expectations, but there will always be those students that want to push the line as far as they can. As the old adage goes, “if you
give an inch, they’ll take a mile”, we could be opening up an area of technology usage in schools that may come back to bite us. In an article I read by MSNBC, cell phones in a district in Wisconsin were being used to promote violence through fighting. The point here is that when cell phones are allowed in school, they are not always being used for educational purposes, but instead we see a negative side. Superintendent William Andrekopoulos said it best in the article when he says, “I think people have to rise themselves up from a level of convenience to a level of safety. I think that’s where we’re at in this country.” Students should come to school and feel safe. If we, through the use of cell phones, take that feeling of safety away from our students, then we as teachers have failed. 支持正方的论据:TOP YESI went back and forth on this issue for a while before I came to my final decision. Students are already bringing their phones to school – regardless of the school’s policy. They keep them in their UGGs (boots), purse, pocket, gym bag, lunch box, etc. The phones are already in school and some of them have more capabilities than the laptops that were purchased. They rarely have technical issues, are smaller and less cumbersome, and most students have a cell phone. Today’s students, aka Digital Natives, are well versed in using their phones to record sound, capture videos, take pictures, and upload everything to websites with global access. As educators, instead of concentrating on what negative things can be done with the cell phone in a school setting, we should be concentrating on what positive contributions the cell phone can make to the classroom. The most popular reason for having cell phones in school is a safety concern. In Workable Cell Phone Policy, the article states that since the events in Columbine and the attacks on 9/11, parents want to be in closer contact with their children for safety reasons. While cell phones should not be ringing during class, they provide a direct link to a parent or guardian should the situation arise. My district has a policy where the students can have a phone in school, but they cannot be seen or heard. Is this why the bathroom has become such a popular place? On a recent cell phone bill in my house, I noticed my 17 year old son was texting all during school and his school has a strict “no cell phone in school” policy. It is too hard to enforce, so we must look for ways to embrace the technology that is already in the classroom. Cellphones into School talks about how with education moving in to the 21st century we must educate ourselves to the technologies that are students are using. The article stated, “On average, there's a single IT staff member per 800 students, teachers, and administrators in U.S. public school districts, compared with one IT staff person per every 11 users in business”. As we all know, having 30 students on laptops can be a nightmare with all of the technical issues that arise. We have our students sign Acceptable Use Policies to gain access to the internet, why not include cell phone usage in that policy? If we are comfortable letting our students use Google as a search engine, does the platform matter? Using cell phones for education means many of the students will have access to a di gital camera and video recorder to create digital stories that are content related. In my district, where close to 50% of the student body receives free and reduced lunch, over 90% of them have a cell phone. This is not the case with access to computers (and internet), digital cameras, or video recorders outside of the classroom. Cell phones in Learning contains a table showing the data on cell phone owners. Many cell phones also contain calculators, internet access, music players, GPS navigators, and a host of applications that could be useful in the classroom.
