环球雅思写作强化讲义

 时间:2017-07-20  贡献者:青鸟凝兮

导读:雅思强化写作精讲班[慎小寲]第6讲讲义,1 Smoking is just a personal choice rather than a moral issue. (主语可以是动名词,不定式和从句) 2 Nowadays, more and more people agree that gambling is an unhealthy hobby. (谓语只能是动词) 3 Junk food impairs p

雅思强化写作精讲班[慎小寲]第6讲讲义
雅思强化写作精讲班[慎小寲]第6讲讲义

1 Smoking is just a personal choice rather than a moral issue. (主语可以是动名词,不定式和从句) 2 Nowadays, more and more people agree that gambling is an unhealthy hobby. (谓语只能是动词) 3 Junk food impairs people’s health (impair 是破坏的意思,固定搭配health,宾语的组成成分和主语完全 一样。

) 4 In recent years, the Internet has been gaining in popularity at an amazing rate.(定语,这也是个常用词汇) 5 Outdoor activities can greatly improve our health.(状语,修饰动词,修饰形容词,或是修饰整个句子的词 都可以叫做状语。

) 6 Shopping, an necessary activity in everyday life, is far more convenient in the city than in the country. (同位 语,并不是修饰这个名词,而是把这个名词的成分展开来说,是补充说明) 7 I found the employment situation disappointing. (补语,动词加名词,加形容词或分词,是常见的一种结 构) 正确使用四种特殊句式 a 状语提前 Obviously, if elderly people live at home, their children can take care of them and they feel less lonely. Overall, (雅思考官在结尾段的最爱)the function of a building is more important to a building than its appearance. I am fond of the Western culture. Specifically, I think the French culture is really second to none. Most importantly, the government should make sure that citizens can improve their lives. In terms of attitude, Teddy Bear is a very good teacher. (明显让句子变的更灵活, 放在句中的话, 没有这么好的感觉。

) To reduce traffic jams, the government should encourage people to take the subway. (为了达到什么 目的,to do sth.) Living in poverty, these people do not even have money to buy enough food. Without an IELTS score, one cannot get a visa from the embassy. (领事馆) b倒装句 Not only should the parents spend more time with their children, they should also try to communicate with their children more often. (not only 前半句倒装) Only in this way can this issue be effectively solved. c强调句 It is the slits that make a chi-pao really special. It is the traditions in Beijing that attract many foreign tourists. d 虚拟语气 If this were not true, then we would find it impossible to predict how the stock market would develop. The schools would seem very impersonal were all the computers to replace human teachers.1

Cultivate the awareness How should i address you? (称呼) Strictly ban2

3

4

5

(A)IELTS作文复杂句的六种内在关系 1 cause and effect 因果关系 标志词 1) 表示原因的 as , since ; due to , owing to 2) 表示结果的 hence(因此), thus(因此) , therefore(因此) (放在句首不算错,最好 放句中,前面加分号,高级) As a consequence,…(作为结果) As a result,…(作为结果) Consequently…(作为结 果) 3) thereby( 以此达到……的目的) (前面只能用逗号,后面必须加动名词) 1 The ecological problems are being aggravated ; hence , it is imperative that we take measures to curb the pollution of the environment. 2 The government should raise the public awareness of environmental preservation, thereby promoting sustainable development and creating a more livable environment. 2 exemplification 举例关系 标志词 Take…for example.(以……为例) for instance, (比如……) To illustrate,…(例如…..) As an apt illustration,…(作为例证,……)Consider, for example…(以……为例) 1 The Asian countries are getting westernized at a staggering rate. Take China for example, when youngsters go to the movies, it is common for them to choose Hollywood blockbusters over domestic films. 2 Animals are humans’ companions. To illustrate, dolphins often rescue sailors from sinking ships. 3 comparison and contrast 对比关系 标志词 while…/ whilst… /whereas… (句内对比,主句和从句对比) By contrast,… 1 While/ Whilst modern man leads a stressful life, our ancestors could often perform their business in a leisurely fashion. 2 The educational and medical facilities in big cities are mostly very advanced. In contrast, their counterparts in the country tend to be of inferior quality. 4 Concession 让步关系 标志词 Despite/In spite of/Notwithstanding…(尽管…) Nonetheless/ Nevertheless, (尽管 如此) Even though…(尽管) = Although 1 In spite of the disadvantages animal experimentation can bring about, many scientists insist on continuing this practice. 2 The government plays a crucial role in scientific research; nonetheless, private companies hold certain advantages in conducting scientific research. 5 Supposition 假设论证 标志词 provided that…(如果) If … 1 Provided that we can minimize the pain of test animals, animal experimentation should be continued. 2 If large companies are moved to the countryside, the traffic congestion in cities will be alleviated substantially. 6 Modification 修饰关系 that, who, which 1 In this day and age, we have a proliferation of buildings that look exactly like the buildings our ancestors built. 2 Today, teenage students are under increasingly severe stress in their studies, which has disturbed and armed many adults. al 6

(B) IELTS 写作 34 个基础句型 前进类 1 benefit from People who look for information can benefit from the amazing development of the Internet. 2 invest in The medical facilities in the rural area are still not very developed; therefore, the government should invest more money in these facilities. 3 promote the development of… The widespread use of English has promoted the development of English training schools in China. 4 It is obvious that… It is obvious that a DVD can hold more information than a book. More importantly, it is more entertaining. 5 play a key role in One’s job and age play a key role in deciding what one wears. 6 enrich one’s experience … Working for a period before going to university can greatly enrich students’ experience and make them more capable in university. 7 keep society safe and stable Harmony can keep society safe and stable, while clashes make a country unlivable. 8 relax their bodies and ease their minds Even though on holiday students spend less time studying, holidays relax students’ bodies and ease their minds. 9 have a duty to do … National sports teams represent(代表) their country; therefore, the government has a duty to invest in these teams. 10 afford people entertainment and pleasure Overall, computer games afford people entertainment and pleasure than trouble. 11 create employment opportunities International business can create employment opportunities. On the other hand, it may damage cultural heritage of a nation. 12 is less time-consuming and more economical Advertising makes our shopping experience less time-consuming and more economical. 13 broaden one’s horizons Not only can traveling broaden one’s horizons, it can relax one’s body and soul as well. 14 fulfill one’s potential Working under pressure can help employees fulfill their potential. 15 remove the barrier for Machine translation has removed the barrier for people who do not speak the same language. 16 promote the cultural communication and interaction between… and … Multi-cultured societies promote the cultural communication and interaction between differentethnic groups 17 curb the proliferation of…. 7

The government should take immediate measures to curb the proliferation of pollution. 18 raise people’s awareness of… The media should raise the public awareness of the significance of preserving the ecosystem.倒退类 1 live a stressful life It seems that the people in developing countries live a more stressful life than the people inindustrial countries. 2 lead to crimes The widespread violence and pornography on TV often lead to youngsters’ crimes. 3 the competition is stiff The competition in modern society is increasingly stiff, which makes many people cold and cruel. 4 avoid … To avoid making mistakes, we should be very careful in answering IELTS questions. 5 suffer from Nowadays, many citizens of Beijing suffer from mental illnesses because the competition is verystiff. 6 stem from Generally speaking, children’s bad behavior stems from imitating their parents’. 7 is a threat to… In terms of employment opportunities, WTO is a threat to many Chinese automakers. 8 have detrimental influence upon Obviously, long-distance flights have detrimental influence upon the environment. 9 be monotonous and unmotivating Many students find the schooling in traditional schools monotonous and unmotivating. 10 cope with= deal with The governments must take measures to cope with the serious terrorism worldwide. 11 There is a definite link between A and B There is a definite link between the adult crime rate and the crime rate of youngsters. 12 spin out of control The situation in the Middle East is spinning out of any control. 13 create tension and conflicts between… Cultural differences between the tourists and local residents(居民) may create tension and conflicts between them. 14 be overly dependent on… Technology has successfully made many individuals overly dependent on it. 15 stifle creativity The traditional education in some Asian countries seriously stifles creativity. 16 the population is booming without effective control, the population boom will result in the lack of resources.8

(C) 雅思写作43个高分句型前进类(用来论证好的方面) 1 profit from People the world over can profit from the advancement in motorized flight. ★2 A is an indispensable part of B. Advertising has become an indispensable part of our lives and it has been exerting profound influence on the way we live, work , play and learn. ★★3 something plays a pivotal role in… It is universally acknowledged that education plays a pivotal role in individual success. ★★4 enable somebody to do something Cultural assimilation enables newly-arrived immigrants to get ahead in the new society successfully. 5 get accustomed to something New immigrants must get accustomed to the local culture to succeed.6 Someone can utilise something In this day and age, many individuals can utilise the Internet via computers or mobile phones. ★7 something is in the best interests of someone Preserving the endangered animals is in the best interests of humanity. 8 contribute to… Students should not only learn academic knowledge but also do volunteer work in communities, thereby making contribution to their cities. 9 something consolidates its status as the … English has been consolidating its status as the dominant language in the world. 倒退类(用来论证负面的方面) 1 …is attended by … The staggering advancement of technology is attended by severe pollution of the ecosystem. 2 The more…the more… The more vehicles on the roads, the more traffic congestion to occur. ★3 A can be attributed to B The proliferation of traffic accidents can be in large measure attributed to the traffic law not being stringent enough. ★4 be afflicted with In present-day society, a host of countries are afflicted with chronic poverty. 5 deprive someone of something Modern cities deprive city-dwellers of fresh air and the comfortable pace of life. 6 something impels somebody to do … Peer pressure often impels youngsters to spend excessively on fancy clothes and9