While there are disadvantages to having cell phones in the classroom, the advantages are plentiful. There is a low cost factor, the students have them and know how to use them, websites like PollEverywhere can be used to gather instant results via SMS messaging, and they allow everyone equal access to digital technology. With proper education, for students and teachers, cell phones will no longer be seen as a threat or distraction any more than colored chalk! TOP YES As with all technology, there are pros and cons to its use in the classroom. Computers and the internet brought out an ability for students to copy and paste plagiarized material into term papers, but we still use them in classrooms. Cell phones are just another useful technology that have just as many pros and cons to education as computers and the internet. Yes, cell phones can be a distraction if used inappropriately, but just as we teach our students to behave ethically, morally, and productively with computers, we have the opportunity to do so with cell phones as well. By banning cell phones, according to Cool Cool Cat Teacher Blog (2009), “we’ve pushed them into private places of the school like the bathrooms and locker rooms which is precisely where we DO NOT want them to be!” Cell phones allow students to be more organized and instantly have access to information and tools, especially if there aren’t enough classroom computers for the class. Tools like calculators, calendars, and maps can make students more productive. Dr. Liz Korb, a popular blogger at Cell Phones In Learning, adds that cell phones can be assistive aids for students with visual and hearing impairments (2008). Visually impaired students can use Jott.com, call them, say a blog post, and it will appear on a class blog within a few minutes as a text to speech function. Additionally, hearing impaired students can use texting to collaborate and communicate with the “spoken world.” One word that comes up in countless websites and reports about cell phone use in education is ubiquitous, or constantly encountered, widespread. Many secondary students have cell phones and as it becomes more commonplace, why not tap into the many benefits it offers. A study by Elizabeth Harnell-Young and Nadja Heym of the Learning Sciences Research Institute at the University of Nottingham conducted a study about the use of cell phones in secondary education. According to their results, “Almost all students reported greater enjoyment in projects and felt more motivated. In one school, the results indicated that the phone use in the classroom helped students both in their social and learning environments, thereby increasing student confidence and their work ethic.” In a day and age where are students are more diverse than ever, it is important to find every which way we can reach them. Technology is a major component of this effort. While there are concerns, certainly over proper use, just because it can be misused, doesn’t mean we should discard or ban the technology from schools. It’s about embracing positive outcomes and student achievement any which way possible. TOP YES True, cell phones cannot prevent horrifying events such as school shootings, but they do let people get help sooner, such as in the Columbine Massacre. In addition to safety reasons, cell phones also allow parents to be able to keep in touch with their children in case their kids need to stay after for sports, homework help, or any other reason. Cell phones should not be banned from schools, as they are important to a person's lifestyle.
No doubt that, after incidents like the Columbine High School Massacre and the terrorist attacks on September 11th, cell phones give parents peace of mind, knowing that their kids can be reached, and that the students can reach them, with just a quick phone call. New York, which has one of the nation's biggest school systems, has banned cell phones, and is causing a commotion among both students and parents. Most parents feel that it is an extreme measure, and even a violation to the Constitution, that schools are banning cell phones. It is not up to the school board whether or not a student may have a cell phone; the parents gave the device to their child for a reason, and it is not the school board's right to decide where the students can bring them, and when they can use them. However, despite these convincing reasons as to why cell phones should be allowed in schools, many school authorities and teachers still say "no" to the devices. According to a Spanish teacher in the Northern Tioga School District, Pennsylvania, "A cell phone going off in a classroom can end the learning process as effectively as any fire drill" (1). So, if the cell phone should be banned because it disrupts the teacher's lecture like "any fire drill," then why not ban fire drills for the same reason? Fire drills happen for safety reasons, which is the main argument as to why students should be able to bring their cell phones to school. Another common case as to why students should not have cell phones in school is because school officials claim that it makes it easier for drug dealers to get drugs to people, and state that "banning cell phones gets rid of that problem" (2). Since when could cell phones transport drugs to people? Getting rid of cell phones will not get rid of drug problems in school; if an unfortunate student has a drug addiction, then they are most likely going to get that drug one way or another. Others have said that if the parents really need to reach their child, or vice versa, then they can use the school's office phone. I'm sure the office phone will be real handy if the school's in a lock-down from a threat like gunmen. That goes the same for a pay phone, which further people have suggested to use instead of cell phones, especially since they are cheaper. First of all, who sees a working pay phone around anymore? They have not been seen for awhile since cell phones came along and proved to be more convenient. As for the office phones, they are also not always around if a student suddenly has a schedule change, such as a cancelled sport practice or an important club meeting. Cell phones are handier than other phones and should be allowed for students to have in case they need to make a spur-of-the-moment call. Sadly, this world is not at peace; everyone knows that. Cell phones are important to today's ever-changing agenda so people can stay in touch with each other. They are wonderful devices that put plenty of people's minds at ease with the knowledge that their loved ones are only a dial away.